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Randolph County, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Randolph County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1818
Seat Winchester
Largest city Winchester
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

453 sq mi (1,173 km²)
453 sq mi (1,173 km²)
0 sq mi (0 km²), 0.09%
 - (2000)
 - Density

60/sq mi (23/km²)

Randolph County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2000, the population was 27,401. The county seat is Winchester6.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,174 km² (453 sq mi). 1,173 km² (453 sq mi) of it is land and 1 km² (0 sq mi) of it (0.09%) is water.

Randolph County is the point of origin for the White River and Whitewater River.

As of June 22, 2004, Randolph Farms Landfill, owned by the Balkema family in Kalamazoo, is seeking a zoning exception allowing it to expand into 320 acres (1.3 km²), in order to keep it in operation for a further 50 years. This would make the landfill, already one of the largest in the county, the point of highest elevation in the state of Indiana. Opponents, including the majority of the county residents, have been vocal against expansion, pointing out the possible effects landfill toxins could cause on aquifers and on agriculture. The landfill has twice been denied a petition to expand.

Adjacent counties[]


Public schools in Randolph County are administered by the Union School Corporation, Randolph Central Schools Corporation, Randolph Eastern School Coroporation, Randolph Southern School Coroporation, and Monroe Central School Coroporation.

High Schools[]

  • Union High School-Modoc-Union School Coroporation
  • Randolph Southern High School-Lynn-Randolph Southern School Coroporation
  • Winchester Community High School-Winchester-Randolph Central School Coroporation
  • Union City High School-Union City-Randolph Eastern School Coroporation
  • Monroe Central High School-Parker City-Monroe Central School Coroporation

Jr. High/Middle Schools[]

  • Union Jr. High School
  • Randolph Southern Jr. High School
  • Driver Middle School-Winchester
  • West Side Middle School-Union City
  • Monroe Central Jr. High School

Elementary Schools[]

  • Union Elementary School
  • Randolph Southern Elementary School
  • Deerfield Elementary School-Winchester
  • Baker Elementary School-Winchester
  • Williard Elementary School-Winchester
  • North Side Elementary School-Union City
  • Monroe Central Elementary School

Notable residents[]


Major highways[]


  • Randolph County Airport


Modoc from the air, looking northeast.

Randolph County was formed in 1818. There is a dispute as to the origin of the name. Some say that the County was named for Randolph County. That County was named for Peyton Randolph, the first President of the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation

Another version is that the County was named for President Thomas Jefferson's first cousin, Thomas Randolph, who was Attorney General for the Indiana Territory, and who was killed in the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. One problem with this story is whether Thomas Randolph was killed at Tippecanoe. There was a Thomas Randolph listed in Capt. Benjamin Parke's Troop of Light Dragoons, but this Randolph is not shown as killed.

The obvious namesake would be Gov. Edmund Randolph of Virginia, who signed the law transferring the Northwest Territory from Virginia to the United States, allowing for the formation of the Indiana Territory. Edmund was the nephew of Peyton Randolph, and the executor of his estate. Historians have, however, studied this and rejected the obvious conclusion.

All of the above Randolphs were related, so that one can safely conclude that the County was named for this important, early colonial family.


Randolph County
Population by year

2000 27,401
1990 27,148
1980 29,997
1970 28,915
1960 28,434
1950 27,141
1940 26,766
1930 24,859
1920 26,484
1910 29,013
1900 28,653
1890 28,085
1880 26,435
1870 22,862
1860 18,997
1850 14,725
1840 10,684
1830 3,912
1820 1,808

As of the census² of 2000, there were 27,401 people, 10,937 households, and 7,798 families residing in the county. The population density was 23/km² (60/sq mi). There were 11,775 housing units at an average density of 10/km² (26/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 98.06% White, 0.26% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 1.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.3% were of American, 25.6% German, 11.5% English and 9.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 10,937 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,544, and the median income for a family was $40,855. Males had a median income of $30,951 versus $20,634 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,954. About 8.30% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.70% of those under age 18 and 8.30% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[]

File:Map of Randolph County Indiana With Municipal and Township Labels.PNG

Map of Randolph County, Indiana With Municipal and Township Labels


  • Union Township
  • Franklin Township
  • Green Township, Randolph County, Indiana|Green Township]]
  • Greensfork Township
  • Jackson Township
  • Monroe Township
  • Stoney Creek Township
  • Ward Township
  • Washington Township
  • Wayne Township
  • White River Township

Nettle Creek (Losantville) and West River (Modoc) Townships were combined to form Union Township.


  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

Coordinates: 40°09′N 85°01′W / 40.15, -85.01

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Randolph County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.