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Reno County, Kansas
Reno County Courthouse.jpg
Reno County Courthouse in Hutchinson (2008)
Map of Kansas highlighting Reno County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for Jesse Lee Reno
Seat Hutchinson
Largest city Hutchinson
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,272 sq mi (3,294 km²)
1,255 sq mi (3,250 km²)
17 sq mi (44 km²), 1.3%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

61,898
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Reno County (standard abbreviation: RN) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2020 census, the population was 61,898.[1] The largest city and county seat is Hutchinson.[2]

History[]

1915-1918 railroad map of Reno County

Early history[]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century[]

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1867, Reno County was established.

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway extended its main line from Herington to Pratt.[3] This main line connected Herington, Ramona, Tampa, Durham, Waldeck, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Groveland, Inman, Medora, Hutchinson, Whiteside, Partridge, Arlington, Langdon, Turon, Preston, Natrona, Pratt. In 1888, this main line was extended to Liberal. Later, this line was extended to Tucumcari, New Mexico and El Paso, Texas. This line is called the "Golden State Limited".

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,272 square miles (3,290 km2), of which 1,255 square miles (3,250 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (1.3%) is water.[4] It is the third-largest county by area in Kansas.

Adjacent counties[]

National protected area[]

  • Quivira National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 12,826
1890 27,079 111.1%
1900 29,027 7.2%
1910 37,853 30.4%
1920 44,423 17.4%
1930 47,785 7.6%
1940 52,165 9.2%
1950 54,058 3.6%
1960 59,055 9.2%
1970 60,765 2.9%
1980 64,983 6.9%
1990 62,389 −4.0%
2000 64,790 3.8%
2010 64,511 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2020[1]

Age pyramid

The Hutchinson Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Reno County.

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 64,790 people, 25,498 households, and 17,313 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km2). There were 27,625 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.56% White, 2.88% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.69% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. 5.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 25,498 households, out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.90% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.10% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.50% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,510, and the median income for a family was $42,643. Males had a median income of $31,495 versus $21,329 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,520. About 8.10% of families and 10.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.90% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government[]

Reno County is strongly Republican. The last time a Democratic candidate won the county was in 1976 when Jimmy Carter did so. However, 1988 was somewhat close as Michael Dukakis lost the county by only 5 percentage points due to a persistent drought and farm crisis.

Presidential elections[]

United States presidential election results for Reno County, Kansas[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 18,443 65.73% 8,886 31.67% 731 2.61%
2016 15,513 63.23% 6,837 27.87% 2,186 8.91%
2012 15,718 64.36% 8,085 33.11% 619 2.53%
2008 16,112 60.57% 9,916 37.28% 574 2.16%
2004 17,748 64.95% 9,114 33.36% 462 1.69%
2000 15,179 59.69% 9,025 35.49% 1,226 4.82%
1996 14,275 54.28% 9,108 34.63% 2,917 11.09%
1992 11,377 40.10% 9,257 32.63% 7,738 27.27%
1988 12,753 51.11% 11,545 46.27% 656 2.63%
1984 16,568 63.34% 9,229 35.28% 362 1.38%
1980 13,804 52.85% 9,615 36.81% 2,702 10.34%
1976 11,212 42.29% 14,620 55.14% 680 2.56%
1972 15,714 63.81% 8,183 33.23% 731 2.97%
1968 11,804 50.29% 9,872 42.06% 1,798 7.66%
1964 8,829 36.83% 14,936 62.30% 208 0.87%
1960 14,655 60.21% 9,557 39.27% 127 0.52%
1956 15,057 66.56% 7,461 32.98% 102 0.45%
1952 15,762 68.58% 6,555 28.52% 666 2.90%
1948 11,187 51.87% 9,957 46.17% 423 1.96%
1944 11,004 58.71% 7,604 40.57% 135 0.72%
1940 12,448 53.64% 10,543 45.43% 217 0.94%
1936 8,607 37.59% 14,203 62.03% 88 0.38%
1932 8,972 47.30% 9,351 49.29% 647 3.41%
1928 12,872 76.31% 3,843 22.78% 153 0.91%
1924 10,339 65.23% 3,675 23.18% 1,837 11.59%
1920 9,649 67.12% 4,385 30.50% 341 2.37%
1916 6,870 46.05% 6,683 44.80% 1,366 9.16%
1912 1,668 20.92% 3,360 42.13% 2,947 36.95%
1908 4,092 52.72% 3,381 43.56% 289 3.72%
1904 4,245 69.33% 1,423 23.24% 455 7.43%
1900 3,769 56.02% 2,859 42.49% 100 1.49%
1896 3,373 51.96% 3,051 47.00% 67 1.03%
1892 3,166 50.00% 0 0.00% 3,166 50.00%
1888 3,398 56.61% 1,841 30.67% 763 12.71%
1884 2,083 59.91% 1,170 33.65% 224 6.44%
1880 1,384 63.72% 536 24.68% 252 11.60%



Laws[]

Reno County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30 percent food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 2004.[11]

Education[]

Colleges[]

  • Hutchinson Community College

Unified school districts[]

  • Hutchinson USD 308
  • Nickerson-South Hutchinson USD 309
  • Fairfield USD 310
  • Pretty Prairie USD 311
  • Haven USD 312
  • Buhler USD 313

Private schools[]

There are three private schools in Hutchinson:

  • Central Christian School (K-12)
  • Trinity Catholic High School (7-12)
  • Holy Cross Catholic school (PreK-6)

Communities[]

2005 KDOT map of Reno County (map legend)

Cities[]

  • Abbyville
  • Arlington
  • Buhler
  • Haven
  • Hutchinson
  • Langdon
  • Nickerson
  • Partridge
  • Plevna
  • Pretty Prairie
  • South Hutchinson
  • Sylvia
  • The Highlands
  • Turon
  • Willowbrook

Census-designated place[]

  • Yoder

Other unincorporated communities[]

  • Castleton
  • Darlow
  • Medora
  • Pleasantview
  • St. Joe (Ost)

Ghost towns[]

  • Huntsville
  • Kent
  • Lerado
  • Olcott
  • Sego
  • Yaggy

Townships[]

Reno County is divided into thirty-one townships. The cities of Hutchinson and Nickerson are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km2 (/sq mi)
Land area
km2 (sq mi)
Water area
km2 (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Albion 00875 Pretty Prairie 837 9 (22) 97 (38) 0 (0) 0.02% 37°47′5″N 98°0′2″W / 37.78472, -98.00056
Arlington 02350 Arlington 621 7 (17) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 37°53′16″N 98°11′1″W / 37.88778, -98.18361
Bell 05350 87 1 (2) 98 (38) 0 (0) 0.11% 37°46′8″N 98°17′30″W / 37.76889, -98.29167
Castleton 11000 256 2 (5) 140 (54) 0 (0) 0.01% 37°51′44″N 97°57′6″W / 37.86222, -97.95167
Center 12050 Partridge 672 7 (19) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.17% 37°57′38″N 98°5′23″W / 37.96056, -98.08972
Clay 13600 3,302 38 (98) 88 (34) 1 (0) 0.58% 38°3′52″N 97°52′11″W / 38.06444, -97.86972
Enterprise 21475 139 1 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°3′0″N 98°11′34″W / 38.05, -98.19278
Grant 28025 1,307 11 (30) 114 (44) 1 (1) 1.25% 38°8′4″N 98°0′27″W / 38.13444, -98.0075
Grove 29025 64 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 37°51′47″N 98°24′58″W / 37.86306, -98.41611
Haven 30750 Haven 1,592 11 (29) 143 (55) 1 (0) 0.41% 37°53′56″N 97°46′46″W / 37.89889, -97.77944
Hayes 31000 106 1 (1) 186 (72) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°3′50″N 98°25′38″W / 38.06389, -98.42722
Huntsville 33550 118 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.11% 38°3′0″N 98°17′54″W / 38.05, -98.29833
Langdon 38525 Langdon 160 2 (4) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.16% 37°51′40″N 98°18′57″W / 37.86111, -98.31583
Lincoln 41050 703 8 (20) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.07% 37°57′46″N 97°58′7″W / 37.96278, -97.96861
Little River 41550 Buhler 1,881 20 (52) 93 (36) 1 (0) 0.57% 38°8′15″N 97°45′44″W / 38.1375, -97.76222
Loda 41700 119 1 (3) 98 (38) 0 (0) 0.27% 37°47′2″N 98°12′22″W / 37.78389, -98.20611
Medford 45450 144 2 (5) 83 (32) 0 (0) 0.18% 38°8′14″N 98°12′24″W / 38.13722, -98.20667
Medora 45600 1,594 21 (53) 77 (30) 0 (0) 0% 38°8′40″N 97°51′3″W / 38.14444, -97.85083
Miami 46125 Turon 521 5 (14) 98 (38) 0 (0) 0.15% 37°47′33″N 98°25′3″W / 37.7925, -98.4175
Ninnescah 50700 226 3 (7) 79 (31) 27 (10) 25.53% 37°47′9″N 97°51′27″W / 37.78583, -97.8575
Plevna 56750 Plevna 235 3 (6) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.04% 37°58′1″N 98°18′36″W / 37.96694, -98.31
Reno 58975 South Hutchinson 4,496 50 (129) 90 (35) 2 (1) 1.65% 38°2′31″N 97°57′27″W / 38.04194, -97.9575
Roscoe 61150 108 1 (3) 98 (38) 0 (0) 0% 37°46′11″N 98°4′23″W / 37.76972, -98.07306
Salt Creek 62850 483 3 (9) 139 (54) 1 (0) 0.39% 38°3′48″N 98°5′57″W / 38.06333, -98.09917
Sumner 69200 547 5 (13) 106 (41) 7 (3) 6.13% 37°46′24″N 97°45′51″W / 37.77333, -97.76417
Sylvia 69825 Sylvia 393 4 (11) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.34% 37°57′24″N 98°24′46″W / 37.95667, -98.41278
Troy 71600 112 1 (3) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.16% 37°51′56″N 98°5′25″W / 37.86556, -98.09028
Valley 73075 887 6 (16) 143 (55) 1 (0) 0.90% 38°0′33″N 97°45′2″W / 38.00917, -97.75056
Walnut 75100 114 1 (3) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°7′40″N 98°18′7″W / 38.12778, -98.30194
Westminster 77175 Abbyville 243 3 (7) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 37°57′48″N 98°12′23″W / 37.96333, -98.20639
Yoder 80775 742 8 (20) 96 (37) 1 (0) 1.03% 37°56′54″N 97°52′34″W / 37.94833, -97.87611

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Reno County, Kansas
  • Reno County Area Transit, known as Rcat, provides public transportation for the citizens of the county.

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas


References[]

Notes

Further reading[]

Template:Kansas books

External links[]

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Reno County, Kansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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