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Richland County, Ohio
Richland Co CIMG9449.JPG
Richland County Courthouse
Seal of Richland County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Richland County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1813
Named for their fertile soil
Seat Mansfield
Largest city Mansfield
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

500 sq mi (1,295 km²)
495 sq mi (1,282 km²)
4.8 sq mi (12 km²), 1.0%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

124,936
auto/sq mi (Expression error: Unrecognized word "auto"./km²)
Congressional districts 7th, 12th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.richlandcountyoh.us

Richland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 124,936.[1] Its county seat is Mansfield.[2] The county was created in 1808 and later organized in 1813.[3] It is named for the fertile soil found there.[4]

Richland County is included in the Mansfield, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Mansfield-Ashland-Bucyrus, OH Combined Statistical Area. The county is one of the six Metropolitan Statistical Areas that make up Northeast Ohio.

History[]

At its formation in 1806 Richland County encompassed a larger area. The land was mainly forest. Settlers cleared the land for farming and the population increased. In 1846, some eastern portions of the county (such as Green Township) were separated to contribute to formation of Ashland County.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 500 square miles (1,300 km2), of which 495 square miles (1,280 km2) is land and 4.8 square miles (12 km2) (1.0%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 9,169
1830 24,006 161.8%
1840 44,532 85.5%
1850 30,879 −30.7%
1860 31,158 0.9%
1870 32,516 4.4%
1880 36,306 11.7%
1890 38,072 4.9%
1900 44,289 16.3%
1910 47,667 7.6%
1920 55,178 15.8%
1930 65,902 19.4%
1940 73,853 12.1%
1950 91,305 23.6%
1960 117,761 29.0%
1970 129,997 10.4%
1980 131,205 0.9%
1990 126,137 −3.9%
2000 128,852 2.2%
2010 124,475 −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2020 [10]

2000 census[]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 128,852 people, 49,534 households, and 34,277 families living in the county. The population density was 259 people per square mile (100/km2). There were 53,062 housing units at an average density of 107 per square mile (41/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.16% White, 9.43% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 96.0% spoke English, 1.2% German and 1.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 49,534 households, out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.80% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 101.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,397, and the median income for a family was $45,036. Males had a median income of $35,425 versus $22,859 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,582. About 8.20% of families and 10.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.30% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 124,475 people, 48,921 households, and 32,510 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 251.3 inhabitants per square mile (97.0 /km2). There were 54,599 housing units at an average density of 110.2 per square mile (42.5 /km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 87.5% white, 9.4% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 30.6% were German, 13.3% were Irish, 12.6% were English, and 8.0% were American.[14]

Of the 48,921 households, 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.5% were non-families, and 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 40.9 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $42,664 and the median income for a family was $54,637. Males had a median income of $42,919 versus $31,228 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,459. About 8.6% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.9% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Politics[]

Prior to 1944, Richland County was Democratic in presidential elections, only voting for Republican candidates four times from 1856 to 1940. But starting with the 1944 election, it has become a Republican stronghold for presidential elections, with Lyndon B. Johnson being the only Democrat to win since then.

United States presidential election results for Richland County, Ohio[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 41,472 69.15% 17,640 29.41% 863 1.44%
2016 36,590 66.02% 16,085 29.02% 2,749 4.96%
2012 33,867 58.59% 22,687 39.25% 1,252 2.17%
2008 34,034 55.58% 25,727 42.01% 1,478 2.41%
2004 36,872 59.62% 24,638 39.84% 330 0.53%
2000 30,138 57.10% 20,572 38.98% 2,069 3.92%
1996 23,697 46.06% 20,832 40.49% 6,922 13.45%
1992 23,532 41.50% 19,606 34.58% 13,559 23.91%
1988 30,047 60.04% 19,617 39.20% 383 0.77%
1984 35,299 68.10% 16,141 31.14% 396 0.76%
1980 29,213 57.48% 18,253 35.91% 3,358 6.61%
1976 24,310 49.36% 23,065 46.83% 1,876 3.81%
1972 31,117 68.18% 13,468 29.51% 1,056 2.31%
1968 23,484 53.63% 14,988 34.23% 5,315 12.14%
1964 18,833 43.16% 24,799 56.84% 0 0.00%
1960 27,317 58.17% 19,645 41.83% 0 0.00%
1956 26,098 65.78% 13,578 34.22% 0 0.00%
1952 25,829 63.60% 14,780 36.40% 0 0.00%
1948 15,894 51.46% 14,712 47.63% 280 0.91%
1944 18,065 53.97% 15,406 46.03% 0 0.00%
1940 17,157 47.92% 18,645 52.08% 0 0.00%
1936 11,220 34.25% 20,070 61.27% 1,468 4.48%
1932 12,531 44.36% 15,225 53.90% 493 1.75%
1928 18,468 71.28% 7,295 28.16% 146 0.56%
1924 12,013 55.50% 6,703 30.97% 2,929 13.53%
1920 10,940 52.78% 9,349 45.11% 438 2.11%
1916 4,886 39.78% 6,985 56.87% 412 3.35%
1912 2,389 22.33% 5,201 48.62% 3,108 29.05%
1908 5,301 43.01% 6,702 54.37% 323 2.62%
1904 5,587 48.85% 5,407 47.27% 444 3.88%
1900 5,461 44.90% 6,581 54.11% 120 0.99%
1896 5,115 44.70% 6,256 54.67% 73 0.64%
1892 3,994 40.77% 5,398 55.10% 404 4.12%
1888 4,188 43.43% 5,198 53.90% 258 2.68%
1884 4,018 42.93% 5,191 55.47% 150 1.60%
1880 4,032 45.11% 4,885 54.65% 22 0.25%
1876 3,649 45.18% 4,407 54.56% 21 0.26%
1872 3,369 47.71% 3,672 52.00% 20 0.28%
1868 3,300 46.78% 3,754 53.22% 0 0.00%
1864 3,194 48.41% 3,404 51.59% 0 0.00%
1860 3,023 47.60% 3,135 49.36% 193 3.04%
1856 2,726 47.93% 2,909 51.14% 53 0.93%



The Republican Party called itself the Union Party in 1864 and gave out this ballot for supporters to vote for Abraham Lincoln.

Government[]

County officials[]

  • Commissioners: Cliff Mears, Darrell Banks, Tony Vero
  • Prosecutor: Gary Bishop
  • Sheriff: J. Steve Sheldon
  • Auditor: Patrick W. Dropsey
  • Treasurer: Bart Hamilton
  • Recorder: Sarah Davis
  • Clerk of Courts: Linda H. Frary
  • Engineer: Adam Gove
  • Judges of the Court of Common Pleas: Phillip Naumoff and Brent Robinson
  • Judges of the Domestic Relations Court: Heather Cockley
  • Judges of the Juvenile Court: (William) Steven McKinley
  • Judges of the Probate Court: Kelly Badnell

Communities[]

Map of Richland County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities[]

Villages[]

  • Bellville
  • Butler
  • Crestline (part)
  • Lexington
  • Lucas
  • Plymouth (part)
  • Shiloh

Townships[]

  • Bloominggrove
  • Butler
  • Cass
  • Franklin
  • Jackson
  • Jefferson
  • Madison
  • Mifflin
  • Monroe
  • Perry
  • Plymouth
  • Sandusky
  • Sharon
  • Springfield
  • Troy
  • Washington
  • Weller
  • Worthington

Census-designated places[]

  • Lincoln Heights
  • Roseland

Other unincorporated communities[]

  • Adario
  • Alta
  • Amoy
  • Bangorville
  • Bethlehem
  • Coulter
  • Crimson
  • Culler Mill
  • Darlington
  • East Mansfield
  • Epworth
  • Fleming Falls
  • Ganges
  • Hanley Village
  • Hastings
  • Little Washington
  • Lockhart
  • London
  • Millsboro
  • Olivesburg
  • Pavonia
  • Pinhook
  • Planktown
  • Rome
  • Shenandoah
  • Spring Mill
  • Taylortown
  • Vernon Junction
  • Washington
  • Windsor
  • Wooster Heights

Ghost towns[]

  • Newville
  • Winchester

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Richland County, Ohio

References[]

  1. ^ 2020 census
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies". Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/OH_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm. 
  4. ^ "Richland County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. http://www.osuedc.org/profiles/profile_entrance.php?fips=39139&sid=0. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_39.txt. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/oh190090.txt. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  10. ^ 2020 census
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US39139. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US39139. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US39139. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US39139. 
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

Further reading[]

  • A.J. Baughman, A Centennial Biographical History of Richland County, Ohio. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co., 1901.
  • Abraham J. Baughman, History of Richland County, Ohio from 1808 to 1908: Also Biographical Sketches of Prominent Citizens of the County. In Two Volumes. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1908. [Volume 1] | Volume 2
  • A.A. Graham, History of Richland County, Ohio (Including the Original Boundaries), Its Past and Present: Containing a Condensed Comprehensive History of Ohio, Including an Outline History of the Northwest; A Complete History of Richland County Including Its Townships, Cities, Towns and Villages, Schools, Churches, Societies, Industries, etc.; A History of Its Soldiers in the Late War; Portraits of Its Early Settlers and Prominent Men. Mansfield, Ohio: A.A. Graham Publishing Co., 1880.
  • Biographical History of Richland County, Ohio, 1983. Lexington, OH: Richland County Genealogical Society, 1983.

External links[]

Coordinates: 40°47′N 82°32′W / 40.78, -82.54

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