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Rožňava
Hungarian: Rozsnyó
German: Rosenau
Latin: Rosnavia
—  Town  —
Town tower of Rožňava

Coat of arms
Rožňava District in Kosice Region



Rožňava is located in Slovakia
Rožňava
Location of Rožňava in Slovakia



Rožňava is located in Košice Region
Rožňava
Location of Rožňava in Košice Region
Coordinates: 48°39′30″N 20°31′51″E / 48.65833, 20.53083
Country  Slovakia
Region Košice
Districts of Slovakia Rožňava
First mentioned 1291
Government
 • Mayor Pavol Burdiga
Area
 • Total 45.61 km2 (17.61 sq mi)
Elevation 313 m (1,027 ft)
Population (31/12/2014)
 • Total 18 368
 • Density 403/km2 (1,040/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 048 01
Area code 421-58
Vehicle registration RV
Website http://www.roznava.sk/

Rožňava (Hungarian: Rozsnyó, German: Rosenau, Latin: Rosnavia) is a town in Rožňava District, Košice Region of Slovakia, approximately 71 kilometres (44 miles) by road from Košice in the Košice Region, and has a population of 19,505.

The town is an economic and tourist centre of the Gemer. Rožňava is now a popular tourist attraction with a beautiful historic town centre. The town is an episcopal seat. It has above all food, textile and remnants of mining industries.

History[]

Archaeological finds show that the region was densely settled by miners as early as around 1200. The first written mention stems from 1291, the royal free town status from 1410. The Roman Catholic diocese of Rožňava was founded in 1776.

In the Middle Ages, Rožňava was a prosperous mining town for gold, silver, and iron. Mining activities stagnated from the 16th century (when territories to the south of the town were conquered by Ottoman Turks). Mining - this time mainly of iron ore - was renewed around 1800 and was present in the town throughout the 20th century.

The name of the town probably derives from the German and/or Hungarian words for rose (Rose and Rózsa, respectively).

During World War II, Rožňava was captured on 23 January 1945 by troops of the Romanian 4th Army, acting as a part of the Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front.

On 13 September 2003, Rožňava was visited by Pope John Paul II.

Noteworthy buildings[]

  • an important Mining Museum
  • a completely preserved medieval central town square with burgher houses
  • the Cathedral (Gothic, late 13th century) with many precious historic art objects, especially a Renaissance painting of Mestercia showing realistic mining motifs
  • the Town Tower (Renaissance, 1654) in the middle of the central town square
  • the Jesuit church (Baroque, 1687)
  • the Bishop's residence (Baroque-Classical, arose 1778 from older houses) with a plague column in front of the building
  • a town hall (Classical, 1711)
  • an Evangelic Lutheran church (Classical, 1786)
  • a Reformed church (neo-Gothic, 1905)

Demographics[]

According to the 2001 census, the town had 19,261 inhabitants. 69.27% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 26.80% Hungarians, 1.59% Roma and 0.69% Czechs.[1] The religious make-up was 41.08% Roman Catholics, 32.34% people with no religious affiliation, 12.03% Lutherans and 1.33% Greek Catholics.[1]

Notable citizens[]

  • Pavel Jozef Šafárik, poet and philologist.
  • Dana Velďáková, triple jumper
  • Jana Velďáková, long jumper
  • Henrieta Farkašová, gold medal winner at the 2010 Winter Paralympics and at 2014 Sochi Paralympics

Parts of the town[]

  • Nadabula
  • Rožňava (proper)
  • Rožňavská Baňa (Rožňava Mine)
  • Krásnohorská jaskyňa (Krásnohorská Cave)

International relations[]

Twin towns — Sister cities[]

Rožňava is twinned with:

  • Serbia Bačka Topola
  • Poland Cieszyn
  • Czech Republic Český Těšín
  • Switzerland Glarus
  • Hungary Szerencs

References[]

Notes
  1. ^ a b "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2007-12-17. http://web.archive.org/web/20071217080336/http://www.statistics.sk/mosmis/eng/run.html. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 

External links[]


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