Rogneda Rotvolodovna of Polotsk was born 962 to Rogvolod (c920-978) and died 1002 of unspecified causes.

Rogneda of Polotsk (962–1002) is the Slavic name for Ragnhild, was a Princess consort of Rus. She was the daughter of Ragnvald (Slavic: Rogvolod) came from Scandinavia and established himself at Polotsk in the mid-10th century.


It has been speculated that Rogneda belonged to the Ynglings royal family of Norway. In or about 980, Vladimir, on learning that she was betrothed to his half-brother Yaropolk I of Kiev, took Polotsk and forced Rogneda to marry him. Having raped Rogneda in the presence of her parents, he ordered them to be killed, along with two of Rogneda's brothers.

Rogneda gave him several children. The four sons were Izyaslav of Polotsk, Yaroslav I of Kiev, Mstislav of Chernigov and Vsevolod of Volhynia. She also bore four daughters, one of whom is named by Nestor the Chronicler as Predslava (taken as a concubine of Bolesław I of Poland, according to Gallus). A later chronicle tells a story, most likely taken from a Norse saga, of Rogneda plotting against Vladimir and asking her elder son, Izyaslav, to kill him. As was the Norse royal custom, she was sent with her elder son to govern the land of her parents, i.e. Polotsk. Izyaslav's descendents continued to rule Polotsk and the newly found town of Izyaslavl until the Mongol invasion.

After Vladimir converted to Christianity and took Anna Porphyrogeneta as his wife, he had to divorce all his previous wives, including Rogneda. After that, she entered the convent and took the name Anastasia.


Around 1825 Kondraty Ryleev wrote a narrative poem entitled Rogneda. This poem became a literary source for her portrayal in the nationalist Russian opera Rogneda by Alexander Serov, which premiered in 1865.

See also

  • Family life and children of Vladimir I
  • List of rape victims from history and mythology
Russian royaltyWp globe tiny.gif
Title last held by
Last known consort: Olga of Kiev
Grand Princess consort of Kiev
Title next held by
Next known consort: Malfrida


Offspring of Vladimir I Svyatoslavich of Kiev (c958-1015) and Rogneda Rotvolodovna of Polotsk
Name Birth Death Joined with
Izyaslav Vladimirovich of Polotsk (c978-1001) 978 1001
Yaroslav I Vladimirovich of Kiev (c978-1054) 978 20 February 1054 NN
Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden (1001-1050)
Mstislav Vladimirovich (c982-c982) 982 982
Mstislav Vladimirovich of Chernigov (c983-1036) 983 1036 Chernigov, Chernihiv Rayon, Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine Anastasia
Vsevolod Vladimirovich of Volhynia (c984-1013) 1084 1113
Predslava Vladimirovna (c983-c1025) 983 1025
Premyslava Vladimirovna (c985-1015) 985 1015
Mstislava Vladimirovna (c986-c1030) 986 1030

Offspring of unknown parent and Rogneda Rotvolodovna of Polotsk
Name Birth Death Joined with
Svyatoslav of Smolensk (c982-1015)


Offspring of Rogvolod (c920-978) and unknown parent
Name Birth Death Joined with
Rogneda Rogvolodovna of Polotsk (962-1002) 962 1002 Vladimir I Svyatoslavich of Kiev (c958-1015)


Footnotes (including sources)