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Russell County, Alabama
New Russell County Courthouse.JPG
County courthouse in Phenix City
Map of Alabama highlighting Russell County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 18, 1832
Named for Gilbert C. Russell
Seat Phenix City
Largest city Phenix City
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

647 sq mi (1,676 km²)
641 sq mi (1,660 km²)
6.1 sq mi (16 km²), 0.9
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

59,183
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.rcala.com
Footnotes: *County Number 57 on Alabama Licence Plates
  • Officially in Central Time, but Phenix City unofficially uses Eastern Time

Russell County is a county in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2020 census, the population was 59,183.[1] Its county seat is Phenix City.[2] Its name is in honor of Colonel Gilbert C. Russell, who fought in the wars against the Creek Indians.

Russell County is part of the Columbus, GA-AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

Russell County was established by an act of the state general assembly on December 18, 1832, from lands ceded to the state by the Creek Native Americans. The county seat has changed several times: Girard (1833–1839), Crawford originally Crockettsville (1839–1868), Seale (1868–1935) and Phenix City (1935–present). It was named for War of 1812, Col. Gilbert Christian Russell, Sr., 1782–1861, 3rd U.S. Infantry.

In the 1940s and 1950s, Russell County and especially its county seat, Phenix City gained a reputation of lawlessness, political corruption and being a den for vice such as organized crime, prostitution, and gambling.[3] The city police and county deputies also took part in the corruption.[4] In 1954, the local politician Albert Patterson won the Democratic nomination for Alabama Attorney General on a platform of ridding the city of corruption and crime. Patterson ran for a state office since he was unable to run in local elections, as they were rigged. On June 18, 1954, Patterson was shot and killed by an unknown assassin.[3] The murder set off a series of events that led to Governor Gordon Persons declaring martial law in the county and city because of its lawlessness on July 22 that year. That was the only time since the Reconstruction era that martial law was declared in a US city for reasons other than civil unrest or natural disaster.[5] The Alabama National Guard was called in to assume the role of the police and clean up the area of illegal activities. The state of martial law was rescinded on January 17, 1955, with Russell County and Phenix City both returning to civilian control.[6][7] In 1974, the New York Times noted that the campaign as very successful and led to a relatively-low crime rate in Phenix City for the 20 years since then.[8]

Geography[]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 647 square miles (1,680 km2), of which 641 square miles (1,660 km2) is land and 6.1 square miles (16 km2) (0.9%) is water.[9] The county is located in the Gulf Coastal Plain region, with a few rolling hills due to its close proximity to the fall line of the eastern United States.

Major highways[]

  • US 80.svg U.S. Highway 80
  • US 280.svg U.S. Highway 280
  • US 431.svg U.S. Highway 431
  • Alabama 26.svg State Route 26
  • Alabama 51.svg State Route 51
  • Alabama 165.svg State Route 165
  • Alabama 169.svg State Route 169
  • Alabama 208.svg State Route 208

Adjacent counties[]

National protected area[]

  • Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 13,513
1850 19,548 44.7%
1860 26,592 36.0%
1870 21,636 −18.6%
1880 24,837 14.8%
1890 24,093 −3.0%
1900 27,083 12.4%
1910 25,937 −4.2%
1920 27,448 5.8%
1930 27,377 −0.3%
1940 35,775 30.7%
1950 40,364 12.8%
1960 46,351 14.8%
1970 45,394 −2.1%
1980 47,356 4.3%
1990 46,860 −1.0%
2000 49,756 6.2%
2010 52,947 6.4%
Est. 2021 58,722 [10] 18.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790–1960[12] 1900–1990[13]
1990–2000[14] 2010–2020[1]

2020 census[]

Russell County racial composition[15]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 26,679 45.08%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 25,930 43.81%
Native American 180 0.3%
Asian 408 0.69%
Pacific Islander 128 0.22%
Other/Mixed 2,663 4.5%
Hispanic or Latino 3,195 5.4%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 59,183 people, 23,262 households, and 14,948 families residing in the county.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States census, there were 52,947 people living in the county. 53.7% were White, 41.8% Black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% Native American, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.3% of some other race and 2.1% of two or more races. 3.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

2000 census[]

As of the census of 2000, there were 49,756 people, 19,741 households, and 13,423 families living in the county. The population density was 78 people per square mile (30/km2). There were 22,831 housing units, at an average density of 14/km2 (36/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was: 56.69% White, 40.84% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Nearly 1.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 19,741 households, out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 44.40% were married couples living together, 18.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49, and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.50% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,492, and the median income for a family was $34,004. Males had a median income of $28,696 versus $20,882 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,015. About 16.80% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.50% of those under age 18 and 19.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government[]

Russell County trends Democratic in presidential elections; having last supported a Republican in 1972 when it voted for President Nixon. President Bush came within 38 votes of carrying the county in 2004.

United States presidential election results for Russell County, Alabama[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 9,864 46.25% 11,228 52.64% 237 1.11%
2016 9,210 47.83% 9,579 49.75% 467 2.43%
2012 8,278 43.78% 10,500 55.53% 132 0.70%
2008 8,705 46.02% 10,085 53.32% 125 0.66%
2004 8,337 49.60% 8,375 49.82% 97 0.58%
2000 6,198 41.95% 8,396 56.83% 181 1.23%
1996 5,025 36.69% 7,834 57.20% 836 6.10%
1992 5,587 35.61% 8,647 55.12% 1,455 9.27%
1988 6,333 48.40% 6,589 50.35% 164 1.25%
1984 6,654 46.04% 7,610 52.66% 188 1.30%
1980 4,485 33.22% 8,123 60.17% 892 6.61%
1976 4,150 32.96% 8,077 64.14% 365 2.90%
1972 6,034 66.73% 2,644 29.24% 365 4.04%
1968 704 6.26% 2,707 24.07% 7,834 69.67%
1964 4,877 76.04% 0 0.00% 1,537 23.96%
1960 1,770 33.41% 3,480 65.69% 48 0.91%
1956 1,265 28.24% 3,060 68.32% 154 3.44%
1952 867 19.55% 3,564 80.38% 3 0.07%
1948 94 5.29% 0 0.00% 1,682 94.71%
1944 115 5.16% 2,109 94.66% 4 0.18%
1940 48 1.93% 2,435 97.95% 3 0.12%
1936 66 2.93% 2,181 96.68% 9 0.40%
1932 46 2.26% 1,984 97.40% 7 0.34%
1928 333 27.82% 846 70.68% 18 1.50%
1924 14 2.70% 474 91.33% 31 5.97%
1920 29 3.88% 671 89.71% 48 6.42%
1916 3 0.40% 752 99.08% 4 0.53%
1912 4 0.25% 1,553 96.22% 57 3.53%
1908 32 5.64% 516 91.01% 19 3.35%
1904 21 3.54% 558 94.10% 14 2.36%
1900 135 8.59% 1,416 90.13% 20 1.27%
1896 773 31.47% 1,645 66.98% 38 1.55%
1892 10 0.27% 2,150 58.65% 1,506 41.08%
1888 1,088 35.58% 1,970 64.42% 0 0.00%



Communities[]

City[]

Town[]

  • Hurtsboro

Census-designated place[]

  • Ladonia

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Cottonton
  • Crawford
  • Fort Mitchell
  • Glenville
  • Hatchechubbee
  • Holy Trinity
  • Hooks
  • Jernigan
  • Pittsview
  • Seale
  • Uchee
  • Wende

Former City[]

  • Girard (merged with Phenix City in 1923)

Notable person[]

  • James Abercrombie, United States Congressman from Alabama, resided here.[17]

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Russell County, Alabama
  • Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Russell County, Alabama

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/russellcountyalabama/PST045221. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ a b Coakley, Scheips & Demma 1971, p. 35
  4. ^ Grady 2005, pp. 5–6
  5. ^ Stewart 1998, pp. 200–201
  6. ^ Coakley , Scheips & Demma 1971, p. 36
  7. ^ Bernstein 2009, p. 98
  8. ^ Jenkins, Ray (June 18, 1974). "Phenix City Ala., Is Staying Clean". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1974/06/18/archives/phenix-city-ala-is-staying-clean-son-of-murdered-reformer-hails.html. 
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_01.txt. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". https://www.census.gov/data/tables/time-series/demo/popest/2020s-counties-total.html. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  13. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/al190090.txt. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  15. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US01113&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  16. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/. 
  17. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

Sources[]

External links[]

Coordinates: 32°17′12″N 85°11′38″W / 32.28667, -85.19389

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Russell County, Alabama. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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