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Saline County, Kansas
Smoky Hills Museum.png
Smoky Hills Museum in Salina (2013)
Map of Kansas highlighting Saline County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 15, 1860
Named for Saline River
Seat Salina
Largest city Salina
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

721 sq mi (1,867 km²)
720 sq mi (1,865 km²)
1.1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.2
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

54,303
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Saline County (standard abbreviation: SA) is located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2020 census, the county population was 54,303.[1] The largest city and county seat is Salina.[2]

History[]

1915 Railroad Map of Saline County

Early history[]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per [cre. In 1848, after the Mexican–American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

19th century[]

In 1860, Saline County was founded.

20th century[]

Saline County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 1994.[3]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 721 square miles (1,870 km2), of which 720 square miles (1,900 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 4,246
1880 13,808 225.2%
1890 17,442 26.3%
1900 17,076 −2.1%
1910 20,338 19.1%
1920 25,103 23.4%
1930 29,337 16.9%
1940 29,535 0.7%
1950 33,409 13.1%
1960 54,715 63.8%
1970 46,592 −14.8%
1980 48,905 5.0%
1990 49,301 0.8%
2000 53,597 8.7%
2010 55,606 3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2020[1]

Population pyramid based on 2000 census age data

Saline County is part of the Salina Micropolitan Statistical Area.[9]

2000 census[]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 53,597 people, 21,436 households, and 14,212 families residing in the county. The population density was 74 people per square mile (29/km2). There were 22,695 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.17% White, 3.10% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 1.70% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.33% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. 6.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 21,436 households in the county, out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.70% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.20% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,308, and the median income for a family was $46,362. Males had a median income of $31,509 versus $22,047 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,073. About 6.00% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.60% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government[]

Board of Commissioners[]

Saline County is governed by a Board of Commissioners. The commission enacts the annual budget for the county, currently set at about $38,000,000, creates policy to be implemented by the county administrator, approves contracts, and oversees legislation relating to the health, safety, and well-being of the county's citizens.[11]

The Board of Commissioners has three members, one elected from each of the three commission districts. Commissioners are elected on a partisan basis.[11] The districts are reapportioned every three years, with the three districts being equally populated. Term lengths are four years.[11]

Current representatives on the Board of Commissioners are John Price (District 3; vice chairman), Monte Shadwick (District 1; secretary), and Jim Gile (District 2; chairman).[11] In 2014, citizens voted to change the number of commissioners from three to five. The group, “Drive for Five”, successfully campaigned for better representation of the people. Monte Shadwick easily won against long time commissioner Randy Duncan.

Governor Sam Brownback was tasked with appointing the two new commission members that will serve for two years and then be up for election by the people. On January 12, 2015, Luci Larson and Dave Smith were appointed to the newly created 4th and 5th Districts.[12]

County administrator[]

The county administrator is hired by the Board of Commissioners and is the administrative officer for the county. The administrator is responsible for researching administrative and operational issues and then presenting suggestions for improvement in government efficiency to the Board of Commissioners and for reviewing all requests for action brought to the Board of Commissioners. The county administrator also implements policies enacted by the Board of Commissioners, prepares the annual budget, and "supervises accounts payable, payroll, human resource division and central purchasing for the county."[13] As needed, the county administrator will represent the county on boards and commissions.[13]

The current county administrator is Andrew Manley.[13]

Presidential elections[]

United States presidential election results for Saline County, Kansas[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 15,722 63.85% 8,214 33.36% 688 2.79%
2016 13,828 62.67% 6,317 28.63% 1,919 8.70%
2012 13,840 64.38% 7,040 32.75% 616 2.87%
2008 14,165 62.16% 8,186 35.92% 437 1.92%
2004 15,111 65.58% 7,524 32.65% 406 1.76%
2000 12,412 57.66% 7,487 34.78% 1,628 7.56%
1996 12,475 55.34% 7,728 34.28% 2,338 10.37%
1992 8,565 36.26% 7,890 33.40% 7,168 30.34%
1988 11,371 57.96% 7,998 40.77% 249 1.27%
1984 15,244 69.41% 6,526 29.72% 191 0.87%
1980 12,758 60.27% 6,382 30.15% 2,029 9.58%
1976 11,218 55.79% 8,476 42.15% 413 2.05%
1972 12,592 68.74% 5,406 29.51% 321 1.75%
1968 9,324 55.43% 6,286 37.37% 1,212 7.20%
1964 6,533 39.94% 9,725 59.45% 99 0.61%
1960 11,023 62.74% 6,495 36.97% 50 0.28%
1956 11,172 69.32% 4,908 30.45% 37 0.23%
1952 12,326 75.12% 4,003 24.40% 80 0.49%
1948 7,928 53.14% 6,798 45.56% 194 1.30%
1944 7,571 59.51% 5,097 40.06% 55 0.43%
1940 7,975 54.69% 6,514 44.67% 92 0.63%
1936 6,061 43.35% 7,872 56.30% 50 0.36%
1932 5,265 41.22% 7,118 55.73% 389 3.05%
1928 7,872 71.20% 3,108 28.11% 76 0.69%
1924 6,534 62.20% 1,966 18.71% 2,005 19.09%
1920 5,554 64.42% 2,808 32.57% 260 3.02%
1916 3,984 43.25% 4,860 52.76% 368 3.99%
1912 534 11.15% 2,263 47.23% 1,994 41.62%
1908 2,297 50.15% 2,134 46.59% 149 3.25%
1904 2,797 70.35% 798 20.07% 381 9.58%
1900 2,245 49.67% 2,199 48.65% 76 1.68%
1896 1,706 42.01% 2,334 57.47% 21 0.52%
1892 1,817 45.17% 0 0.00% 2,206 54.83%
1888 2,263 57.97% 1,186 30.38% 455 11.65%
1884 2,384 67.44% 1,053 29.79% 98 2.77%
1880 1,950 67.64% 838 29.07% 95 3.30%



Saline County is a Republican stronghold: the last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964, who was also the last Democrat to carry the state's electoral votes. Saline has voted for the statewide winner in every presidential election since 1872, including for James Weaver in 1892.[15]

Education[]

Colleges and universities[]

  • Kansas State University Polytechnic Campus in Salina
  • Kansas Wesleyan University in Salina
  • Salina Area Technical College in Salina

Unified school districts[]

  • Salina USD 305
  • Southeast of Saline USD 306
  • Ell-Saline USD 307
School district office in neighboring county
  • Twin Valley USD 240
  • Solomon USD 393
  • Smoky Valley USD 400

Private schools[]

  • St. John's Military School
  • Sacred Heart High School

Communities[]

2005 KDOT Map of Saline County (map legend)

Cities[]

Unincorporated communities[]

†This populated place is designated a Census-Designated Place (CDP) by the United States Census Bureau.

  • Bavaria
  • Bridgeport
  • Falun
  • Glendale
  • Hedville
  • Kipp
  • Mentor
  • Salemsborg
  • Shipton
  • Trenton

Townships[]

Saline County is divided into eighteen townships. The city of Salina is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km2 (/sq mi)
Land area
km2 (sq mi)
Water area
km2 (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Cambria 10100 New Cambria 450 5 (13) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.16% 38°54′3″N 97°31′44″W / 38.90083, -97.52889
Dayton 17125 134 1 (4) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.08% 38°55′0″N 97°25′18″W / 38.916667, -97.42167
Elm Creek 20650 828 9 (23) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.39% 38°54′8″N 97°38′55″W / 38.90222, -97.64861
Eureka 21925 Gypsum 664 7 (18) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.05% 38°43′20″N 97°25′36″W / 38.72222, -97.42667
Falun 22925 260 1 (4) 186 (72) 0 (0) 0.26% 38°39′26″N 97°47′14″W / 38.65722, -97.78722
Glendale 26475 104 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.30% 38°53′57″N 97°52′33″W / 38.89917, -97.87583
Greeley 28375 809 10 (26) 79 (31) 0 (0) 0.09% 38°50′21″N 97°32′35″W / 38.83917, -97.54306
Gypsum 29275 193 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% 38°39′35″N 97°25′22″W / 38.65972, -97.42278
Liberty 40350 183 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.44% 38°39′19″N 97°32′48″W / 38.65528, -97.54667
Ohio 52425 463 5 (13) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.13% 38°49′12″N 97°45′9″W / 38.82, -97.7525
Pleasant Valley 56625 422 5 (12) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.43% 38°55′18″N 97°46′15″W / 38.92167, -97.77083
Smoky Hill 66050 324 5 (14) 59 (23) 0 (0) 0.10% 38°50′21″N 97°39′35″W / 38.83917, -97.65972
Smoky View 66075 Assaria 954 10 (27) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°39′25″N 97°37′34″W / 38.65694, -97.62611
Smolan 66125 749 9 (23) 85 (33) 0 (0) 0.15% 38°44′24″N 97°38′26″W / 38.74, -97.64056
Solomon 66375 311 3 (9) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°49′56″N 97°26′14″W / 38.83222, -97.43722
Spring Creek 67500 Brookville 395 2 (6) 185 (72) 1 (0) 0.38% 38°46′42″N 97°51′47″W / 38.77833, -97.86306
Walnut 75125 553 6 (15) 93 (36) 1 (0) 0.79% 38°44′52″N 97°32′55″W / 38.74778, -97.54861
Washington 75725 122 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.04% 38°45′4″N 97°45′10″W / 38.75111, -97.75278

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Saline County, Kansas
  • Rolling Hills Zoo

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas


References[]

  1. ^ a b "QuickFacts; Saline County, Kansas; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/salinecountykansas/POP010220. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. http://www.ksrevenue.org/abcwetdrymap.htm. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ks190090.txt. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  9. ^ Nussle, Jim (2008-11-20). "Micropolitan Statistical Areas". List 1-9. Office of Management and Budget, Executive Office of the President. p. 97. https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/omb/assets/omb/bulletins/fy2009/09-01.pdf. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Saline County - Board of Commissioners". Saline County, Kansas. http://www.saline.org/Commissioners/tabid/1200/Default.aspx. 
  12. ^ http://salina.com/news/new-commissioners-respond-to-county-issues/article_4441b2da-7066-5250-9654-400658f7b1bf.html
  13. ^ a b c "Administrator". Saline County, Kansas. http://www.saline.org/AdministrationDepartment/Administrator/tabid/1184/Default.aspx. 
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  15. ^ The Political Graveyard: Saline County, Kansas

Further reading[]

Template:Kansas books

External links[]

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Coordinates: 38°47′N 97°40′W / 38.783, -97.667


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Saline County, Kansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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