Samuel Eaton was born circa 1619 in England to Francis Eaton (1596-1633) and Sarah Morton (c1600-1621) and died 29 October 1684 Middleborough, Plymouth County, Massachusetts of unspecified causes. He married Elizabeth Unknown (c1620-) 1646 in Plymouth County, Massachusetts.

SAMUEL, only known child of Francis & Sarah Eaton, was born in late 1619 or early 1620; apprenticed 13 August 1636 to John Cooke the younger for seven years. He married (1) by 1646 Elizabeth _____, who died after 1652 and before 1661. He married (2) Plymouth 10 January 1660[/1] Martha Billington (1639-1704), his stepsister. Source: Anderson's Great Migration Begins

Samuel Eaton was the only child of Sarah and Francis Eaton, a carpenter from Bristol. He was an infant when he and his parents arrived in Plymouth in 1620 on the Mayflower. Samuel's mother, Sarah, died the first winter of 1621. Francis remarried (his second wife's last name is unknown, her first name was Dorothy; she is believed to be the unnamed Carver maidservant listed as a Mayflower passenger by Bradford). Dorothy also died. Francis' third wife was Christian Penn who had arrived in Plymouth on the Anne in 1623. Christian and Francis had 3 children - Samuel's stepbrothers and sisters.

Samuel's father, Francis, died in 1633. Samuel was then 13 years old.

After Francis Eaton died, Samuel's stepmother Christian Penn Eaton married Mayflower passenger Francis Billington. Samuel continued to live with his stepmother Christian and her new husband Francis Billington. Christian and Francis had 9 children of their own including a daughter named Martha who was born around 1638.

In 1636, at age 16, Samuel Eaton was apprenticed to John Cooke, another Mayflower child grown to adulthood. At about age 26, Samuel married a woman named Elizabeth (last name unknown) and moved to Duxbury. They had two children (their names are also unknown). Elizabeth died; Samuel remarried on January 10, 1661. His new wife was Martha Billington, daughter of his stepmother Christian by her Mayflower husband Francis Billington. Samuel and Martha had four children: Sarah, Samuel, Mercy and Bethiah.

At some point during the 1660s, Samuel moved from Duxbury to Middleboro, where he died in 1684. Samuel Eaton died without a will, but we do have the inventory of his estate at the time of his death. An inventory of his estate was given to the Court on October 29, 1684. Click here for Samuel Eaton's inventory. His burial site is unknown.


Offspring of Samuel Eaton and Elizabeth Unknown (c1620-)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Mercy Eaton (1665-1704)

Offspring of Samuel Eaton and Martha Billington (1639-1704)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Elizabeth Eaton (1662-)
Sarah Eaton (1662-)
Samuel Eaton (1664-1723)
Mercy Eaton (1665-)
Bethia Eaton (1665-)


Offspring of Francis Eaton (1596-1633) and Sarah Morton (c1600-1621)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Samuel Eaton (1619-1684) 1619 England 29 October 1684 Middleborough, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Elizabeth Unknown (c1620-)
Martha Billington (1639-1704)

Offspring of Francis Eaton (1596-1633) and Christian Penn (1607-1684)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Rachel Eaton (1625-) 1625 Plymouth Colony, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Joseph Ramsden (c1625-)
Benjamin Eaton (1627-1712) 1627 Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts 16 January 1712 Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Sarah Hoskins (1637-1711)
Samuel Eaton (1630-) 1630 Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Vital Records

Bradfords Passenger List

From Gov Wm Bradfords list of Mayflower passengers (written ca 1651):

"Francis Eaton, and Sarah, his wife, and Samuell, their sone, a yong child."

"Francis Eaton his first wife died in the generall sicnes; and he maried againe, and his 2nd wife dyed, and he maried th 3rd time and had by her 3 children. One of them is maried, and hath a child; the other are living, but one of them is an ideote. He dyed about 16 years agoe (1634). His sone Samuell, who came over a sucking child, is allso maried and hath a child."

Pilgrim Monument


National Monument to the Forefathers, commemorates the Mayflower Pilgrims, (including this person) who came to Plymouth Colony in 1620 on the Mayflower. Dedicated on August 1, 1889, it is thought to be the world's largest solid granite monument. Located on an 11 acre hilltop site on Allerton Street in Plymouth, Massachusetts.



Footnotes (including sources)