Samuel J Adair was born 28 March 1806 in Laurens County, South Carolina to Thomas Adair (1774-1858) and Rebecca Brown (1776-1846) and died 6 July 1889 Nutrioso, Apache County, Arizona of unspecified causes. He married Jemima Catherina Mangum (1809-1848) 3 December 1829 in Pickens County, Alabama. He married Nancy Fountain White (1811-1880) 1849 in Iowa.

Samuel J Adair was a Mormon Convert from Mississippi who followed Brigham Young the Mormons to Utah. In 1857, Young called him to lead a group of about 10 Southern families on a Cotton Farming mission and settle Washington, Utah.


In Itawamba County, Mississippi their family joined the Buttahatchie 1845 LDS Branch of the young LDS Church.

The couple married in lived in Pickens County, Alabama until about 1840, then they had three children born in Itawamba Co. About 1845 they moved to Illinois/Iowa area where the last two children were born.

Samuel J. Adair was born March 28, 1806, in Laurens County, South Carolina. The Adair and Mangum families were closely associated, with both families moving to Pickens County, Alabama about 1828-29. Samuel married Gemima Mangum and five children were born to them while in Alabama. This same group then moved to Fulton, Itawamba County, Mississippi. It was here they first learned of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, becoming members in 1845. Shortly after they moved to Nauvoo, they were forced to leave the area in the winter of 1846. They then made residence in Iowa, and while there, due to improper food, unhealthy drinking water and general unhealthy living conditions, many died. Three of Samuel's children, his wife Gemima and mother, Rebecca Brown Adair, passed away.

Benjamin Gardner 1852 Pioneer Company

1861 Wagon train in Echo Canyon

Benjamin Gardner led a pioneer company of 185 individuals that consisted primarily of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints who were seeking refuge from religion persecution. Departed from Kanesville, Iowa on 2-10 June 1852 and reached the Salt Lake Valley on 24-27 Sept 1852. The Adair Family was part of this group, including 3-4 children adopted in Iowa.

In 1852 the group left and traveled to Utah with a large company of Mormons. They endured the usual hardships of the trek across the plains. Before they left Iowa, Samuel took David L. Sechrist, an orphaned child, to raise. While on the plains he adopted two more children that apparently had lost their parents. These children were Alfred and Ann Catherine Chestnut (Kerry Petersen’s note: actually he found three including Sarah and raised Alfred and Ann). When they arrived in Salt Lake City, Alfred recognized his real father's team of horses, but the supposed owner told Samuel to shut the boy up or he would shut him up himself. Some real skullduggery had to have taken place in Iowa. Samuel Adair raised these three children as his own. The Adairs and Mangums, after arriving in Utah, first settled in the Payson-Nephi area.

1857 Cotton Mission

While living there, they were called by Brigham Young to go south to settle the southwest part of the state and grow cotton. Being Southerners, they had grown cotton or at least had seen it grown. Samuel J. Adair was the leader of this group consisting of ten southern families.

They left the Payson area in March 3, 1857 and arrived in "Dixie" on April 15, 1857. The group explored the area and in May 1857 they met with the Covington group at what is now called Adair Springs and laid out the town of Washington, naming it after President George Washington. Samuel and his family resided in Washington for 20 years. During this time they called the area "Dixie" after their southern homeland. Samuel's brother, Thomas J. Adair and Mary, Thomas's wife, are given credit for having the first white child, a girl, born in Washington City. Their daughter was born on the same day they entered the area, and she is recognized as the first white child born in Washington, Utah. They named this legacy baby, Mary Elizabeth Adair. The Adairs owned six lots of land in Block 35 in Washington on which they built homes for their families. Samuel J. was one of them. Only John Milton Adair's home still remains.

Samuel Jefferson's son, Samuel Newton Adair, became a well-known Washington citizen and Indian missionary. The records show that Samuel Jefferson had three children from Anne Catharine Laustdatter (Mattisen) in Denmark between 1839 and 1846 [Kerry’s note: this is incorrect - he married her after getting to Utah and never had any children with her]. He remarried her in Salt Lake City in 1864. This was no doubt to fulfill his belief that he needed to do this to satisfy his church's creed. Anne Catharine also appears in the Washington City census of 1870, showing she lived a long life with Samuel. He was the father of twelve children and raised three adopted ones. During his stay in Washington he did some traveling. On one trip to Payson in 1858 his son Rufus was inintentionally killed, by a pistol shot. He went to California in 1860 and stayed there until 1861 [Kerry’s note: incorrect -- he never went to California]. Later in life he moved to Nutrioso, Arizona, to settle that area. He passed away in Nutrioso on July 6, 1889. One of his last statements to his children and friends was that he never raised his voice against the authorities of his church; neither did he fail to fill any mission to which he had been called. He died as he lived, a faithful member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. None of the Adairs appear in the 1880 Washington census. They had gradually moved or had been called to resettle other areas including Minersville, Utah; Beaver, Utah; Panaca, Nevada and Nutrioso, Arizona. Even though the Adairs left the Washington City area in the 1870s, a large posterity of this family lives today in this same general area and the western part of the United States.

Marriages and Family

1st Marriage:

  1. William Jefferson Adair (1830-1846)- listed on Mount Pisgah Monument
  2. John Milton Adair (1833-1899)
  3. Rebecca Frances Adair (1835-1836)
  4. Permelia Jane Adair (1837-1883)
  5. George Washington Adair (1837-1909)
  6. Samuel Newton Adair (1839-1924)
  7. Joseph Jasper Adair (1842-1846)
  8. Rufus Columbus Buleson Adair (1844-1847)
  9. Jemima Catherine Adair (1846-1926)
  10. Ezra Taft Benson Adair (1848-1848) - listed on Mount Pisgah Monument
  11. Ann Catherine Chestnut (1844-1863) - orphaned adopted by Samuel, she married her step brother George.
  12. Sarah Chestnut (1846-) - orphaned adopted by Samuel, on 1860 Census she is living with her married sister.

Marriage to Roxanna M.

Roxanna M. ___. "Roxanna M. Adair" shows up with Samuel in both the 1856 Utah and the 1860 censuses. The 1860 census shows Roxanna born about 1794 in England. FHL film 26401 "Early LDS Church Records of Payson, Utah; Baptisms at Payson," shows a rebaptism for Roxana M. Adair on 16 Mar 1857. This was a few days prior to the Adair family's move to "Dixie" Utah from Payson. She cannot be Samuel's wife Rachel Hunter since Rachel was born at a different time and place and shows up with her first husband's surname of Davis in the 1860 census in Utah co., Utah, while Roxanna is in Washington, Washington, Utah. No further is heard of Roxanna after 1860, but Samuel marries Anna Catherine Mattisen/Laustdatter in 1864.


Offspring of Samuel J Adair and Jemima Catherina Mangum (1809-1848)
Name Birth Death Joined with
William Jefferson Adair (1830-1846) 27 August 1830 Pickens County, Alabama 31 October 1846 Mt. Pisgah, Union County, Iowa
John Milton Adair (1833-1899) 8 January 1833 Pickens County, Alabama June 1899 Barclay, Lincoln County, Nevada Eliza Jane Richey (1837-1908)
Rebecca Frances Adair (1835-1836) 8 July 1835 Pickens County, Alabama 25 May 1836 Pickens County, Alabama
Permelia Jane Adair (1837-1883) 27 June 1837 Fulton, Clarke County, Alabama 16 December 1883 Dry Fork, Uintah County, Utah Territory John R Holden (1828-)
Charles Decatur Searle (1836-1909)
George Washington Adair (1837-1909) 27 June 1837 Pickens County, Alabama 9 September 1909 Bloomfield, San Juan County, New Mexico Ann Catherine Chestnut (1844-1863)
Emily Prescinda Tyler (1847-1917)
Samuel Newton Adair (1839-1924) 11 December 1839 Itawamba County, Mississippi 16 May 1924 Luna, Catron County, New Mexico Helen Genette Brown (1845-1933)
Joseph Jasper Adair (1842-1846) 23 January 1842 Itawamba County, Mississippi 8 September 1846 Mt. Pisgah, Union County, Iowa
Rufus Columbus Buleson Adair (1844-1847) 9 February 1844 Itawamba County, Mississippi 2 August 1847 Winter Quarters, Douglas County, Nebraska
Jemima Catherine Adair (1846-1926) 6 April 1846 Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa, United States 15 April 1926 Murray, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States Frederick Dickensen Rugg (1843-1918)
Ezra Taft Benson Adair (1848-1848) 25 April 1848 Mt Pisgah, Union County, Iowa 26 April 1848 Mt. Pisgah, Union County, Iowa

Offspring of Samuel J Adair and Nancy Fountain White (1811-1880)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Joshua Tumer Adair (1849-1938) 25 December 1849 Kanesville, Pottawattamie County, Iowa, United States 2 August 1938 Decatur, Burt County, Nebraska, United States Eliza Arilla Rickman (1850-1936)


Offspring of Thomas Adair (1774-1858) and Rebecca Brown (1776-1846)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Margaret Ann Adair (1804-1852) 7 February 1804 Laurens County, South Carolina 10 February 1852 Manti, Sanpete County, Utah William Richey (1796-1879)
Samuel Jefferson Adair (1806-1889) 28 March 1806 Laurens County, South Carolina 6 July 1889 Nutrioso, Apache County, Arizona Jemima Catherina Mangum (1809-1848)
Nancy Fountain White (1811-1880)
Ludinca Unknown
Rachel Hunter (1810-1882)
Roxanna M. (1794-1860)
Anne Catherine Lauritsdatter (1815-1884)
Fairby Adair (1809-1836) 1809 Tennessee 1836 Pickens County, Alabama Daniel Clark (1800-1832)
Eliza Jane Adair (1811-1892) 11 November 1811 Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee 16 August 1892 Washington, Washington County, Utah Samuel Carson (1805-1836)
Moses Pearson (1810-)
John Buren Price (1815-1893)
Sophia Adair (1812-1877) 1812 Tennessee Joseph Allison (1801-1852)
Thomas Jefferson Adair (1814-1895) 31 May 1814 Indiana 19 September 1890 Show Low, Apache County, Arizona Frances Rogers (1818-1847)
Mary Vance (1820-1918)
Sarah Ada Adair (1815-1852) 27 December 1815 Tennessee 3 July 1852 Loup Fork, Platte County, Nebraska William Mangum (1811-1888)
George Washington Adair (1818-1897) 18 March 1818 West Carthage, Smith County, Tennessee, United States 26 August 1897 Orderville, Kane County, Utah, United States Miriam Jane Billingsley (1829-1912)
Johanna Freestone (1849-1903)
John Wesley Adair (1820-1903) 18 February 1820 Greene County, Alabama 5 May 1903 Nutrioso, Apache County, Arizona Rebecca Frances Mangum (1814-1890)
Harriett Cordelia Williams (1829-1907)
Mary Ann Adair (1822-1892) 5 July 1822 Pickens County, Alabama, United States 9 May 1892 Georgetown, Kane County, Utah, United States John Mangum (1817-1881)
Laney Ann Adair (1824-1881) 2 July 1824 Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States 29 June 1881 Johnson County, Texas, United States John Ellis Ewing (1822-1905)

Vital Records

1830 US Federal Census

1830 US: Pickens Co., Alabama, roll 2, pages 111- 112. The first three related families all on the same page and the next four related families are on the next page:

  • Thos. Peeks, males 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 20-30:1; females 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 30-40:1.
  • John Mangum, males 5-10:1; 10-15:2; 15-20:1; 60-70:1; females 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 30-40:1.
  • Cyrus Mangum, males 20-30:1; females 0-5:1; 15-20:1.
  • Saml. Carson, males 20-30:1; females 20-30:1; 80-90:1.
  • Saml. Adair, males 20-30:1; females 20-30:1.
  • Thos. Adair, males 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 15-20:1; 50-60:1; females 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 40-50:1.
  • Daniel Clark (next door), males 0-5:1; 30-40:1; females 0-5:1; 20-30:1.


See Also


Footnotes (including sources)