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San Luis Obispo County, California
Seal of San Luis Obispo County, California
Seal
Map of California highlighting San Luis Obispo County
Location in the state of California
Map of the U.S. highlighting California
California's location in the U.S.
Founded 1850
Seat San Luis Obispo
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

3,616 sq mi (9,365 km²)
3,304 sq mi (8,557 km²)
311 sq mi (805 km²), 8.61%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

282,424
75/sq mi (29/km²)
Website www.slocounty.ca.gov

San Luis Obispo County is a county located along the Pacific Ocean in the Central Coast of the U.S. state of California, between Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay Area. As of 2020 its population was 282,424. The county seat is San Luis Obispo, with about 46,000 residents.

The county's distance from the large metro areas of San Francisco and Los Angeles has helped it to retain its rural character and reminders of old California abound. Father Junipero Serra founded the Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa in 1772 and the Mission is today an active part of downtown San Luis Obispo. The small size of the county's communities, scattered along the beaches, coastal hills, and mountains of the Santa Lucia range, provides a wide variety of coastal and inland hill ecologies to support many kinds of fishing, agriculture and tourist activities.

The mainstays of the economy are California Polytechnic State University with its 18,000 students, tourism, agriculture, and other government services, including the California Men's Colony, a penal institution. San Luis Obispo County is the third largest producer of wine in California, surpassed only by Sonoma and Napa Counties. Wine grapes are by far the largest agricultural crop in the county, and the wine production they support creates a direct economic impact and a growing wine country vacation industry.

Other towns include Cambria. Just north of Cambria is San Simeon, at the foot of the Enchanted Hill where newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst built Hearst Castle. Just south of Cambria lies Harmony, the smallest town in California with a population of 18. Other coastal towns include Morro Bay and Cayucos to the north of San Luis Obispo city, and Avila Beach and the Five Cities to the south: Arroyo Grande, Grover Beach, Oceano, Pismo Beach and Shell Beach. Nipomo, just south of the Five Cities, borders northern Santa Barbara County. Inland, the cities of Paso Robles, Templeton, and Atascadero lie along the Salinas River, near the Paso Robles wine region.

History[]

Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa was founded on September 1, 1772 in the area that is now the city of San Luis Obispo.

San Luis Obispo County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 9,364 km² (3,616 sq mi). 8,558 km² (3,304 sq mi) of it is land and 806 km² (311 sq mi) of it (8.61%) is water.

Cities and towns[]

Adjacent Counties[]

Transportation Infrastructure[]

Major Highways[]

Public Transportation[]

San Luis Obispo County is served by Amtrak trains and Greyhound Lines buses. The San Luis Obispo Regional Transit Authority provides countywide service along US 101 as well as service to Morro Bay, Los Osos, Cambria and San Simeon.

The cities of San Luis Obispo, Atascadero and Paso Robles operate their own local bus services; all of these connect with SLORTA routes.

Intercity service is provided by Amtrak trains, Greyhound and Orange Belt Stages buses.

Airports[]

Demographics[]

As of the census² of 2000, there were 246,681 residents, 92,739 households, and 58,611 families in the county. The population density was 29/km² (75/sq mi). There were 102,275 housing units at an average density of 12/km² (31/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 84.60% White, 2.03% Black or African American, 0.95% Native American, 2.66% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 6.21% from other races, and 3.44% from two or more races. 16.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 85.7% spoke English and 10.7% Spanish as their first language.

There were 92,739 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.40% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 13.60% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 105.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,428, and the median income for a family was $52,447. Males had a median income of $40,726 versus $27,450 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,864. About 6.8% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[]

San Luis Obispo County leaned toward the Republican Party in presidential and congressional elections during the most of the 20th century; it has, however, become more Democratic starting in the 2000s. In 2008, Barack Obama won the county with 51.2 percent of the vote. Prior to 2008, the last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964, although Bill Clinton won a plurality in 1992. In 2012, Obama again won the county, this time with a slim plurality of the vote. Hillary Clinton won with a larger plurality in 2016; and in 2020, Joe Biden won a solid 55% of the vote, the largest for any Democrat since Lyndon Johnson in 1964.

United States presidential election results for San Luis Obispo County, California[1]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 67,436 42.22% 88,310 55.29% 3,968 2.48%
2016 56,164 40.94% 67,107 48.91% 13,931 10.15%
2012 59,967 47.61% 61,258 48.63% 4,741 3.76%
2008 61,055 45.85% 68,176 51.20% 3,924 2.95%
2004 67,995 52.69% 58,742 45.52% 2,313 1.79%
2000 56,859 52.22% 44,526 40.89% 7,501 6.89%
1996 46,733 46.50% 40,395 40.19% 13,372 13.31%
1992 36,384 34.78% 40,136 38.36% 28,099 26.86%
1988 46,613 55.85% 35,667 42.73% 1,187 1.42%
1984 49,035 63.72% 26,946 35.02% 969 1.26%
1980 38,631 55.56% 20,508 29.50% 10,388 14.94%
1976 27,785 51.17% 24,926 45.91% 1,587 2.92%
1972 28,566 55.98% 20,779 40.72% 1,688 3.31%
1968 19,420 51.27% 15,828 41.78% 2,633 6.95%
1964 14,906 40.08% 22,252 59.84% 28 0.08%
1960 17,862 54.04% 14,975 45.30% 218 0.66%
1956 16,223 58.47% 11,407 41.11% 118 0.43%
1952 17,716 65.37% 9,174 33.85% 213 0.79%
1948 10,325 53.49% 8,135 42.14% 844 4.37%
1944 7,793 48.90% 8,068 50.63% 75 0.47%
1940 7,204 45.25% 8,499 53.39% 217 1.36%
1936 4,812 37.28% 7,889 61.13% 205 1.59%
1932 3,449 28.59% 7,933 65.77% 680 5.64%
1928 5,425 60.82% 3,336 37.40% 159 1.78%
1924 3,804 49.01% 731 9.42% 3,226 41.57%
1920 4,123 61.31% 1,606 23.88% 996 14.81%
1916 2,854 40.20% 3,539 49.85% 706 9.95%
1912 13 0.23% 2,248 40.48% 3,292 59.28%
1908 2,008 50.76% 1,381 34.91% 567 14.33%
1904 2,015 54.95% 1,167 31.82% 485 13.23%
1900 1,564 45.81% 1,713 50.18% 137 4.01%
1896 1,671 43.74% 2,056 53.82% 93 2.43%
1892 1,433 38.10% 1,199 31.88% 1,129 30.02%
1888 1,689 49.68% 1,585 46.62% 126 3.71%
1884 1,233 51.44% 1,069 44.60% 95 3.96%
1880 830 47.81% 729 41.99% 177 10.20%



See also[]

External links[]

Coordinates: 35°23′N 120°27′W / 35.38, -120.45

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at San Luis Obispo County, California. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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