|Satu Mare County
Județul Satu Mare
|— County —|
|• Total||4,418 km2 (1,706 sq mi)|
|• Density||83/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|Telephone code||(+40) 261 or (+40) 361|
|ISO 3166 code||RO-SM|
Satu Mare County (Romanian: Judeţul Satu Mare, pronounced [ˌsatu ˈmare]; Hungarian: Szatmár megye) is a county (judeţ) of Romania. The capital city is Satu Mare. Besides Romanians (58.8% of the population), Satu Mare features a significant ethnic minority of Hungarians (35.2%).
Hungarians mostly reside along the border with Hungary, but some are also scattered throughout the whole county.
This county has a total area of 4,418 square kilometres (1,706 sq mi).
In the north are the Oaş Mountains, part of the Eastern Carpathians. This makes up around 17% of the area. The remainder is hills, forming 20% of the area, and plains. The western county takes up the Eastern part of the Pannonian Plain.
The county is crossed by the Someş River and also Tur River and Crasna River.
The county lies partly in the historical region of Maramureş and partly in the historical region of Crişana.
- Maramureș County in the East.
- Hungary in the West - Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County.
- Ukraine in the North - Zakarpattia Oblast.
- Bihor County and Sălaj County in the South.
It is a member of the Carpathian euroregion.
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Textiles industry.
- Machine and automotive components.
- Food industry.
- Wood and furniture industry.
The main tourist attractions in the county are:
- The "Oaș Country", with its strong Romanian folk traditions, on the North Eastern side of the county.
- The Oaș Mountains.
- The cities of Satu Mare and Carei.
- Tășnad Resort.
- The fortifications from Ardud and Medieșu Aurit
Satu Mare County has 2 municipalities, 4 towns and 59 communes:
- ^ INSSE Statistic
- ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
- ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
- ^ Structura Etno-demografică a României
- ^ Erdély etnikai és felekezeti statisztikája
- ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"