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Sebastian County, Arkansas
Sebastian County Courthouse-Ft. Smith City Hall, Southeast View.JPG
The Sebastian County Courthouse in Ft. Smith
Map of Arkansas highlighting Sebastian County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded January 6, 1851
Named for William K. Sebastian
Seat Fort Smith (northern district);
Greenwood (southern district)
Largest city Fort Smith
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

546 sq mi (1,414 km²)
532 sq mi (1,378 km²)
14 sq mi (36 km²), 2.6%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

127,799
Congressional districts 3rd, 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website http://www.sebastiancountyar.gov/

Sebastian County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2020 census, the population was 127,799,[1] making it the fourth-most populous county in Arkansas. The county has two county seats, Greenwood and Fort Smith.[2]

Sebastian County is part of the Fort Smith, AR-OK Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

Sebastian County is Arkansas's 56th county, formed on January 6, 1851, and named for William K. Sebastian, United States Senator from Arkansas.[3]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 546 square miles (1,410 km2), of which 532 square miles (1,380 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.6%) is water.[4] It is the second-smallest county by area in Arkansas.

Major highways[]

  • I-49 (AR 1957).svg Interstate 49
  • I-540 (AR 1961).svg Interstate 540
  • US 64 (1961).svg U.S. Highway 64
  • US 71 (1961).svg U.S. Highway 71
  • US 271 (AR).svg U.S. Highway 271
  • Arkansas 10.svg State Route 10
  • Arkansas 22.svg State Route 22
  • Arkansas 45.svg State Route 45
  • Arkansas 59.svg State Route 59
  • Arkansas 96.svg State Route 96

Adjacent counties[]

National protected areas[]

  • Fort Smith National Historic Site (part)
  • Ouachita National Forest (part)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 9,238
1870 12,940 40.1%
1880 19,560 51.2%
1890 33,200 69.7%
1900 36,935 11.3%
1910 52,278 41.5%
1920 56,739 8.5%
1930 54,426 −4.1%
1940 62,809 15.4%
1950 64,202 2.2%
1960 66,685 3.9%
1970 79,237 18.8%
1980 95,172 20.1%
1990 99,590 4.6%
2000 115,071 15.5%
2010 125,744 9.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010–2020[1]

Age pyramid Sebastian County[9]

2020 census[]

Sebastian County racial composition[10]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 82,785 64.78%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 7,891 6.17%
Native American 2,379 1.86%
Asian 5,700 4.46%
Pacific Islander 91 0.07%
Other/Mixed 9,625 7.53%
Hispanic or Latino 19,328 15.12%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 127,799 people, 51,384 households, and 32,517 families residing in the county.

2000 census[]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[11] there were 115,071 people, 45,300 households, and 30,713 families residing in the county. The population density was 215 people per square mile (83/km2). There were 49,311 housing units at an average density of 92 per square mile (36/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 82.34% White, 6.16% Black or African American, 1.57% Native American, 3.51% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.71% from other races, and 2.67% from two or more races. 6.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.6% were of American, 12.6% German, 11.0% Irish and 9.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 5.49% reported speaking Spanish at home, while 1.47% speak Vietnamese and 0.97% Lao.[12]

In 2000 there were 45,300 households, out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.40% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.00% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 29.50% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,889, and the median income for a family was $41,303. Males had a median income of $30,056 versus $22,191 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,424. About 10.40% of families and 13.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.60% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2010 census the population of Sebastian County was 125,744. The racial makeup of the county was 72.83% Non-Hispanic white, 6.24% Non-Hispanic black, 1.88% Native American, 4.06% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.07% Non-Hispanics of some other race, 2.78% Non-Hispanics reporting two or more races and 12.82% Hispanics.


Government[]

Politics

Whereas most of Arkansas was overwhelmingly blue up to the mid-2000s, Sebastian has been a solidly Republican county at the presidential level since Dwight Eisenhower won it in 1952. Since that election, no Democrat has ever again carried this county, though native son Bill Clinton came within less than 1,000 votes of doing so during both of his campaigns. However, Democrats continued to split most local offices and state legislative seats with Republicans well into the 1990s.

United States presidential election results for Sebastian County, Arkansas[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 31,198 66.18% 14,487 30.73% 1,455 3.09%
2016 29,127 65.25% 12,300 27.56% 3,210 7.19%
2012 29,169 67.27% 13,092 30.19% 1,101 2.54%
2008 28,637 66.27% 13,673 31.64% 902 2.09%
2004 27,303 61.76% 16,479 37.27% 429 0.97%
2000 23,483 58.48% 15,555 38.73% 1,121 2.79%
1996 16,482 46.63% 15,514 43.89% 3,350 9.48%
1992 16,817 42.40% 16,570 41.78% 6,272 15.81%
1988 24,426 70.94% 9,684 28.13% 322 0.94%
1984 27,595 74.95% 8,688 23.60% 534 1.45%
1980 23,403 63.46% 10,141 27.50% 3,335 9.04%
1976 17,671 52.79% 15,768 47.11% 34 0.10%
1972 25,219 81.23% 5,770 18.58% 58 0.19%
1968 12,073 44.65% 6,320 23.37% 8,649 31.98%
1964 13,110 55.80% 10,299 43.84% 84 0.36%
1960 11,744 56.75% 8,726 42.16% 226 1.09%
1956 10,234 57.36% 7,489 41.98% 118 0.66%
1952 10,114 56.36% 7,802 43.48% 28 0.16%
1948 2,928 33.09% 5,075 57.36% 845 9.55%
1944 3,452 36.46% 6,008 63.46% 7 0.07%
1940 1,968 27.16% 5,249 72.44% 29 0.40%
1936 1,161 20.30% 4,539 79.35% 20 0.35%
1932 1,268 20.26% 4,937 78.87% 55 0.88%
1928 3,465 51.84% 3,186 47.67% 33 0.49%
1924 1,985 33.13% 3,148 52.54% 859 14.34%
1920 3,492 46.03% 3,852 50.78% 242 3.19%
1916 1,366 26.86% 3,719 73.14% 0 0.00%
1912 514 12.53% 2,396 58.40% 1,193 29.08%
1908 2,050 35.73% 3,035 52.90% 652 11.36%
1904 1,254 38.16% 1,645 50.06% 387 11.78%
1900 964 31.21% 2,094 67.79% 31 1.00%
1896 1,009 27.57% 2,622 71.64% 29 0.79%
1892 1,558 34.71% 2,692 59.97% 239 5.32%



Education[]

Public education is provided by several school districts (listed below from largest to smallest):

  • Fort Smith School District
  • Greenwood School District
  • Lavaca School District
  • Hackett School District
  • Hartford School District

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Barling
  • Bonanza
  • Fort Smith (county seat)
  • Greenwood (county seat)
  • Hackett
  • Hartford
  • Huntington
  • Lavaca
  • Mansfield

Towns[]

  • Central City
  • Midland

Townships[]

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Sebastian County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses.


[14][15]

  • Bass Little (some of Greenwood)
  • Big Creek (Lavaca)
  • Beverly
  • Bloomer
  • Center (most of Greenwood)
  • Cole (Hackett)
  • Dayton
  • Diamond (Huntington)
  • Fort Chafee UT (part of Barling, part of Fort Smith)
  • Hartford (Hartford)
  • Island
  • Jim Fork (Midland)
  • Lon Norris (part of Fort Smith)
  • Marion (Bonanza, small part of Fort Smith)
  • Mississippi
  • Mont Sandels (Central City, most of Barling)
  • Prairie
  • Rogers
  • Sugarloaf (part of Mansfield)
  • Upper (most of Fort Smith)
  • Washburn
  • White Oak

Notable people[]

See also[]

  • List of lakes in Sebastian County, Arkansas
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Sebastian County, Arkansas

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/05/05131.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "Profile for Sebastian County, Arkansas, AR". ePodunk. http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=11707. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_05.txt. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ar190090.txt. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  9. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US05131&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  12. ^ "Language Map Data Center". Mla.org. 2007-07-17. http://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=5&county_id=131&mode=geographic&order=r. 
  13. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/. 
  14. ^ U. S. Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Sebastian County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05131_sebastian/BAS11C20513100000_000.pdf. 
  15. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/maps/block/2010/cousub/dc10blk_st05_cousub.html#S. 
  16. ^ "Arkansas Governor John Sebastian Little". National Governors Association. http://www.nga.org/cms/home/governors/past-governors-bios/page_arkansas/col2-content/main-content-list/title_little_john.html. 
  17. ^ "Mathew W. Pitsch". arkansashouse.org. http://www.arkansashouse.org/member/378/Mathew%20W.-Pitsch. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 35°35′39″N 94°15′29″W / 35.59417, -94.25806


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Sebastian County, Arkansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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