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Sedgwick County, Kansas
Sedgwick county kansas courthouse 2009.jpg
Old Sedgwick County Courthouse in Wichita (2009)
Map of Kansas highlighting Sedgwick County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for John Sedgwick
Seat Wichita
Largest city Wichita
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,009 sq mi (2,613 km²)
998 sq mi (2,585 km²)
12 sq mi (31 km²), 1.2
Population
 -  Density


Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Sedgwick County (county code: SG) is located in the U.S. state of Kansas. The county seat is Wichita,[1] the most populous city in the state. As of the 2020 census, the population was 523,824,[2] making it the second most populous county in Kansas.

History[]

1915 Railroad Map of Sedgwick County

Early history[]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France.

In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican–American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

19th century[]

Sedgwick County was founded in 1867, and named after John Sedgwick, who was a major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.[3]

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway built a branch line north–south from Herington to Caldwell.[4] This branch line connected Herington, Lost Springs, Lincolnville, Antelope, Marion, Aulne, Peabody, Elbing, Whitewater, Furley, Kechi, Wichita, Peck, Corbin, Wellington, Caldwell. By 1893, this branch line was incrementally built to Fort Worth, Texas. This line is called the "OKT". The Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway was foreclosed in 1891 and was taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, which shut down in 1980 and reorganized as Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad, merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad, and finally merged in 1997 with Union Pacific Railroad. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Rock Island".

20th century[]

Sedgwick County was the setting for the murders committed by the BTK strangler from 1974 until 1991. Dennis Rader, an employee of the Sedgwick County city of Park City was arrested in early 2005 after he began sending incriminating letters taunting the police in 2004. He had not been heard from since 1979. Ken Landwehr of the Wichita Police Department led the task force which captured Rader, setting a new standard of serial crime detection in the process, which is still studied by police departments across the world. Rader is serving 10 life sentences at the El Dorado Correctional Facility in El Dorado.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,009 square miles (2,610 km2), of which 998 square miles (2,580 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (1.2%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 1,095
1880 18,753 1,612.6%
1890 43,626 132.6%
1900 44,037 0.9%
1910 73,095 66.0%
1920 92,234 26.2%
1930 136,330 47.8%
1940 143,311 5.1%
1950 222,290 55.1%
1960 343,231 54.4%
1970 350,694 2.2%
1980 366,531 4.5%
1990 403,662 10.1%
2000 452,869 12.2%
2010 498,365 10.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010–2020[2]

Age pyramid

Sedgwick County is part of the Wichita, KS Metropolitan Statistical Area.

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 452,869 people, 176,444 households, and 117,688 families residing in the county. The population density was 453 people per square mile (175/km2). There were 191,133 housing units at an average density of 191 per square mile (74/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 79.38% White, 9.13% Black or African American, 1.11% Native American, 3.34% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 4.17% from other races, and 2.81% from two or more races. 8.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 176,444 households, out of which 34.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.70% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.20% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,485, and the median income for a family was $51,645. Males had a median income of $37,770 versus $26,153 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,907. About 7.00% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.90% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[]

It is the birthplace of famous restaurants such as White Castle and Pizza Hut.[11][12] It is also the aviation headquarters of well known Cessna and Learjet.[13][14]

Government[]

Presidential elections[]

United States presidential election results for Sedgwick County, Kansas[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 122,416 54.44% 95,870 42.64% 6,576 2.92%
2016 104,353 54.41% 69,627 36.30% 17,818 9.29%
2012 106,506 58.23% 71,977 39.35% 4,412 2.41%
2008 106,849 55.15% 82,337 42.50% 4,544 2.35%
2004 110,381 62.12% 64,839 36.49% 2,459 1.38%
2000 93,724 57.35% 62,561 38.28% 7,132 4.36%
1996 93,397 56.06% 59,643 35.80% 13,559 8.14%
1992 75,577 40.53% 62,670 33.61% 48,228 25.86%
1988 86,124 55.30% 65,618 42.13% 4,003 2.57%
1984 95,874 62.53% 55,263 36.05% 2,178 1.42%
1980 75,317 51.79% 55,105 37.89% 15,009 10.32%
1976 69,828 50.74% 63,989 46.49% 3,812 2.77%
1972 83,949 65.74% 39,220 30.71% 4,532 3.55%
1968 60,853 51.80% 44,041 37.49% 12,575 10.70%
1964 52,592 43.76% 66,372 55.23% 1,217 1.01%
1960 73,501 55.23% 58,887 44.25% 696 0.52%
1956 72,292 61.08% 45,732 38.64% 336 0.28%
1952 70,983 66.47% 34,926 32.71% 879 0.82%
1948 39,165 49.56% 38,621 48.87% 1,243 1.57%
1944 38,896 52.78% 34,442 46.73% 360 0.49%
1940 32,160 48.05% 34,219 51.13% 547 0.82%
1936 21,654 35.29% 39,503 64.39% 197 0.32%
1932 21,815 41.48% 29,344 55.79% 1,435 2.73%
1928 32,132 74.40% 10,649 24.66% 405 0.94%
1924 21,144 57.23% 8,712 23.58% 7,087 19.18%
1920 16,642 59.15% 10,998 39.09% 494 1.76%
1916 10,899 41.79% 13,391 51.34% 1,792 6.87%
1912 1,419 9.77% 5,752 39.61% 7,350 50.62%
1908 6,756 50.25% 6,049 44.99% 640 4.76%
1904 6,697 60.77% 2,869 26.03% 1,455 13.20%
1900 5,363 50.03% 5,144 47.99% 212 1.98%
1896 4,122 42.68% 5,434 56.26% 102 1.06%
1892 4,770 46.68% 0 0.00% 5,448 53.32%
1888 6,071 55.51% 4,025 36.80% 841 7.69%
1884 3,464 53.56% 2,467 38.14% 537 8.30%
1880 2,288 57.11% 1,354 33.80% 364 9.09%



Sedgwick County is fairly conservative for an urban county. It has only gone Democratic in a presidential election once since 1944. Democratic strength is concentrated in Wichita, while the suburban areas are strongly Republican. However, the county often backs Democrats for governorship - most recently Laura Kelly in 2018. This makes it a bellwether in local Kansas elections, with the statewide winner almost always winning the county.[16] The last Democratic Senate candidate to win the county was Bill Roy in 1974, while Kansas as a whole has not been represented by a Democrat in the Senate since 1938.[17]

Laws[]

Sedgwick County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30 percent food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 1988.[18]

Transportation[]

Airports[]

The following public-use airports are located in Sedgwick County:

  • Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport (ICT)
  • Beech Factory Airport (BEC)
  • Cessna Aircraft Field (CEA)
  • Colonel James Jabara Airport (AAO)
  • Cook Airfield (K50)
  • Maize Airport (70K)
  • Westport Airport (71K)
  • Westport Auxiliary Airport (72K)

The following are closed airports:

  • Riverside Airport (K32)

Education[]

Colleges and universities[]

  • Friends University
  • Newman University
  • University of Kansas School of Medicine
  • Wichita Area Technical College
  • Wichita State University

Unified school districts[]

  • Wichita USD 259
  • Derby USD 260
  • Haysville USD 261
  • Valley Center USD 262
  • Mulvane USD 263
  • Clearwater USD 264
  • Goddard USD 265
  • Maize USD 266
  • Renwick USD 267
  • Cheney USD 268

Points of interest[]

  • Sedgwick County Extension Arboretum
  • Sedgwick County Zoo
  • Sedgwick County Fair
  • Wichita-Sedgwick County Historical Museum

Communities[]

2005 KDOT Map of Sedgwick County (map legend)

Map of Townships in Sedgwick County

Cities[]

  • Andale
  • Bel Aire
  • Bentley
  • Cheney
  • Clearwater
  • Colwich
  • Derby
  • Eastborough
  • Garden Plain
  • Goddard
  • Haysville
  • Kechi
  • Maize
  • Mount Hope
  • Mulvane
  • Park City
  • Sedgwick
  • Valley Center
  • Viola
  • Wichita

Unincorporated places[]

†This populated place is designated a Census-Designated Place (CDP) by the United States Census Bureau.

  • Anness
  • Bayneville
  • Clonmel
  • Furley
  • Greenwich
  • McConnell AFB
  • Oaklawn-Sunview
  • Peck†‡
  • Schulte
  • St. Marks
  • Sunnydale
  • Trails View (formerly Spasticville)[19]

Ghost towns[]

  • Davidson
  • Hatfield
  • Huckle
  • Jamesburg
  • Marshall
  • Oatville
  • Wichita Heights

Townships[]

Sedgwick County is divided into twenty-seven townships. The cities of Bel Aire and Wichita are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size. The county use to have one more township, Wichita Township, but it no longer exists.[20]

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km2 (/sq mi)
Land area
km2 (sq mi)
Water area
km2 (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Afton 00425 1,290 14 (37) 91 (35) 2 (1) 1.73% 37°36′10″N 97°37′54″W / 37.60278, -97.63167
Attica 03125 Goddard 4,959 62 (161) 80 (31) 0 (0) 0.23% 37°40′44″N 97°32′16″W / 37.67889, -97.53778
Delano 17375 196 25 (64) 8 (3) 1 (0) 13.81% 37°43′2″N 97°25′13″W / 37.71722, -97.42028
Eagle 19250 Bentley 1,069 12 (30) 92 (36) 1 (1) 1.44% 37°51′48″N 97°32′26″W / 37.86333, -97.54056
Erie 21550 106 1 (3) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 37°31′24″N 97°44′51″W / 37.52333, -97.7475
Garden Plain 25400 Garden Plain 1,780 19 (50) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.15% 37°40′25″N 97°39′47″W / 37.67361, -97.66306
Grand River 27300 607 7 (17) 91 (35) 2 (1) 2.20% 37°40′6″N 97°45′14″W / 37.66833, -97.75389
Grant 28125 Valley Center (part) 3,710 40 (104) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.47% 37°50′55″N 97°20′23″W / 37.84861, -97.33972
Greeley 28400 Mount Hope 1,094 12 (31) 93 (36) 1 (1) 1.43% 37°52′21″N 97°39′17″W / 37.8725, -97.65472
Gypsum 29300 5,822 64 (164) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0.51% 37°36′26″N 97°12′34″W / 37.60722, -97.20944
Illinois 33775 1,620 18 (45) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.12% 37°35′54″N 97°31′53″W / 37.59833, -97.53139
Kechi 36250 Park City 8,041 143 (370) 56 (22) 0 (0) 0.23% 37°47′35″N 97°19′14″W / 37.79306, -97.32056
Lincoln 41150 473 5 (13) 91 (35) 0 (0) 0.12% 37°52′35″N 97°11′53″W / 37.87639, -97.19806
Minneha 47125 Eastborough 5,084 117 (304) 43 (17) 1 (0) 1.49% 37°41′11″N 97°11′25″W / 37.68639, -97.19028
Morton 48550 Cheney 2,380 26 (67) 91 (35) 1 (0) 1.14% 37°37′24″N 97°46′33″W / 37.62333, -97.77583
Ninnescah 50725 Clearwater 2,913 31 (81) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.47% 37°30′51″N 97°31′28″W / 37.51417, -97.52444
Ohio 52450 1,146 12 (32) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.14% 37°31′56″N 97°25′21″W / 37.53222, -97.4225
Park 54425 Maize 4,128 51 (131) 82 (32) 2 (1) 2.04% 37°46′26″N 97°26′13″W / 37.77389, -97.43694
Payne 55075 1,119 14 (36) 80 (31) 0 (0) 0.21% 37°46′58″N 97°12′22″W / 37.78278, -97.20611
Riverside 60125 Haysville (part)
Derby (part)
Oaklawn-Sunview CDP
15,694 333 (862) 47 (18) 1 (0) 1.98% 37°34′56″N 97°18′22″W / 37.58222, -97.30611
Rockford 60675 Derby (part) 20,019 198 (514) 101 (39) 1 (0) 0.99% 37°31′55″N 97°14′47″W / 37.53194, -97.24639
Salem 62675 Haysville (part) 8,411 102 (263) 83 (32) 1 (0) 0.95% 37°32′23″N 97°20′11″W / 37.53972, -97.33639
Sherman 65100 Andale 1,362 14 (37) 96 (37) 0 (0) 0.22% 37°47′23″N 97°38′4″W / 37.78972, -97.63444
Union 72375 Colwich 2,156 23 (60) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.23% 37°46′55″N 97°32′8″W / 37.78194, -97.53556
Valley Center 73275 Valley Center (part) 3,642 39 (100) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.16% 37°51′22″N 97°24′10″W / 37.85611, -97.40278
Viola 74050 Viola 547 6 (15) 93 (36) 1 (0) 0.98% 37°30′41″N 97°39′3″W / 37.51139, -97.65083
Waco 74300 3,381 45 (117) 75 (29) 0 (0) 0.12% 37°36′35″N 97°24′57″W / 37.60972, -97.41583

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Sedgwick County, Kansas
  • Chisholm Trail

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas


References[]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  2. ^ a b "QuickFacts; Sedgwick County, Kansas; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/sedgwickcountykansas/POP010220. 
  3. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. pp. 205. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_5zdAAQAAMAAJ. 
  4. ^ "Rock Island Rail History". http://home.covad.net/~scicoatnsew/rihist4.htm. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ks190090.txt. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  11. ^ https://consumerist.com/2015/07/14/the-white-castle-story-the-birth-of-fast-food-the-burger-revolution/
  12. ^ https://www.pizzahut.de/en/about-pizza-hut/the-history-of-pizza-hut/
  13. ^ https://www.winmo.com/open/company/education-education-and-training-centers/ks/wichita/cessna-aircraft-company/2865
  14. ^ https://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapid=4217195
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  16. ^ "2018 Gubernatorial General Election Results - Kansas". https://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/state.php?year=2018&fips=20&f=0&off=5&elect=0. 
  17. ^ "1974 Senatorial General Election Results - Kansas". https://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/state.php?year=1974&off=3&class=undefined&elect=0&fips=20&f=0. 
  18. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. http://www.ksrevenue.org/abcwetdrymap.htm. 
  19. ^ http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=115:3:103222460506338::NO:3:P3_FID,P3_TITLE:473853%2CTrails%20View
  20. ^ County Map from Historical Atlas of Sedgwick County, Kansas; John P. Edwards; 50 pages; 1882.
Notes

Further reading[]

Template:Kansas books

External links[]

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Coordinates: 37°43′N 97°27′W / 37.717, -97.45

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