|September 30 in recent years
September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 92 days remaining until the end of the year.
- 1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England.
- 1744 - France and Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia at the Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo.
- 1781 - American War of Independence: The French defeat the British at the Battle of Chesapeake Capes.
- 1791 - The Magic Flute, the last opera composed by Mozart premiered at Theater an der Wien in Vienna, Austria.
- 1791 - The Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as incorruptible patriots.
- 1813 - Battle of Bárbula: Simón Bolívar defeats Santiago Bobadilla.
- 1860 - Britain's first tram service begins in Birkenhead, Merseyside.
- 1882 - The world's first commercial hydroelectric power plant (later known as Appleton Edison Light Company) begins operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin, United States.
- 1888 - Jack the Ripper kills his third and fourth victims, Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes.
- 1895 - Madagascar becomes a French protectorate.
- 1901 - Hubert Cecil Booth patents the vacuum cleaner.
- 1903 - New Gresham's School officially opened by Field Marshal Sir Evelyn Wood.
- 1906 - Real Academia Galega, Galician language biggest linguistic authority starts working in Havana.
- 1927 - Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 60 home runs in a season
- 1931 - Start of "Die Voortrekkers" youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
- 1935 - The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated.
- 1938 - At 2:00 am, Britain, France, Germany and Italy sign the Munich Agreement, allowing Germany to occupy the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
- 1938 - The League of Nations unanimously outlaws "intentional bombings of civilian populations".
- 1939 - Britain first evacuates citizens in anticipation of war.
- 1939 - General Władysław Sikorski becomes commander-in-chief of the Polish Government in exile.
- 1947 - The Islamic Republic of Pakistan joins the United Nations.
- 1947 - The World Series, featuring New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, is televised for the first time.
- 1949 - The Berlin Airlift ends.
- 1954 - The U.S. Navy submarine USS Nautilus is commissioned as the world's first nuclear reactor powered vessel.
- 1962 - Mexican-American labor leader César Chávez founds the United Farm Workers.
- 1962 - James Meredith enters the University of Mississippi, defying segregation.
- 1965 - General Suharto rises to power after an alleged coup by the Communist Party of Indonesia. In response, Suharto and his army massacre over a million of Indonesian suspected as communists.
- 1966 - The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declares its independence, and becomes the Republic of Botswana. Seretse Khama takes office as the first President.
- 1967 - BBC Radio 1 is launched; the BBC's other national radio stations also adopt numeric names. Tony Blackburn presents the first show.
- 1970 - Jordan makes a deal with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) for the release of the remaining hostages from the Dawson's Field hijackings.
- 1975 - The Hughes (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight.
- 1977 - Due to US budget cuts, the Apollo program's ALSEP experiment packages left on the Moon are shut down.
- 1979 - The Hong Kong MTR commenced service with the opening of its Modified Initial System (aka. Kwun Tong Line).
- 1980 - Ethernet specifications published by Xerox working with Intel and Digital Equipment Corporation.
- 1982 - Cyanide-laced Tylenol kills six people in the Chicago area. Seven were killed in all. The incident is known as the Tylenol murders.
- 1986 - Mordechai Vanunu, who revealed details of Israel covert nuclear program to British media, was kidnapped in Rome, Italy.
- 1989 - Foreign Minister of West Germany Hans-Dietrich Genscher's speech from the balcony of the German embassy in Prague.
- 1990 - The Dalai Lama unveils the Canadian Tribute to Human Rights in Canada's capital city of Ottawa.
- 1991 - President Jean-Bertrand Aristide of Haiti is forced from office.
- 1993 - An earthquake hits India's Latur and Osmanabad district of Marathwada (Aurangabad division) in Maharashtra state leaving tens of thousands of people dead and many more homeless.
- 1999 - Japan's worst nuclear accident at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tōkai-mura, northeast of Tokyo.
- 2004 - The first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat are taken 600 miles south of Tokyo.
- 2004 - The AIM-54 Phoenix, the primary missile for the F-14 Tomcat, retires from service. Almost two years later, the Tomcat retires.
- 2005 - The Parliament of Catalonia passes with 120 plus votes and 15 against, the Project of New Catalan Statute of Autonomy, proclaiming in its article 1, "Catalonia is a nation".
- 2005 - The controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.
- 2006 - the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia adopted the Constitutional Act that proclaimed the new Constitution of Serbia.
- 1207 - Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, Persian mystic and poet (d. 1273)
- 1227 - Pope Nicholas IV (d. 1292)
- 1530 - Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (d. 1606)
- 1550 - Michael Maestlin, German mathematician (d. 1631)
- 1631 - William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (d. 1701)
- 1700 - Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (d. 1773)
- 1710 - John Russell, British statesman (d. 1771)
- 1715 - Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (d. 1780)
- 1732 - Jacques Necker, French finance minister of Louis XVI (d. 1804)
- 1765 - José María Morelos, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1815)
- 1800 - Decimus Burton, British architect (d. 1881)
- 1811 - Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, Queen of Prussia and German Empress (d. 1890)
- 1827 - Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (d. 1918)
- 1861 - William Wrigley Jr., American industrialist (Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company) (d. 1932)
- 1870 - Jean Baptiste Perrin, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1942)
- 1870 - Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father of Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (d. 1948)
- 1882 - Hans Geiger, German physicist (d. 1945)
- 1893 - Lansdale Sasscer, American politician (d. 1964)
- 1895 - Lewis Milestone, Russian-born film director (d. 1980)
- 1898 - Renée Adorée, French actress (d. 1933)
- 1898 - Princess Charlotte of Monaco (d. 1977)
- 1904 - Waldo Williams, Welsh poet (d. 1971)
- 1905 - Nevill Francis Mott, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
- 1908 - David Oistrakh, Ukrainian violinist (d. 1974)
- 1912 - Kenny Baker, American singer and actor (d. 1985)
- 1913 - Bill Walsh, American film producer and writer (d. 1975)
- 1915 - Lester Maddox, Governor of Georgia (d. 2003)
- 1917 - Park Chunghee, President of South Korea (d. 1979)
- 1917 - Buddy Rich, American drummer (d. 1987)
- 1918 - Lewis Nixon, WWII Veteran (d. 1996)
- 1919 - Roberto Bonomi, Argentine racing driver (d. 1992)
- 1919 - Patricia Neway, American soprano
- 1920 - Aldo Parisot, Brazilian-American musician and cellist
- 1921 - Deborah Kerr, Scottish actress (d. 2007)
- 1922 - Alan Stretton, Australian general
- 1924 - Truman Capote, American author (d. 1984)
- 1926 - Robin Roberts, American baseball player
- 1927 - W. S. Merwin, American poet
- 1928 - Elie Wiesel, Romanian Holocaust survivor, author, and lecturer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
- 1931 - Angie Dickinson, American actress
- 1932 - Shintaro Ishihara, Japanese author and politician (Governor of Tokyo)
- 1932 - Johnny Podres, American baseball player
- 1933 - Cissy Houston, American gospel/r&b singer
- 1934 - Udo Jürgens, Austrian singer
- 1934 - Anna Kashfi, Welch actress
- 1935 - Johnny Mathis, American singer
- 1935 - Z.Z. Hill, American blues singer (d. 1984)
- 1937 - Valentin Silvestrov, Ukrainian composer
- 1939 - Jean-Marie Lehn, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
- 1942 - Frankie Lymon, American singer (d. 1968)
- 1943 - Johann Deisenhofer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
- 1943 - Marilyn McCoo, American singer (The Fifth Dimension)
- 1944 - Diane Dufresne, French Canadian singer
- 1945 - Salaheddin Ali Nader Shah Angha, 42nd Present Sufi Master of the Oveyssi-Shahmaghsoudi order
- 1945 - Ehud Olmert, twelfth Prime Minister of Israel
- 1945 - Bob Lassiter, American radio personality
- 1946 - Héctor Lavoe, Puerto Rican singer (d. 1993)
- 1946 - Claude Vorilhon, founder of Raelism, a ufo religion
- 1947 - Marc Bolan, British musician (d. 1977)
- 1947 - Dave Arneson, American game designer
- 1950 - Renato Zero, Italian musician
- 1951 - Barry Marshall, Australian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- 1952 - Jack Wild, British actor (d. 2006)
- 1953 - S.M. Stirling, Canadian-born author
- 1954 - Basia Trzetrzelewska, Polish-born singer and songwriter
- 1954 - Barry Williams, American actor
- 1954 - Patrice Rushen, American musician
- 1957 - Fran Drescher, American actress
- 1958 - Marty Stuart, Country Music Singer
- 1960 - Blanche Lincoln, American politician
- 1961 - Eric Stoltz, American actor
- 1961 - Crystal Bernard, American actress
- 1961 - Eric van de Poele, Belgian racing driver
- 1961 - Sally Yeh, Hong Kong singer and actress
- 1962 - Frank Rijkaard, Dutch football player and manager
- 1964 - Trey Anastasio, American musician (Phish)
- 1964 - Monica Bellucci, Italian actress
- 1964 - Robby Takac, American singer and bassist (Goo Goo Dolls)
- 1965 - Kathleen Madigan, American comedian
- 1966 - Kerry G. Johnson, African American graphic designer and caricaturist
- 1969 - Chris Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1991)
- 1970 - Mark Smith, English body builder, former Gladiators player
- 1971 - Jenna Elfman, American actress
- 1972 - Ari Behn, Norwegian author
- 1972 - Jamal Anderson, American football player
- 1975 - Marion Cotillard, French actress
- 1975 - Carlos Guillén, American baseball player
- 1977 - Roy Carroll, Northern Irish footballer
- 1977 - Maia Brewton, American actress
- 1977 - Sun Jihai, Chinese footballer
- 1978 - Candice Michelle, American female wrestler
- 1979 - Andy van der Meyde, Dutch footballer
- 1980 - Martina Hingis, Swiss tennis player
- 1981 - Brandon Watson, American baseball player
- 1982 - Lacey Chabert, American actress
- 1982 - Kieran Culkin, American actor
- 1982 - Michelle Marsh, British model
- 1982 - Ryan Stout, American comedian
- 1982 - Teal Redmann, American actress
- 1982 - Tory Lane, American nude model, exotic dancer, and pornographic actress
- 1983 - Andreea Răducan, Romanian gymnast
- 420 - Saint Jerome, translator of the Vulgate Bible
- 653 - Saint Honorius, Archbishop of Canterbury
- 1101 - Anselm IV
- 1246 - Yaroslav II of Russia (b. 1191)
- 1440 - Reginald Grey, English soldier and politician
- 1487 - John Sutton, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1400)
- 1551 - Ōuchi Yoshitaka, Japanese warlord (b. 1507)
- 1560 - Melchior Cano, Spanish theologian (b. 1525)
- 1572 - St. Francis Borgia, Jesuit priest (b. 1510)
- 1581 - Hubert Languet, French diplomat and reformer (b. 1518)
- 1626 - Nurhaci, Manchurian chief (b. 1559)
- 1628 - Fulke Greville, English poet (b. 1554)
- 1770 - Thomas Robinson, English politician and diplomat
- 1770 - George Whitefield, English-born Methodist leader (b. 1714)
- 1772 - James Brindley, English engineer (b. 1716)
- 1865 - Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar (b. 1800)
- 1888 - Elizabeth Stride, widely believed to be the third victim of Jack the Ripper (b. 1843)
- 1888 - Catherine Eddowes, widely believed to be the fourth victim of Jack the Ripper (b. 1842)
- 1891 - Georges Boulanger, French general and politician (b. 1837)
- 1897 - St Therese of Lisieux, Roman Catholic saint and mystic (b. 1873)
- 1910 - Maurice Lévy, French engineer (b. 1838)
- 1913 - Rudolf Diesel, German inventor (b. 1858)
- 1942 - Hans-Joachim Marseille, German fighter pilot (b. 1919)
- 1943 - Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist (b. 1864)
- 1955 - James Dean, American actor (automobile accident) (b. 1931)
- 1961 - Onésime Gagnon, French Canadian politician, lieutenant-governor of Québec (b. 1888)
- 1973 - Peter Pitseolak, Inuit photographer and author (b. 1902)
- 1974 - Carlos Prats, Chilean Constitutionalist General, assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor
- 1977 - Mary Ford, American singer (Les Paul and Mary Ford) (b. 1924)
- 1978 - Edgar Bergen, American actor and ventriloquist (b. 1903)
- 1985 - Simone Signoret, French actress (b. 1921)
- 1985 - Charles Richter, American seismologist (b. 1900)
- 1989 - Virgil Thompson, American composer (b. 1896)
- 1990 - Patrick White, Australian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
- 1990 - Alice Parizeau, Quebec writer and journalist (b. 1930)
- 1994 - Andre Michael Lwoff, French microbiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
- 1998 - Dan Quisenberry, American baseball player (b. 1953)
- 2002 - Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1913)
- 2003 - Robert Kardashian, Armenian-American lawyer (b. 1944)
- 2003 - Yusuf Bey, Black Muslim leader (b. 1935)
- 2004 - Gamini Fonseka, Sri Lankan actor (b. 1936)
- 2004 - Michael Relph, British film producer and director (b. 1915)
Holidays and observances
119 Familypedia people were born on September 30
105 Familypedia people died on September 30
93 Familypedia people were first married on September 30