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Biography

Solomon - (Peaceable). Son of David and Bathsheba. His birth (2 Sam. 5:14; 12:24; 1 Chr. 3:5; 14:4; Matt. 1:6); crowned on the rebellion of Adonijah (1 Kgs. 1:10–53; 1 Chr. 23:1); is charged by his father (1 Kgs. 2:1–9; 1 Chr. 22:6–19; 28:9–21); succeeds (1 Kgs. 2:12; 1 Chr. 29:22–23); makes affinity with Pharaoh (1 Kgs. 3:1); sacrifices in the high places (3:3); the vision at Gibeon (3:5–15; 9:2; 2 Chr. 1:7–12; 7:12); his judgment between two mothers (1 Kgs. 3:16–28); his retainers (4:1–19); his dominion (4:21); his wisdom (4:29; 5:12); his proverbs (4:32); his connection with Hiram (1 Kgs. 5; 2 Chr. 2); builds the temple (1 Kgs. 6; 7:13–51; 2 Chr. 3–4; Acts 7:47); his house and the house of the forest of Lebanon (1 Kgs. 7:1–8); dedicates the temple (1 Kgs. 8; 2 Chr. 5–6; 7:1–11); his second vision at Gibeon (1 Kgs. 9:1–9; 2 Chr. 7:12–22); his yearly offerings (1 Kgs. 9:25; 2 Chr. 8:12); visited by the queen of Sheba (1 Kgs. 10:1–13; 2 Chr. 9:1–12; Matt. 12:42; Luke 11:31); his fondness for foreign wives and foreign gods (1 Kgs. 11:1–8); God will rend the kingdom from him (11:9–13); his adversaries (11:14–28); Ahijah’s prophecy (11:30–39); the book of the Acts of Solomon (11:41); dies (11:43; 2 Chr. 9:31); the Proverbs of Solomon (Prov. 1:1; Song 1:1). New Testament references: Matt. 6:29; 12:42; Luke 11:31; 12:27.


Solomon (/ˈsɒləmən/; Hebrew: שְׁלֹמֹה‬, Shlomoh),[a] also called Jedidiah (Hebrew יְדִידְיָהּ‬ Yədidya), was, according to the Hebrew Bible,[3] Quran, Hadith and Hidden Words,[4] a fabulously wealthy and wise king of Israel who succeeded his father, King David.[5] The conventional dates of Solomon's reign are circa 970 to 931 BCE, normally given in alignment with the dates of David's reign. He is described as the third king of the United Monarchy, which would break apart into the northern Kingdom of Israel and the southern Kingdom of Judah shortly after his death. Following the split, his patrilineal descendants ruled over Judah alone.

According to the Talmud, Solomon is one of the 48 prophets.[6] In the Quran, he is considered a major prophet, and Muslims generally refer to him by the Arabic variant Sulayman, son of David.

The Hebrew Bible credits him as the builder of the First Temple in Jerusalem,[5] beginning in the fourth year of his reign, using the vast wealth he had accumulated. He dedicated the temple to Yahweh, the God of Israel.[7] He is portrayed as great in wisdom, wealth and power beyond either of the previous kings of the country, but also as a king who sinned. His sins included idolatry, marrying foreign women and, ultimately, turning away from Yahweh, and they led to the kingdom's being torn in two during the reign of his son Rehoboam.[8]

Solomon is the subject of many other later references and legends, most notably in the 1st-century apocryphal work known as the Testament of Solomon. In the New Testament, he is portrayed as a teacher of wisdom excelled by Jesus,[9] and as arrayed in glory, but excelled by "the lilies of the field".[10] In later years, in mostly non-biblical circles, Solomon also came to be known as a magician and an exorcist, with numerous amulets and medallion seals dating from the Hellenistic period invoking his name.[11]



Children


Offspring of Solomon and Naamah (queen)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Rehoboam (974 BC-915 BC) 974 Land of Canaan 915 Land of Canaan Mahalath bat Jerimoth
Abihail bat Eliab
Maacah bat Absalom



Siblings


Offspring of David (c1040 BC-c970 BC) and Ahinoam
Name Birth Death Joined with
Amnon


Offspring of David (c1040 BC-c970 BC) and Abigail (given name)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Chileab


Offspring of David (c1040 BC-c970 BC) and Maachah
Name Birth Death Joined with
Absalom ben David 9999 Land of Canaan 9999 Land of Canaan
Tamar


Offspring of David (c1040 BC-c970 BC) and Haggith
Name Birth Death Joined with
Adonijah


Offspring of David (c1040 BC-c970 BC) and Abital
Name Birth Death Joined with
Shephatiah


Offspring of David (c1040 BC-c970 BC) and Eglah
Name Birth Death Joined with
Ithream


Offspring of David (c1040 BC-c970 BC) and Bathsheba
Name Birth Death Joined with
Shammua
Shobab
Nathan ben David 1015 Jerusalem, Kingdom of Judah, Israel
Solomon of Judah 9999 Land of Canaan 9999 Land of Canaan Naamah (queen)


Offspring of David (c1040 BC-c970 BC) and Other wives
Name Birth Death Joined with
Ibhar
Elishua
Eliphelet
Nogah
Nepheg
Japhia
Elishama
Eliada
Jerimoth


Solomon of Judah
34th Biblical Patriarch
Regnal titles
Preceded by
David
3rd King of Judah
970 – 931 BC
Succeeded by
Rehoboam


References


Footnotes (including sources)

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.
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