Looking into Batemans Bay from the south
|Federal Division:||Eden-Monaro and Gilmore|
The South Coast refers to the narrow coastal belt from Sydney in the north to the border with Victoria in the south in the south-eastern part of the State of New South Wales, Australia. It is bordered to the west by the coastal escarpment of the Southern Tablelands, which is largely covered by a series of national parks. To the east is the coastline of the Pacific Ocean, which is characterised by rolling farmlands, small towns and villages along a rocky coastline, interspersed by numerous beaches and lagoons (known in Australia as lakes, especially in place names).
The South Coast includes Shoalhaven district in the north and the Bega Valley in the more remote south as well as the Eurobodalla Shire and the Commonwealth Jervis Bay Territory which is adjacent to the City of Shoalhaven Local Government Area. However City Of Shellharbour and Municipallity of Kiama Is actually classified as being part of the South Coast Region, although City of Wollongong is now not classified as being part of the region. City Of Shoalhaven has been however included as part of the Illawarra around Nowra. Some definitions of the region include the Illawarra, from Shellharbour onwards however it is often seen as a separate and distinct region of New South Wales.
The region has a mild, warm temperate climate. Maximum temperatures range from around 30 °C (86 °F) in summer to approximately 17 °C (62 °F) in winter. However, rainfall tends toward erratic as falls can occur in heavy, but often irregular, storms. These storms may occur at any time of year, but are most frequent in late autumn and early winter. When a strong anticyclone is located to the south of the of these low-pressure systems, rainfalls of up to 350mm (14 inches) in a day and 500mm (20 inches) in two days may occur. For example, in May 1925 the region received an averages of as much as 860 millimetres (33 inches) of rain, with some places receiving as much as 1,270mm (50 inches) for the month. However, in dry years the region can receive as little as 400mm (16 inches) for an entire year. Another example: Bega received 380mm (15 inches) in May 1944 and over 400mm (16 inches) in two days during April 1945 - but only around 200mm (8 inches) in the ten months in between.
The Illawarra Steam Navigation Company serviced the south coast and Illawarra by ship transporting passengers and goods from the 1850s to the 1950s.
The CityRail South Coast Line services Berry station before it terminates at Bomaderry railway station, situated approximately 123 km south of Sydney on the northern side of the Shoalhaven River. Bus services operate to locations south of Nowra.
The South Coast region is traversed by the Princes Highway which links Sydney and Melbourne by the coast, but is longer than Hume Highway which is the direct route between the two cities. The region is reached from Canberra to the west by the Kings Highway.
Road linkages north to Sydney were only completed in the second half of the twentieth century when the Clyde River was bridged at Batemans Bay in 1956. Before that a punt was used to cross the river. The bridge at Narooma had been completed in 1931 and was the first major bridge constructed on the Princes Highway by the Main Roads Board as part of its efforts to develop the Princes Highway which had been opened in 1920.
Major towns on the South Coast include:
- City of Shellharbour towns include: Albion Park, Oak Flats, Shellharbour
- Municipality of Kiama towns include: Kiama, Gerringong, Jamberoo
- City of Shoalhaven towns include: Berry, Nowra, Ulladulla, Culburra Beach
- The Eurobodalla Shire towns of Batemans Bay, Moruya and Narooma
- The Bega Valley towns of Bega and Eden
- ^ for example "Regional map". Bureau of Meteorology (Australia). http://www.bom.gov.au/weather/nsw/nsw-forecast-map.shtml. Retrieved 2006-11-12. and "Regional New South Wales". Department of State and Regional Development. http://www.business.nsw.gov.au/regions.asp. Retrieved 2006-11-13. . For further references see article on Regions of New South Wales.
- ^ Australian Bureau of Meteorology: Temperate Zone
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at South Coast (New South Wales). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|