Spătar is an historical rank used in the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. It originated in the (singular: Latin: spatharius; Greek: σπαθάριος, literally "spatha-bearer").

The highest ranking official with this title was the Mare Spătar (or Great Spătar) who originally was in charge in bearing the sword of the voivode during important ceremonies.

In Wallachia, the spătar was the commander of the army. He took part in the princely councils. In carying out his duties, he was assisted by the second and third spătar, as well as by various agents called the baș-buluc-bașa, the captain of lefegii, and various spătărei.

He also carried out judicial and police assignments regarding burglaries, thefts, street fights, drukness and others. He was also empowered to issue passports.

In Moldavia, the spătar did not have any military responsibilities. He generallhy carried out administative and judicial duties. The Great Spătar also had the function of Starorte of Cernăuți. In the 18th century, the Great Spătar also had the competence of sentencing foreigners.


  • Mihai Dim. Sturdza - Familiile boiereşti din Moldova şi Ţara Românească - Vol. I - Ed. Simetria, 2004 - ISBN 973-85821-7-2