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St. Clair County, Alabama
St. Clair County Courthouse in Pell City, Alabama.JPG
St. Clair County Courthouse in Pell City
Flag of St. Clair County, Alabama
Flag
Map of Alabama highlighting St. Clair County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded November 20, 1818[1]
Named for Arthur St. Clair
Seat Ashville & Pell City
Largest city Pell City
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

654 sq mi (1,694 km²)
632 sq mi (1,637 km²)
22 sq mi (57 km²), 3.3
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

91,103
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.stclairco.com
Footnotes: *County Number 59 on Alabama Licence Plates

St. Clair County is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Alabama.[1] As of the 2020 census, the population was 91,103.[2] It has two county seats: Ashville and Pell City.[3] It is one of two counties in Alabama, and one of 33 in the United States, with more than one county seat. Its name is in honor of General Arthur St. Clair, an officer in the French and Indian War.[1] St. Clair County is included in the Birmingham-Hoover, Alabama Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

St. Clair County was established on November 20, 1818, by the Alabama Territory legislature by splitting the area from Shelby County.[1][4] The county seat was incorporated and named "Ashville" in honor of John Ash.[1] In 1836, a portion of St. Clair County was separated to establish Cherokee County and DeKalb County. In 1866, after the Civil War, a northeast section of the county was used to create Etowah County.[1]

Due to the relatively high terrain of the far southern end of the Appalachian Mountains which divides the county in a northeast–southwest orientation, and the difficulty of communication and administration from either side of the county to the other, a second county seat was established in Pell City to better provide administration and services to the southeast side of the county.[5]

In 2019, St. Clair County became the seventh county in Alabama to adopt its own flag.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 654 square miles (1,690 km2), of which 632 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 22 square miles (57 km2) (3.3%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[]

Transportation[]

Major highways[]

  • I-20 (AL).svg Interstate 20
  • I-59 (AL).svg Interstate 59
  • US 11.svg U.S. Route 11
  • US 78.svg U.S. Route 78
  • US 231.svg U.S. Route 231
  • US 411.svg U.S. Route 411
  • Alabama 23.svg State Route 23
  • Alabama 34.svg State Route 34
  • Alabama 144.svg State Route 144
  • Alabama 174.svg State Route 174

Rail[]

  • Alabama and Tennessee River Railway
  • Norfolk Southern Railway

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 4,166
1830 5,975 43.4%
1840 5,638 −5.6%
1850 6,829 21.1%
1860 11,013 61.3%
1870 9,360 −15.0%
1880 14,462 54.5%
1890 17,353 20.0%
1900 19,425 11.9%
1910 20,715 6.6%
1920 23,383 12.9%
1930 24,510 4.8%
1940 27,336 11.5%
1950 26,687 −2.4%
1960 25,388 −4.9%
1970 27,956 10.1%
1980 41,205 47.4%
1990 50,009 21.4%
2000 64,742 29.5%
2010 83,593 29.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2020[2]

2000 census[]

At the 2000 census there were 64,742 people, 24,143 households, and 18,445 families living in the county. The population density was 102 people per square mile (39/km2). There were 27,303 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile (17/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.03% White, 8.13% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 1.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[11] In 2000 the largest ancestry groups in St. Clair county were:

  • English 71%
  • Irish 13.1%
  • African 8.13%
  • German 8%
  • Scots-Irish 3.5%
  • Dutch 2.4%
  • Scottish 2%

Of the 24,143 households 35.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.80% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.60% were non-families. 20.80% of households were one person and 8.20% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.01.

The age distribution was 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.

The median household income was $37,285 and the median family income was $43,152. Males had a median income of $33,914 versus $24,433 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,960. About 9.60% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.20% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

At the 2010 census there were 83,593 people, 31,624 households, and 23,364 families living in the county. The population density was 132 people per square mile (51/km2). There were 35,541 housing units at an average density of 56 per square mile (22/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.2% White, 8.6% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. 2.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[12] Of the 31,624 households 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.1% were non-families. 22.5% of households were one person and 8.5% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.02.

The age distribution was 23.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% 65 or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.3 males.

The median household income was $48,837 and the median family income was $56,107. Males had a median income of $43,287 versus $32,843 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,192. About 8.3% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census[]

St. Clair County racial composition[13]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 74,962 82.28%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 8,617 9.46%
Native American 249 0.27%
Asian 655 0.72%
Pacific Islander 20 0.02%
Other/Mixed 4,025 4.42%
Hispanic or Latino 2,575 2.83%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 91,103 people, 32,829 households, and 25,409 families residing in the county.

Government[]

United States presidential election results for St. Clair County, Alabama[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 36,166 81.38% 7,744 17.43% 531 1.19%
2016 31,651 82.42% 5,589 14.55% 1,160 3.02%
2012 29,031 82.39% 5,801 16.46% 403 1.14%
2008 27,649 81.11% 6,091 17.87% 348 1.02%
2004 23,500 80.59% 5,456 18.71% 205 0.70%
2000 17,117 71.05% 6,485 26.92% 488 2.03%
1996 12,762 62.29% 6,187 30.20% 1,540 7.52%
1992 12,447 57.56% 6,517 30.14% 2,660 12.30%
1988 10,604 70.71% 4,335 28.91% 58 0.39%
1984 10,408 71.02% 4,000 27.30% 246 1.68%
1980 7,768 56.89% 5,236 38.35% 650 4.76%
1976 4,877 44.87% 5,653 52.01% 339 3.12%
1972 6,952 79.82% 1,538 17.66% 220 2.53%
1968 1,635 16.86% 869 8.96% 7,193 74.18%
1964 4,813 70.76% 0 0.00% 1,989 29.24%
1960 2,589 45.90% 3,039 53.88% 12 0.21%
1956 2,441 49.07% 2,420 48.64% 114 2.29%
1952 1,590 40.54% 2,326 59.31% 6 0.15%
1948 1,063 35.67% 0 0.00% 1,917 64.33%
1944 1,117 37.86% 1,819 61.66% 14 0.47%
1940 1,540 38.27% 2,462 61.18% 22 0.55%
1936 1,464 37.73% 2,399 61.83% 17 0.44%
1932 1,449 39.43% 2,185 59.46% 41 1.12%
1928 2,581 66.25% 1,313 33.70% 2 0.05%
1924 1,432 50.64% 1,281 45.30% 115 4.07%
1920 2,561 55.04% 1,934 41.56% 158 3.40%
1916 851 44.81% 987 51.97% 61 3.21%
1912 260 14.37% 787 43.50% 762 42.12%
1908 782 43.59% 820 45.71% 192 10.70%
1904 593 30.55% 908 46.78% 440 22.67%
1900 1,171 47.89% 794 32.47% 480 19.63%
1896 603 26.46% 1,604 70.38% 72 3.16%
1892 78 2.97% 1,079 41.03% 1,473 56.01%
1888 640 29.77% 1,489 69.26% 21 0.98%



Communities[]

Cities[]

Towns[]

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Acmar
  • Cooks Springs
  • Cropwell
  • Hill Number 1
  • New London
  • Pinedale Shores
  • Prescott
  • Sportsmen Lake
  • St. Clair Springs
  • Wattsville
  • Whitney

Former Towns[]

  • Branchville (now a neighborhood in Odenville)

Places of interest[]

St. Clair County is home to Logan Martin Lake. It also contains Horse Pens 40, a private outdoor park on top of Chandler Mountain.

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in St. Clair County, Alabama
  • Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in St. Clair County, Alabama

References[]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "ACES Winston County Office" (links/history), Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES), 2007, webpage: ACES-St.Clair.
  2. ^ a b "QuickFacts: St. Clair County, Alabama; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/stclaircountyalabama/POP010220. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  4. ^ A digest of the laws of the State of Alabama: containing the statutes and resolutions in force at the end of the General Assembly in January, 1823. Published by Ginn & Curtis. New York, 1828. Title 10. Chapter XIX. pp. 88-89. "An Act to alter and ascertain more particularly the Boundaries of the County of Shelby and to lay off a new County in the northeast part thereof, to be called and known by the name of St. Clair County--Passed November 20 1818." (Google Books)
  5. ^ James Spann. Television broadcast on WBMA-LD (ABC 33/40). Birmingham, AL. March 25, 2021.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_01.txt. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/al190090.txt. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US01115&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 33°42′57″N 86°19′05″W / 33.71583, -86.31806

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at St. Clair County, Alabama. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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