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St. Lawrence County, New York
Raquette (1).jpg
The Raquette River in Colton, New York
Flag of St. Lawrence County, New York
Flag
Seal of St. Lawrence County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting St. Lawrence County
Location in the state of New York (state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded 1802 (1802)
Named for Saint Lawrence River
Seat Canton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,821 sq mi (7,306 km²)
2,680 sq mi (6,941 km²)
141 sq mi (365 km²), 5.0
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

108,505
40.5/sq mi (16/km²)
Congressional district 21st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.stlawco.org

St. Lawrence County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2020 census, the population was 108,505.[1]The county seat is Canton.[2] The county is named for the Saint Lawrence River, which in turn was named for the Christian saint Lawrence of Rome, on whose feast day the river was visited by French explorer Jacques Cartier.

St. Lawrence County comprises the Ogdensburg-Massena, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area and is New York's largest county by area.

History[]

When counties were established in the Province of New York in 1683, the present St. Lawrence County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous territory, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. The county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766, by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770, by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. The other two were called Tryon County (later renamed Montgomery County) and Charlotte County (later renamed Washington County). Tryon County contained the western portion (and, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County includes what are now 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York. Charlotte County contained the eastern portion of Albany County.

In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name "Charlotte County" was changed to Washington County to honor George Washington, the American Revolutionary War general and later President of the United States of America. Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died trying to capture the city of Quebec; it replaced the name of the hated British governor.

In 1788, Clinton County was split off from Washington County. This was a much larger area than the present Clinton County, including part of what would later become St. Lawrence County, as well as several other counties or county parts of the present New York State.

In 1789, the size of Montgomery County was reduced by the splitting off of Ontario County from Montgomery. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.

St. Lawrence County is part of Macomb's Purchase of 1791.

In 1791, Herkimer County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery (the other two being Otsego, and Tioga County). This was much larger than the present county, however, and was reduced by a number of subsequent splits. The first was the splitting off in 1794 of Onondaga County. This county was larger than the current Onondaga County, including the present Cayuga, Cortland, and part of Oswego Counties. This was followed by the splitting off in 1798 from Herkimer County of two portions: one, Oneida County, was larger than the current Oneida County, including the present Jefferson, Lewis, and part of Oswego Counties; another portion, together with a portion of Tioga County, was taken to form Chenango County.

In 1799, Clinton County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Essex County from Clinton County.

In 1802, parts of Clinton, Herkimer, and Montgomery Counties were taken to form the new St. Lawrence County. At that time Ogdensburg was the county seat. In 1828 the county seat was moved to Canton. The selection of Canton as the county was a compromise by the state legislature to end competition between factions supporting Ogdensburg and Potsdam for the county seat.

Earthquake[]

On September 5, 1944, a 5.8 magnitude earthquake centered in Massena struck the county. The earthquake was felt from Canada south to Maryland, and from Maine west to Indiana. The earthquake was the strongest earthquake in New York State history.

Geography[]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,821 square miles (7,310 km2), of which 2,680 square miles (6,900 km2) is land and 141 square miles (370 km2) (5.0%) is water.[3] It is the largest county by area in New York. It is larger than the entire state of Rhode Island (1544.9 square miles) and the state of Delaware (2488.72 square miles).

Part of the county is in the Adirondack Park and includes much of the Oswegatchie River, Cranberry Lake and Lake Ozonia.

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 7,885
1820 16,037 103.4%
1830 36,354 126.7%
1840 56,706 56.0%
1850 68,617 21.0%
1860 83,689 22.0%
1870 84,826 1.4%
1880 85,997 1.4%
1890 85,048 −1.1%
1900 89,083 4.7%
1910 89,005 −0.1%
1920 88,121 −1.0%
1930 90,960 3.2%
1940 91,098 0.2%
1950 98,897 8.6%
1960 111,239 12.5%
1970 111,991 0.7%
1980 114,254 2.0%
1990 111,974 −2.0%
2000 111,931 0%
2010 111,944 0%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790–1960[5] 1900–1990[6]
1990–2000[7] 2010–2020[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 113,931 people, 40,506 households, and 26,936 families residing in the county. The population density was Template:Convert/pd/sqmi. There were 49,721 housing units at an average density of 18/sq mi (6.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.51% White, 2.38% African American, 0.87% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.79% of the population. 16.9% were of French, 16.1% Irish, 13.9% American, 11.6% English, 8.1% French Canadian, 7.9% German and 7.6% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.6% spoke English, 1.2% Spanish and 3.2% French as their first language.

There were 40,506 households, out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.50% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.50% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.40% under the age of 18, 13.80% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 103.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,356, and the median income for a family was $34,510. Males had a median income of $30,135 versus $24,253 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,728. About 12.30% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.30% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.

Education[]

School districts[]

There are 17 school districts centered in St. Lawrence County, all under the jurisdiction of the St. Lawrence-Lewis BOCES Supervisory District along with Harrisville Central School District in Lewis County, New York.

  • Brasher Falls Central School District: St. Lawrence Central School, Brasher Falls
  • Canton Central School District: Hugh Williams Senior High School, Canton
  • Clifton-Fine Central School District: Clifton-Fine Central School, Star Lake
  • Colton-Pierrepont Central School District: Colton-Pierrepont Central School, Colton
  • Edwards-Knox Central School District: Edwards-Knox Central School, Russell
  • Gouverneur Central School District: Gouverneur Junior/Senior High School, Gouverneur
  • Hammond Central School District: Hammond Central School, Hammond
  • Hermon-Dekalb Central School District: Hermon-Dekalb Central School, Dekalb Junction
  • Heuvelton Central School District: Heuvelton Central School, Heuvelton
  • Lisbon Central School District: Lisbon Central School, Lisbon
  • Madrid-Waddington Central School District: Madrid-Waddington Central School, Madrid
  • Massena Central School District: Massena Senior High School, Massena
  • Morristown Central School District: Morristown Central School, Morristown
  • Norwood-Norfolk Central School District: Norwood-Norfolk Central School, Norfolk
  • Ogdensburg City School District: Ogdensburg Free Academy, Ogdensburg
  • Parishville-Hopkinton Central School District: Parishville-Hopkinton Central School, Parishville
  • Potsdam Central School District: Potsdam High School, Potsdam

All public high schools in St. Lawrence County compete in the New York State Public High School Athletic Association Section X Northern Athletic Conference.

Universities and colleges[]

Saint Lawrence County is home to St. Lawrence University, State University of New York at Potsdam, Clarkson University, the SUNY-ESF Ranger School, and the State University of New York at Canton.

Politics[]

United States presidential election results for St. Lawrence County, New York[9]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 24,608 54.80% 19,361 43.11% 938 2.09%
2016 19,942 50.93% 16,488 42.11% 2,728 6.97%
2012 15,138 40.70% 21,353 57.41% 700 1.88%
2008 16,956 41.03% 23,706 57.36% 664 1.61%
2004 18,029 43.17% 22,857 54.73% 875 2.10%
2000 16,449 41.34% 21,386 53.75% 1,951 4.90%
1996 10,827 28.14% 21,798 56.65% 5,852 15.21%
1992 13,901 32.85% 18,197 43.00% 10,219 24.15%
1988 20,290 51.39% 18,921 47.92% 270 0.68%
1984 26,062 61.83% 15,963 37.87% 124 0.29%
1980 18,437 46.53% 17,006 42.92% 4,181 10.55%
1976 22,249 55.71% 17,503 43.83% 182 0.46%
1972 26,145 63.00% 15,286 36.83% 72 0.17%
1968 20,982 55.31% 15,662 41.29% 1,289 3.40%
1964 12,102 29.30% 29,173 70.62% 32 0.08%
1960 25,848 57.06% 19,430 42.89% 24 0.05%
1956 31,897 74.54% 10,892 25.46% 0 0.00%
1952 28,036 68.27% 13,000 31.65% 32 0.08%
1948 21,160 60.59% 13,200 37.80% 565 1.62%
1944 21,919 58.89% 15,223 40.90% 77 0.21%
1940 24,339 60.86% 15,569 38.93% 82 0.21%
1936 26,031 65.81% 12,763 32.27% 762 1.93%
1932 22,650 63.48% 12,687 35.56% 343 0.96%
1928 25,804 66.23% 12,567 32.26% 589 1.51%
1924 22,583 71.50% 7,103 22.49% 1,898 6.01%
1920 24,651 75.60% 7,213 22.12% 742 2.28%
1916 13,142 66.77% 6,056 30.77% 485 2.46%
1912 8,404 44.89% 5,329 28.47% 4,988 26.64%
1908 14,151 67.87% 5,898 28.29% 800 3.84%
1904 15,274 70.43% 5,798 26.74% 614 2.83%
1900 15,296 71.02% 5,699 26.46% 544 2.53%
1896 15,287 70.97% 5,749 26.69% 505 2.34%
1892 13,177 64.17% 6,156 29.98% 1,202 5.85%
1888 14,611 67.56% 6,509 30.10% 508 2.35%
1884 13,441 67.86% 6,035 30.47% 331 1.67%



Prior to the 1992 Presidential Election, St. Lawrence County was a traditionally Republican county, supporting the Democrats only in their sweep of New York State counties in 1964. From 1992 through the 2012 election, St. Lawrence County swung Democratic, posting double-digit victories for Democratic candidates, most notably in 1996 when Bill Clinton won the county by 28-point margin over Bob Dole. The first Republican victory in the county since 1988 came in 2016 when Donald Trump carried the county by an eight-point margin. In 2020, it was one of only a few counties in Upstate New York where Trump improved his margin, this time carrying it by over 10 points.

Media[]

Radio[]

  • 1340 WMSA, Massena[10]
  • WVLF-FM Mix 96.1[11]
  • WRCD-FM 101.5 The Fox[12]
  • WSNN (99.3, Potsdam)
  • WPDM (1470, Potsdam)
  • WSLU (89.5, Canton)

Transportation[]

Airports[]

The following public use airports are located in the county:

  • Massena International Airport (MSS) – Massena
  • Ogdensburg International Airport (OGS) – Ogdensburg
  • Potsdam Municipal Airport (PTD) – Potsdam
  • Moores Airport (1E8) – Degrasse

Communities[]

Larger settlements[]

# Location Population Type Area
1 Akwasasne About 12,000 CDP/Reservation Riverside
2 Massena 10,883 Village Riverside
3 Ogdensburg 10,436 City Riverside
4 Potsdam 9,428 Village East
5 Canton 6,314 Village Center
6 Gouverneur 3,949 Village Riverside
7 Norwood 1,560 Village Riverside
8 Norfolk 1,327 CDP Riverside
9 Hannawa Falls 1,042 CDP East
10 Waddington 972 Village Riverside
11 Star Lake 809 CDP South
12 Madrid 757 CDP Riverside
13 Heuvelton 714 Village Riverside
14 Brasher Falls 669 CDP East
15 Parishville 647 CDP East
16 Hailesboro 624 CDP South
17 DeKalb Junction 519 CDP East
18 Winthrop 510 CDP East
19 Edwards 439 CDP South
20 Hermon 422 CDP Center
21 Morristown 395 Village Riverside
22 Colton 345 CDP East
23 Rensselaer Falls 332 Village Riverside
24 Richville 323 Village South
25 Hammond 280 Village Riverside
26 Cranberry Lake 200 CDP Southeast

† - County Seat

‡ - Not Wholly in this County

Towns[]

  • Brasher
  • Canton
  • Clare
  • Clifton
  • Colton
  • De Kalb
  • De Peyster
  • Edwards
  • Fine
  • Fowler
  • Gouverneur
  • Hammond
  • Hermon
  • Hopkinton
  • Lawrence
  • Lisbon
  • Louisville
  • Macomb
  • Madrid
  • Massena
  • Morristown
  • Norfolk
  • Oswegatchie
  • Parishville
  • Piercefield
  • Pierrepont
  • Pitcairn
  • Potsdam
  • Rossie
  • Russell
  • Stockholm
  • Waddington

Hamlets[]

  • Conifer
  • Crary Mills
  • Helena
  • Massena Center
  • Morley
  • Newton Falls
  • Pyrites
  • Rooseveltown
  • South Colton
  • Wanakena
  • Chase Mills

See also[]

  • List of counties in New York
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in St. Lawrence County, New York
  • St. Lawrence County Public Transportation

References[]

External links[]

Coordinates: 44°30′N 75°04′W / 44.50, -75.07


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at St. Lawrence County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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