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The '''Stanley family''' or '''Audley-Stanley family''' is a family with many notable members including the [[Earls of Derby]] and [[Baron Audley|Barons Audley]] who are descended from the early holders of [[Audley, Staffordshire]], England. The '''Audley family''' in the male line has lost prominence after their considerable estates were passed by a number of female heiresses in different branches of the family.
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The '''Audley-Stanley family''' is a family with many notable members including the [[Earls of Derby]] who are descended from the early holders of [[Audley, Staffordshire]], England.
 
The use of "Stanley" as a first name began with political followers of the family.
 
   
 
==Origins==
 
==Origins==
The first mention of [[Audley, Staffordshire]] is in the [[Domesday book]] of 1086, when it was called Aldidelege (Aldithley), when the lands were held by an English [[thegn]] called Gamel. The descent of the Audley and Stanley families can be traced back as far as an Englishman named Ligulf of Aldithley, who held the estate not long after the Domesday survey but whose relationship, if any, to Gamel is unknown. The family later fabricated a Norman origin, at that time more prestigious than an English one, by presenting Ligulf, despite his non-Norman name and the English etymology of Aldithley, as the lord of a fictitious 'Aldithley in Normandy', and his son Adam as a follower of [[William the Conqueror]].
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The first mention of Audley is in the [[Domesday book]] of 1086, when it was called Aldidelege (Aldithley), when the lands were held by an English [[thegn]] called Gamel. The descent of the Audley and Stanley families can be traced back as far as an Englishman named Ligulf of Aldithley, who held the estate not long after the Domesday survey but whose relationship, if any, to Gamel is unknown. The family later fabricated a Norman origin, at that time more prestigious than an English one, by presenting Ligulf, despite his non-Norman name and the English etymology of Aldithley, as the lord of a fictitious 'Aldithley in Normandy', and his son Adam as a follower of [[William the Conqueror]].
   
 
The extended Audley family, originally of Audley Castle but who later built (or re-built) [[Heighley Castle]], [[Madeley, Staffordshire]] in 1226, had several additional households including Red Castle at [[Hawkstone]] in [[Shropshire]], Buglawton Manor in [[Congleton]], Newhall Tower at [[Newhall, Cheshire]] <ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.pastscape.org/hob.aspx?hob_id=1391047 |website=pastscape.org |title=Newhall Tower |accessdate=13 May 2016 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160804104229/http://www.pastscape.org/hob.aspx?hob_id=1391047 |archivedate=4 August 2016 |df= }}</ref> and a home in [[Nantwich]].<ref>[http://www.madeleyvillage.co.uk/heighleycastle.htm madeleyvillage.co.uk] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100627180457/http://www.madeleyvillage.co.uk/heighleycastle.htm |date=June 27, 2010 }}</ref> In the early 12th century Adam's grandson William married Joan de Stanley heiress of Stoneleigh, [[Staffordshire]] thereby becoming William de Stanley of Stoneleigh. This branch of the Audley thus took the name Stanley and [[Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby]] was a direct descendant.
==History==
 
The extended Audley family, originally of Audley Castle but who later built (or re-built) [[Heighley Castle]], [[Madeley, Staffordshire]] in 1226, had several additional households including Red Castle at [[Hawkstone]] in [[Shropshire]], Buglawton Manor in [[Congleton]], Newhall Tower at [[Newhall, Cheshire]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.pastscape.org/hob.aspx?hob_id=1391047 |website=pastscape.org |title=Newhall Tower |access-date=13 May 2016 |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160804104229/http://www.pastscape.org/hob.aspx?hob_id=1391047 |archive-date=4 August 2016 |df= }}</ref> and a home in [[Nantwich]].<ref>[http://www.madeleyvillage.co.uk/heighleycastle.htm madeleyvillage.co.uk] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100627180457/http://www.madeleyvillage.co.uk/heighleycastle.htm |date=June 27, 2010 }}</ref> In the early 12th century Adam's grandson William married Joan de Stanley heiress of Stoneleigh, [[Staffordshire]] thereby becoming William de Stanley of Stoneleigh. This branch of the Audley thus took the name Stanley and [[Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby]] was a direct descendant.
 
   
The main line of the Audley family, who had become [[Baron Audley]] in 1313, failed in 1391 when [[Nicholas Audley, 3rd Baron Audley]] died without a male heir. His sister Joanne married Sir John Tuchet (b 1327) for whose descendant [[John Tuchet, 4th Baron Audley|John Tuchet]] (b 1371) the title of 4th [[Baron Audley]] was granted in 1408. He was succeeded by his son [[James Touchet, 5th Baron Audley]]. Later generations of the Tuchets became [[Earl of Castlehaven]].
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The main line of the Audley family, who had become [[Baron Audley]] in 1313, failed in 1391 when [[Nicholas Audley, 3rd Baron Audley]] died without a male heir. His sister Joanne married Sir John Tuchet (b 1327) for whose descendant [[John Tuchet, 4th Baron Audley|John Tuchet]] (b 1371) the title of 4th [[Baron Audley]] was granted in 1408. He was succeeded by his son [[James Touchet, 5th Baron Audley]]. Later generations of the Tuchets became [[Earl of Castlehaven]].
   
Another branch of the Audley family was created by Hugh Audley of [[Stratton Audley]], Baron Audley from 1317, whose son became 1st [[Earl of Gloucester]]. His daughter and heir [[Margaret de Audley, 2nd Baroness Audley]], was abducted by [[Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford]], to become his second wife, which despite some scandal, the king allowed.
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Another branch of the Audley family was created by Hugh Audley of [[Stratton Audley]], Baron Audley from 1317, whose son became 1st [[Earl of Gloucester]].
 
The last very prominent male to carry the Audley name was [[Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden]] KG, PC, KS (c. 1488 – 30 April 1544), an English barrister and judge who served as [[Lord Chancellor of England]] from 1533 to 1544, and earlier [[Speaker of the House of Commons]]. In typical Audley style, he left no sons and his estates passed via his daughter [[Margaret Audley, Duchess of Norfolk]] to the [[Howard family]]. She was both the cousin and sister-in-law of [[Lady Jane Grey]], the latter by her first marriage to Lord Henry Dudley, the youngest son of [[John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland]], who later died.
 
 
Between 1405 and 1736 the Stanleys were first [[King of Mann]] and later [[Lord of Mann]] (this with some gaps), a title reflecting the special status of the [[Isle of Man]], that was later sold back to the Crown.
 
   
 
The Audley and Stanley families and their descendants remained prominent throughout the history of [[England]] and [[Ireland]] into modern times. The Stanleys were, at one time, one of the richest landowning families in England.
 
The Audley and Stanley families and their descendants remained prominent throughout the history of [[England]] and [[Ireland]] into modern times. The Stanleys were, at one time, one of the richest landowning families in England.
   
 
==Latham family and "Eagle and child" Coat of Arms==
 
==Latham family and "Eagle and child" Coat of Arms==
In 1385, Isabella de Lathom, the eldest daughter of parents who had no male heir, married [[John I Stanley of the Isle of Man|Sir John Stanley]] and the Latham family (originally Lathom or Lothe Hom "Brick house" from [[Lathom]], [[Lancashire]]) and Stanley families became linked.<ref>[http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/fulltext/hs173x/index.htm History of the House of Stanley - Seacombe]</ref> Following this marriage, the Stanley family adopted the 'eagle and child' arms of the Lathom family and continue to use it to this day.<ref>[http://www.civicheraldry.co.uk/knowsley_mbc.JPG Knowley metropolitan borough arms, Eagle and child]</ref>
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In 1385, Isabella de Lathom, the eldest daughter of parents who had no male heir, married [[John I Stanley of the Isle of Man|Sir John Stanley]] and the Latham family (originally Lathom or Lothe Hom - "Brick house" from [[Lathom]], [[Lancashire]]) and Stanley families became linked.<ref>[http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/fulltext/hs173x/index.htm History of the House of Stanley - Seacombe]</ref> Following this marriage, the Stanley family adopted the 'eagle and child' crest of the Lathom family and continue to use it to this day.<ref>[http://www.civicheraldry.co.uk/knowsley_mbc.JPG Knowley metropolitan borough arms, Eagle and child]</ref>
   
 
==Conservative Party==
 
==Conservative Party==
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* [[Baron Audley]]
 
* [[Baron Audley]]
 
** [[Henry de Audley|Henry de Aldithley/Audley]] c. 1175–1246, Lord of the [[Welsh Marches]], governor of [[Carmarthen]] castle and [[Cardigan Castle]], Sheriff of Salop and Staffordshire from 1216 until 1221, constable of [[Shrewsbury Castle]] and [[Bridgnorth Castle]],Governor of [[Shrewsbury]], [[Chester Castle]] and [[Beeston Castle]], governor of [[Newcastle-under-Lyne]]. He married Bertred Mainwaring.
 
** [[Henry de Audley|Henry de Aldithley/Audley]] c. 1175–1246, Lord of the [[Welsh Marches]], governor of [[Carmarthen]] castle and [[Cardigan Castle]], Sheriff of Salop and Staffordshire from 1216 until 1221, constable of [[Shrewsbury Castle]] and [[Bridgnorth Castle]],Governor of [[Shrewsbury]], [[Chester Castle]] and [[Beeston Castle]], governor of [[Newcastle-under-Lyne]]. He married Bertred Mainwaring.
** [[James Audley (died 1272)|James de Aldithley]] c. 1220–1272, a prominent marcher lord and [[High Sheriff of Staffordshire]] and [[High Sheriff of Shropshire|Shropshire]].
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** [[James de Audley|James de Aldithley]] c. 1220–1272 who married Ela Longespee, daughter of [[William II Longespee]], son of [[William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury]], a son of King [[Henry II of England]] by Ida de Tosny (who would later marry [[Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk]]).
** Emma de Audley c. 1224, daughter of Henry de Audley & Bertrade de Mainwaring, who married [[Gruffydd II ap Madog, Lord of Dinas Bran]] Prince of Powys
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** Emma de Audley c. 1224, daughter of Henry de Audley & Bertrade de Mainwaring and great granddaughter of [[Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester]], who married [[Gruffydd II ap Madog, Lord of Dinas Bran]] Prince of Powys
** [[Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester]] c. 1291 – 10 November 1347
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** [[Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester]] c. 1291–10 November 1347
** [[James Audley]] founder knight of the [[Order of the Garter]] c. 1316–1386
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** [[James Audley]] founder of the [[order of the garter]] c. 1316–1386
** [[Margaret de Audley, 2nd Baroness Audley]] c. 1318–1347, successor of her father, Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester and wife of [[Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford]]
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** [[Margaret de Audley]], daughter of [[Margaret de Clare]] and great-granddaughter of King [[Edward I of England]] c. 1318–1347.
 
** [[James Touchet, 5th Baron Audley]]
 
** [[James Touchet, 5th Baron Audley]]
 
** [[Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden]] [[Lord Chancellor]]
 
** [[Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden]] [[Lord Chancellor]]
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** [[Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby]] 1435–1504
 
** [[Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby]] 1435–1504
 
** [[Thomas Stanley, 2nd Earl of Derby]] 1477–1521
 
** [[Thomas Stanley, 2nd Earl of Derby]] 1477–1521
** [[Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby]] 1509–1572, [[Lord High Steward]].
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** [[Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby]] 1509–1572, [[Lord High Steward]] (whose daughter, Jane, was the great great grandmother of [[Abraham Darby I]], founder of the [[industrial revolution]]).
 
** [[Henry Stanley, 4th Earl of Derby]] 1531–1593, Lord of Mann
 
** [[Henry Stanley, 4th Earl of Derby]] 1531–1593, Lord of Mann
 
** [[Ferdinando Stanley, 5th Earl of Derby|Ferdinando]], the fifth Earl of Derby, Baron Strange of [[Knockin]], 1559–1594, patron of, amongst others, [[William Shakespeare]]
 
** [[Ferdinando Stanley, 5th Earl of Derby|Ferdinando]], the fifth Earl of Derby, Baron Strange of [[Knockin]], 1559–1594, patron of, amongst others, [[William Shakespeare]]
** Lady Frances Stanley 1583–1636, daughter of [[Ferdinando Stanley, 5th Earl of Derby|Ferdinando]] (who married [[John Egerton, 1st Earl of Bridgewater]], son of [[Thomas Egerton, 1st Viscount Brackley]], [[Chancellor of England]], created 1st Lord Ellesmere)
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** Lady Frances Stanley 1583-1636, daughter of [[Ferdinando Stanley, 5th Earl of Derby|Ferdinando]] (who married [[John Egerton, 1st Earl of Bridgewater]], son of [[Thomas Egerton, 1st Viscount Brackley]], [[Chancellor of England]], created 1st Lord Ellesmere)
 
** [[Edward Stanley (disambiguation)|Edward Stanley]], [[Earls of Derby]]
 
** [[Edward Stanley (disambiguation)|Edward Stanley]], [[Earls of Derby]]
 
* [[Stanley (surname)]] List of people with Stanley surname
 
* [[Stanley (surname)]] List of people with Stanley surname
 
==Coats of Arms==
 
 
{{Commons category|Audley arms}}
 
{{Commons category|Stanley arms}}
 
 
<gallery class="center">
 
File:Blason ville fr Moÿ-de-l'Aisne (Aisne).svg|Arms of Audley: ''Gules, fretty or''
 
File:StanleyArms.PNG|Arms of Stanley: ''Argent, on a bend azure three buck's heads cabossed or''
 
</gallery>
 
 
'''Audley Family Arms:'''
 
 
<gallery class="center">
 
File:Armorial Bearings of the AUDLEY family of Much Marcle, Herefordshire.png|Armorial Bearings of the AUDLEY family of Much Marcle, Herefordshire
 
File:Arms of Audley, Earls of Gloucester.png|Arms of Audley, Earls of Gloucester
 
File:Audley.svg|Arms of the Audley Family
 
File:Arms of Sir James Audeley, KG.png|[[James Audley|Arms of Sir James Audeley, KG]]
 
File:Coat of Arms of Sir James Audeley, KG.png|[[James Audley|Arms of Sir James Audeley, KG]]
 
File:COA Tuchet, Barons Audley.svg|[[Baron Audley|Tuchet, Barons Audley]]
 
File:Blason Jacques d'Audley (selon Gelre).svg|Arms of [[James Audley|Arms of Sir James Audeley, KG]] from the Armorial Gelre
 
</gallery>
 
 
'''Arms of the Stanley Family descended from the Audley Family:'''
 
 
<gallery class="center">
 
File:Steven van Herwijck medal of Thomas Stanley reverse.jpg|Medal of Thomas Stanley showing the Audley and Stanley arms
 
File:Arms of Stanley of Alderley.svg|Arms of Stanley of Alderley
 
File:Coat of arms of Sir William Stanley, KG.png|Arms of [[William Stanley (Battle of Bosworth)|Sir William Stanley, KG]]
 
File:Sir John Stanley, Lord Lieut of Ireland, titular King of Man, KG.png|[[John I Stanley of the Isle of Man|Sir John Stanley, King of Man]]
 
File:Coat of Arms of Sir Thomas Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley, KG.png|Arms of [[Thomas Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley]]
 
File:Coat of Arms of Sir Thomas Stanley, 2nd Baron Stanley, KG.png|Sir Thomas Stanley, 2nd Baron Stanley, KG
 
File:Arms of the Earl of Derby 02666.jpg|Arms of the [[Earl of Derby|Earls of Derby]]
 
File:Coat of arms of Sir Edward Stanley, 1st Baron Monteagle, KG.png|[[Edward Stanley, 1st Baron Monteagle|Arms of Sir Edward Stanley, 1st Baron Monteagle]]
 
File:Coat of arms of Sir Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby, KG.png|[[Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby]]
 
File:Quartered arms of Sir Henry Stanley, 4th Earl of Derby, KG.png|[[Henry Stanley, 4th Earl of Derby]]
 
File:KOG-0452-James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby, KG.png|[[James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby]]
 
File:Shield of arms of Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby, KG.png|[[Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby]]
 
File:Shield of arms of Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, KG, GCMG, PC.png|[[Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby]], Prime Minister, 1866-1868
 
</gallery>
 
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
{{Reflist}}
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{{reflist}}
   
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
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* [http://www.mimas.ac.uk/~zzalsaw2/genealogies/powys.html Kings and Lords of Powys]
 
* [http://www.mimas.ac.uk/~zzalsaw2/genealogies/powys.html Kings and Lords of Powys]
   
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Audley-Stanley Family}}
 
[[Category:English families]]
 
[[Category:English families]]
[[Category:Stanley family|*]]
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[[Category:Stanley family (English aristocracy)|*]]
[[Category:Noble families of the United Kingdom]]
 
   
{{usedwp|Stanley family}}
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{{usedwp|Audley-Stanley family}}

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