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Stavropol Krai
—  Federal Subject of Russia  —
Ставропольский край

Flag

Coat of arms
Country Russia
Political status Krai
Federal District North Caucasus
Economic Region North Caucasus
Official language Russian
Established Jan 10, 1934
Administrative center Stavropol
Government
 • Type Legislature
 • Body State Duma
 • Governor Valery Gayevsky
Area
 • Federal Subject of Russia 66,500 km2 (25,700 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Federal Subject of Russia 2,786,100
 • Rank 14th
 • Urban 57.2%
 • Rural 42.8%
ISO 3166 code RU-STA
Vehicle registration 26

Stavropol Krai (Russian: Ставропо́льский край, Stavropolsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai). Its administrative center is the city of Stavropol.

Geography[]

Stavropol Krai encompasses the central part of the Fore-Caucasus and most of the Northern slopes of Caucasus Major. It borders with Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar Krai, the Republic of Kalmykia, the Republic of Dagestan, the Chechen Republic, the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, the Kabardino-Balkar Republic, and the Karachay-Cherkess Republic.

Stavropol is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.

Demographics[]

Population: 2,735,139 (2002 Census); 2,410,379 (1989 Census). The population of Stavropol Krai is concentrated in the Kuban River and Kuma River drainage basin, which used to be traditional Cossack land (see History of Cossacks). The Kuban Cossacks are now generally considered to be ethnic Russians, even though they are still an important minority in their own right in this area. Other notable ethnic groups include the Armenians (mostly Christian Hamsheni) who have been settling here since at least the 18th century.

Ethnic groups: The 2002 Census counted thirty-three ethnic groups of more than two thousand persons each, making this federal subject one of the most multicultural in Russia. The inhabitants identified themselves as belonging to more than 140 different ethnic groups, as shown in the following table:

Population Ethnicity Percentage of total population
2,231,759 Russians 81.6%
149,249 Armenians 5.46%
45,892 Ukrainians 1.68%
40,218 Dargins 1.47%
34,078 Greeks 1.25%
20,680 Nogais 0.76%
19,094 Gypsies 1.47%
15,146 Karachay 0.55%
15,069 Azeris 0.55%
13,937 Turkmens 0.51%
13,208 Chechens 0.50%
12,988 Tatars 0.5%
8,047 Germans 0.28%
7,772 Ossetians 0.26%
7,484 Turks 0.26%
5,744 Kumyks 0.22%
3,902 Kazakhs 0.2%
3,300 Abazin 0.17%

A further 0.26% of the inhabitants declined to state their nationality on the census questionnaire.[1]

Vital Statistics for 2007: Source

  • Birth Rate: 11.22 per 1,000
  • Death Rate: 13.32 per 1,000
  • Net Immigration: +3.5 per 1,000
  • NGR: -0.21% per Year
  • PGR: +0.14% per Year

Administrative divisions[]

Stavropol Krai is divided into 26 rayons (districts} and 10 urban okrugs (urban circles). Together they include 12 towns, 24 urban-type settlements, and 224 selsoviets.

Urban Okrugs (Circles)

Coat of Arms Name of
Urban okrug
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011).
Population
Rank
I Coat of Arms of Stavropol (1994).png Stavropol 244.8 399 800 1
II Coat of Arms of Budyonnovsk (Stavropol krai).png Budyonnovsk 73.32 64 732 8
III Coat of Arms of Georgievsk (Stavropol kray).png Georgievsk 25.0 72 116 7
IV Coat of Arms of Essentuki (Stavropol krai).png Yessentuki 55.0 101 109 5
V Coat of Arms of Zheleznovodsk (Stavropol kray).png Zheleznovodsk 93.17 24 501 9
VI Coat of Arms of Kislovodsk (Stavropol kray).png Kislovodsk 71.83 128 426 3
VII Coat of Arms of Lermontov.png Lermontov 30.0 22 557 10
VIII Coat of Arms of Nevinnomysk (Stavropol kray).png Nevinnomysk 80.0 118 203 4
IX Coat of Arms of Pyatigorsk (Stavropol kray).png Pyatigorsk 97.0 142 549 2
X Coat of Arms of Mineralnye Vody (Stavropol kray).png Mineralnye Vody 51.7 76 832 6

Stavropolskii krai.png

Coat of Arms of Aleksandrovskii rayon.gif
Aleksandrovskoye
Coat of Arms of Andropovskii rayon.gif
Andropov
Apanasenkov
Arzgir
Coat of Arms of Blagodarny.gif
Blagodarnyi
Buden district herb.gif
Budyonnovsk
Coat of Arms of Georgievskii rayon.gif
Georgievsk
Gerb grach.gif
Grachyovka
Izobilnyi
Gerb-Ipatovsky-Reg-Stavropol.gif
Ipatovo
Coat of Arms of Kirovskii rayon.gif Kirov
Kochubeyevskoye
Coat of Arms of Krasnogvardeyskii rayon Stavropolye.gif
Krasnogardeiskoye
Kurskaya
Coat of Arms Levokumskii rayon.gif Levokumskoye
Mineralnye
Vody
Coat of arms of Neftekumsky district (Stavropol territory).gif
Neftekumsk
Coat of Arms of Novoaleksandrovskii rayon.gif
Novo-
aleksandrovsk
Gerb-Novoselitsky-Reg-Stavropol.gif
Novoselitskoye
Coat of Arms of Petrovskii rayon.gif
Petrovsk
Coat of Arms of Predgorny rayon.gif
Predgorny
Coat of Arms of Sovetskii rayon Stavropolskii krai.gif
Sovyet
Gerb-Stepnovsky-Reg-Stavropol.gif Stepnoye
Coat of Arms of Trunovskii rayon.gif
Trunovsk
Turkmensk
Coat of Arms of Shpakovskii rayon.gif
Shpakovsk


Rayons (Districts):

Coat of Arms Name of rayon Area
(km²)
Area
rank
Population
'000 (2010)
Population
rank
Аdministrative
center
Population
'000 (2010)
1 Coat of Arms of Aleksandrovskii rayon.gif Aleksandrovskoye Rayon 2014.3 17 50,061 15 Aleksandrovskoye 27,396
2 Coat of Arms of Andropovskii rayon.gif Andropov Rayon 2388.0 12 34,326 20 Kursavka 11,215
3 - Apanasenkov Rayon 3584.0 5 33,954 21 Divnoe 14,058
4 - Arzgir Rayon 3383.4 6 26,421 23 Arzgir 14,797
5 Coat of Arms of Blagodarny.gif Blagodarnyi Rayon 2471.0 10 63,033 13 Blagodarnyi 32,739
6 Buden district herb.gif Budyonnovsk 3130.0 7 142,271 1 Budyonnovsk 64,732
7 Coat of Arms of Georgievskii rayon.gif Georgievsk Rayon 1919.7 19 92,131 5 Georgievsk -
8 Gerb grach.gif Grachyovka Rayon 1794.0 22 36,027 19 Grachyovka 6,238
9 - Izobilnyi 1935.0 19 100,115 4 Izobilnyi 40,518
10 Gerb-Ipatovsky-Reg-Stavropol.gif- Ipatovo Rayon 4036.0 2 64,821 11 Ipatovo 26,046
11 Coat of Arms of Kirovskii rayon.gif Kirov Rayon 1340.0 26 66,348 10 Novopavlovsk 26,553
12 - Kochubeyevskoye Rayon 2363.4 12 76,708 7 Kochubeyevskoye 26,800
13 Coat of Arms of Krasnogvardeyskii rayon Stavropolye.gif Krasnogardeiskoye Rayon 2263.0 14 40,032 18 Krasnogardeiskoye 15,944
14 - Kurskaya Rayon 3700.0 4 54,100 14 Kurskaya 11,824
15 Coat of Arms Levokumskii rayon.gif Levokumskoye Rayon 4687.2 1 41,545 17 Levokumskoye 11,176
16 - Mineralnye Vody Rayon 1495.0 25 45,553 16 Mineralnye Vody -
17 Coat of arms of Neftekumsky district (Stavropol territory).gif Neftekumsk Rayon 3797.0 3 68,733 9 Neftekumsk 27,716
18 Coat of Arms of Novoaleksandrovskii rayon.gif Novoaleksandrovsk Rayon 2015.7 17 64,161 12 Novoaleksandrovsk 26,741
19 Gerb-Novoselitsky-Reg-Stavropol.gif Novoselitskoye Rayon 1724.5 23 25,265 25 Novoselitskoye 8,569
20 Coat of Arms of Petrovskii rayon.gif Petrovsk Rayon 2761.0 8 78,283 6 Svetlograd 38,496
21 Coat of Arms of Predgorny rayon.gif Predgorny Rayon 2072.6 16 106,295 3 Yessentukskaya 20,173
22 Coat of Arms of Sovetskii rayon Stavropolskii krai.gif Sovyet Rayon 2089.0 15 70,796 8 Zelenokumsk 35,769
23 Gerb-Stepnovsky-Reg-Stavropol.gif Stepnoye Rayon 1887.0 21 22,730 26 Stepnoye 5,951
24 Coat of Arms of Trunovskii rayon.gif Trunovsk Rayon 1685.0 23 34,291 22 Donskoye 14,925
25 - Turkmensk Rayon 2626 9 26,002 24 Letnyaya Stavka 4,881
26 Coat of Arms of Shpakovskii rayon.gif Shpakovsk Rayon 2363.0 13 112,530 2 Mikhailovsk 71,162

Agriculture[]

Irrigated agriculture is well developed in the region. As of the beginning of 2001, Stavropol Krai had 3361 km of irrigation canals, of which 959 km were lined (i.e. had concrete or stone walls, rather than merely soil walls, to reduce the loss of water).[2]

Among the major irrigation canals are:[2]

  • Nevinnomyssk Canal (Невинномысский канал), the trunk of the Kuban-Yegorlyk Irrigation System.
  • The Great Stavropol Canal (Большой Ставропольский канал), transporting water from the Kuban River eastward across the entire krai.
  • The Terek-Kuma Canal and Kuma-Manych Canal, transporting water from the Terek River via the Kuma River to the East Manych River.

See also[]

  • North Caucasus Krai‎
  • Fyodor Kulakov, a former Soviet Governor of Stavropol Krai and was Brezhnev's apparent heir

Notes[]

  1. ^ (2002) "National Composition of Population for Regions of the Russian Federation" (XLS). Retrieved on 2006-07-20. 
  2. ^ a b Общая информация О водных ресурсах края (General information about the water resources of the krai), from the regional government site. (Russian)

References[]

  • Государственная Дума Ставропольского края. №6-кз 12 октября 1994 г. «Устав (основной закон) Ставропольского края», в ред. Закона №34-кз от 10 июня 2008 г. (State Duma of Stavropol Krai. #6-kz October 12, 1994 Charter (Basic Law) of Stavropol Krai, as amended by the Law #34-kz of June 10, 2008. ).

External links[]

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