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Stephenson County, Illinois
Stephenson County Courthouse.jpg
Stephenson County Courthouse
Map of Illinois highlighting Stephenson County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Named for Benjamin Stephenson
Seat Freeport
Largest city Freeport
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

565 sq mi (1,463 km²)
565 sq mi (1,463 km²)
0.5 sq mi (1 km²), 0.09
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

44,630
Congressional district 17th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.stephenson.il.us

Stephenson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2020 United States Census, it had a population of 44,630.[1] Its county seat is Freeport.[2]

Stephenson County is included in the Freeport, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Rockford-Freeport-Rochelle, IL Combined Statistical Area.

History[]

The land that became Stephenson County was first settled by William Waddams in 1832, who founded Waddams Grove.[3] By 1837, population was sufficient to form Stephenson County, taking land from Jo Daviess and Winnebago counties. The county was named for Colonel Benjamin Stephenson, an official of the Illinois Territory.[4]

Geography[]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 565 square miles (1,460 km2), of which 565 square miles (1,460 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.09%) is water.[5]

Climate and weather[]

Climate chart for Freeport, Illinois
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.33
 
25
9
 
 
1.33
 
31
14
 
 
2.14
 
43
25
 
 
3.23
 
57
36
 
 
3.96
 
69
47
 
 
4.46
 
78
57
 
 
3.57
 
82
62
 
 
4.11
 
80
59
 
 
3.67
 
73
50
 
 
2.58
 
61
39
 
 
2.69
 
44
28
 
 
1.72
 
30
16
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years the average temperatures in the county seat of Freeport, have ranged from a low of 9 °F (−13 °C) in January to a high of 82 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of −29 °F (−33.9 °C) was recorded in January 2009 and a record high of 101 °F (38 °C) was recorded in July 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.33 inches (34 mm) in January to 4.46 inches (113 mm) in June.[6]

Adjacent counties[]

Major highways[]

  • Illinois 20.svg US Highway 20
  • Illinois 26.svg Illinois Route 26
  • Illinois 73.svg Illinois Route 73
  • Illinois 75.svg Illinois Route 75

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 2,800
1850 11,666 316.6%
1860 25,112 115.3%
1870 30,608 21.9%
1880 31,963 4.4%
1890 31,338 −2.0%
1900 34,933 11.5%
1910 36,821 5.4%
1920 37,743 2.5%
1930 40,064 6.1%
1940 40,646 1.5%
1950 41,595 2.3%
1960 46,207 11.1%
1970 48,861 5.7%
1980 49,536 1.4%
1990 48,052 −3.0%
2000 48,979 1.9%
2010 47,711 −2.6%
US Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2020[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 47,711 people, 19,845 households, and 13,015 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 84.5 inhabitants per square mile (32.6 /km2). There were 22,081 housing units at an average density of 39.1 per square mile (15.1 /km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 86.5% white, 9.0% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.2% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.9% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 46.6% were German, 12.5% were Irish, 10.0% were English, and 8.0% were American.[12]

Of the 19,845 households, 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.4% were non-families, and 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 43.1 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $43,304 and the median income for a family was $54,224. Males had a median income of $41,672 versus $29,510 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,608. About 12.3% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Education[]

There are five public high schools and one private high Schools in the county: (approximate enrollment included)

Public high schools

  • Freeport High 1,254
  • Lena-Winslow High 299
  • Dakota High 254
  • Pearl City High 150
  • Orangeville High 142

Private high school

  • Aquin Catholic High 93

Communities[]

A northerly look across Stephenson County's western edge from an overlook near Kent

City[]

Town[]

  • Dakota

Villages[]

  • Cedarville
  • Davis
  • German Valley
  • Lena
  • Orangeville
  • Pearl City
  • Ridott
  • Rock City
  • Winslow

Census-designated places[]

  • Baileyville (part)
  • Lake Summerset
  • Willow Lake

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Afolkey
  • Bolton
  • Buckhorn Corners
  • Buena Vista
  • Damascus
  • Eleroy
  • Evarts
  • Florence
  • Kent
  • Loran
  • McConnell
  • Oneco
  • Red Oak
  • Rock Grove
  • Scioto Mills
  • Waddams Grove
  • Winneshiek
  • Yellow Creek

Townships[]

  • Buckeye
  • Dakota
  • Erin
  • Florence
  • Freeport
  • Harlem
  • Jefferson
  • Kent
  • Lancaster
  • Loran
  • Oneco
  • Ridott
  • Rock Grove
  • Rock Run
  • Silver Creek
  • Waddams
  • West Point
  • Winslow

Historic Sites[]

  • Kellogg's Grove

Politics[]

United States presidential election results for Stephenson County, Illinois[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 12,521 56.63% 9,055 40.95% 535 2.42%
2016 11,083 54.48% 7,768 38.19% 1,492 7.33%
2012 10,512 49.75% 10,165 48.11% 451 2.13%
2008 9,909 45.75% 11,349 52.40% 399 1.84%
2004 12,212 57.28% 8,913 41.81% 195 0.91%
2000 10,715 55.29% 8,062 41.60% 601 3.10%
1996 8,871 48.94% 7,145 39.42% 2,109 11.64%
1992 9,005 41.58% 7,899 36.47% 4,752 21.94%
1988 11,342 59.87% 7,460 39.38% 143 0.75%
1984 14,237 67.37% 6,723 31.82% 171 0.81%
1980 10,779 52.87% 6,195 30.39% 3,414 16.75%
1976 11,678 61.02% 7,192 37.58% 267 1.40%
1972 13,584 67.86% 6,404 31.99% 31 0.15%
1968 11,821 59.32% 7,040 35.33% 1,067 5.35%
1964 9,252 46.02% 10,854 53.98% 0 0.00%
1960 13,872 63.07% 8,055 36.62% 68 0.31%
1956 14,245 69.10% 6,349 30.80% 20 0.10%
1952 14,446 68.51% 6,605 31.32% 35 0.17%
1948 10,564 58.29% 7,409 40.88% 149 0.82%
1944 11,948 60.28% 7,755 39.13% 118 0.60%
1940 14,040 60.92% 8,911 38.67% 94 0.41%
1936 9,943 46.59% 10,567 49.51% 832 3.90%
1932 8,963 44.38% 10,728 53.11% 507 2.51%
1928 11,992 67.97% 5,579 31.62% 72 0.41%
1924 8,638 53.27% 2,452 15.12% 5,126 31.61%
1920 9,570 74.64% 2,772 21.62% 479 3.74%
1916 8,620 58.39% 5,463 37.00% 681 4.61%
1912 3,476 38.37% 3,850 42.49% 1,734 19.14%
1908 4,605 50.93% 4,076 45.08% 360 3.98%
1904 4,876 56.63% 3,275 38.03% 460 5.34%
1900 4,677 52.49% 3,983 44.70% 250 2.81%
1896 4,728 54.16% 3,776 43.26% 225 2.58%
1892 3,574 46.76% 3,717 48.63% 352 4.61%



See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/17/17177.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ (October 1934) "Historical News". Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 27 (3). 
  4. ^ "Fifteenth Judicial Circuit". State of Illinois. http://www.state.il.us/court/CircuitCourt/CircuitMap/15th.asp#Stephenson. 
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY10/0500000US17177. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Freeport IL". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USIL0434. 
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/il190090.txt. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  11. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US17177. 
  12. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the United States – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US17177. 
  13. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US17177. 
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 42°21′N 89°40′W / 42.35, -89.67

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Stephenson County, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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