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Steuben County, New York
Rural Stebuen County New York.jpg
Farmland in rural Steuben County
Flag of Steuben County, New York
Flag
Seal of Steuben County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Steuben County
Location in the state of New York (state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded 1796
Named for Baron von Steuben
Seat Bath
Largest city Corning
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,404 sq mi (3,636 km²)
1,391 sq mi (3,603 km²)
14 sq mi (36 km²), 1.0
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

93,584
67.3/sq mi (26/km²)
Congressional district 23rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.steubencony.org

Steuben County /stˈbɛn/ is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2020 census, the population was 93,584.[1] Its county seat is Bath.[2] Its name is in honor of Baron von Steuben, a Prussian general who fought on the American side in the American Revolutionary War, though it is not pronounced the same (German: [fɔn ˈʃtɔʏbn̩]). There is no direct link between Baron von Steuben and modern Steuben County, which he never visited (and in his day was near-wilderness).

Steuben County comprises the Corning, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Elmira-Corning, NY Combined Statistical Area.

History[]

Ontario County was established in 1789 to govern lands the state of New York had acquired in the Phelps and Gorham Purchase; at the time it covered the entirety of Western New York. Steuben County, much larger than today, was split off from Ontario County on March 8, 1796. In 1823 a portion of Steuben County was combined with a portion of Ontario County to form Yates County. Steuben County was further reduced in size on April 17, 1854, when a portion was combined with portions of Chemung and Tompkins counties to form Schuyler County.

Although it is not much mentioned because it does not fit well into the standard narrative of New York State history, in its earliest years Steuben County was demographically and geographically linked to the Susquehanna River basin in Pennsylvania, leading to the port of Baltimore. The Canisteo River, navigable as far as Arkport, emptied into the Chemung River and it into the Susquehanna. There were no natural barriers, like the Cohoes Falls on the Mohawk, to impede transportation, and timber and other agricultural products were easily shipped downriver from what are today (2019) the towns of Addison, Canisteo, and Hornellsville. Prior to the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, followed by the railroads, communication with the Hudson Valley and New York City was difficult. Limited to horses, mules, and donkeys, it was far too expensive to be used to ship bulky agricultural products.

In 1892 a bill was introduced in the Legislature to split Steuben County, with Canisteo, Corning, and "the south towns" becoming Lincoln County. It did not pass.[3]

Geography[]

Steuben County Courthouse in Corning

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,404 square miles (3,640 km2), of which 1,391 square miles (3,600 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (1.0%) is water.[4]

Steuben County is in the southwestern part of New York State, immediately north of the Pennsylvania border. The population of Steuben County according to the 2000 U. S. census was 98,726. The county is in the Southern Tier region of New York State.

Adjacent counties[]

Government and politics[]

Steuben County is governed by a 17-member legislature headed by a chairman

State and federal government[]

United States presidential election results for Steuben County, New York[5]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 29,474 63.83% 15,790 34.19% 915 1.98%
2016 26,831 63.88% 12,526 29.82% 2,645 6.30%
2012 21,954 56.98% 15,787 40.97% 790 2.05%
2008 24,203 57.75% 17,148 40.92% 560 1.34%
2004 26,980 63.81% 14,523 34.35% 781 1.85%
2000 24,200 59.66% 14,600 35.99% 1,763 4.35%
1996 17,710 46.40% 14,481 37.94% 5,980 15.67%
1992 19,761 47.72% 12,043 29.08% 9,606 23.20%
1988 25,359 65.93% 12,824 33.34% 283 0.74%
1984 28,848 73.19% 10,471 26.56% 98 0.25%
1980 22,418 58.73% 12,826 33.60% 2,926 7.67%
1976 23,164 60.93% 14,685 38.63% 166 0.44%
1972 28,708 75.05% 9,462 24.74% 83 0.22%
1968 24,189 62.52% 12,229 31.61% 2,272 5.87%
1964 15,988 39.34% 24,634 60.61% 23 0.06%
1960 29,638 68.06% 13,898 31.91% 13 0.03%
1956 33,902 78.22% 9,440 21.78% 0 0.00%
1952 32,123 74.14% 11,154 25.74% 49 0.11%
1948 22,938 62.44% 12,895 35.10% 903 2.46%
1944 25,538 65.36% 13,461 34.45% 73 0.19%
1940 27,587 65.12% 14,651 34.58% 127 0.30%
1936 24,987 61.23% 14,978 36.70% 845 2.07%
1932 22,986 62.19% 13,219 35.77% 754 2.04%
1928 28,028 69.26% 10,699 26.44% 1,739 4.30%
1924 21,481 66.79% 7,194 22.37% 3,485 10.84%
1920 18,335 65.79% 7,401 26.56% 2,132 7.65%
1916 10,424 53.99% 8,032 41.60% 852 4.41%
1912 5,986 31.54% 7,396 38.97% 5,598 29.49%
1908 12,313 56.33% 8,366 38.27% 1,180 5.40%
1904 12,680 59.66% 7,364 34.65% 1,209 5.69%
1900 12,411 55.51% 8,872 39.68% 1,076 4.81%
1896 12,858 59.47% 7,971 36.87% 793 3.67%
1892 10,577 50.61% 8,307 39.74% 2,017 9.65%
1888 11,637 53.10% 9,154 41.77% 1,126 5.14%
1884 10,048 48.78% 9,060 43.98% 1,491 7.24%



Office District Area of the county Officeholder Party First took office Residence
Congressman New York's 23rd congressional district All[6] Thomas W. Reed II Republican 2010 Corning, Steuben County
State Senator 58th State Senate District All[7] Thomas F. O'Mara Republican 2011 Big Flats, Chemung County
State Assemblyman 132nd State Assembly District All of the county not covered by the 133rd and 148th assembly districts[8] Philip A. Palmesano Republican 2011 Corning, Steuben County
State Assemblyman 133rd State Assembly District The north and northwest parts of the county (Towns of Dansville, Cohocton, Hornellsville, Prattsburgh, Wayland)[9] Vacant
State Assemblyman 148th State Assembly District The southwest corner of the county (Towns of Greenwood, Jasper, Troupsburg, West Union)[10] Joseph M. Giglio Republican 2005 Gowanda, Cattaraugus County

Steuben County is part of:

  • The 7th Judicial District of the New York Supreme Court
  • The 4th Department of the New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 1,788
1810 7,246 305.3%
1820 21,989 203.5%
1830 33,851 53.9%
1840 46,138 36.3%
1850 63,771 38.2%
1860 66,690 4.6%
1870 67,717 1.5%
1880 77,586 14.6%
1890 81,473 5.0%
1900 82,822 1.7%
1910 83,362 0.7%
1920 80,627 −3.3%
1930 82,671 2.5%
1940 84,927 2.7%
1950 91,439 7.7%
1960 97,691 6.8%
1970 99,546 1.9%
1980 99,217 −0.3%
1990 99,088 −0.1%
2000 98,726 −0.4%
2010 98,990 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2020[1]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 98,726 people, 39,071 households, and 26,216 families residing in the county. The population density was 71 people per square mile (27/km2). There were 46,132 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.43% White, 1.36% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.90% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.81% of the population. 18.6% were of German, 15.2% English, 14.4% American, 13.6% Irish and 8.3% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.5% spoke English and 1.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 39,071 households, out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.70% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.00% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,479, and the median income for a family was $41,940. Males had a median income of $32,155 versus $24,163 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,197. About 9.90% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.70% of those under age 18 and 5.80% of those age 65 or over.

Industry[]

The largest employer in Steuben County is Corning, Inc. (formerly Corning Glass Works), the world headquarters of a large firm (34,000 employed worldwide) which manufactures specialty glass and related products. Related is the nearby Corning Museum of Glass. There is a wine industry in Hammondsport, also the headquarters of the Mercury Corporation, a custom manufacturer, formerly of aircraft and aircraft components. There is a museum of aviation, the Glenn H. Curtiss Museum, in Hammondsport. Former industries in Steuben County are the Steuben Glass Works, in Corning, and the Erie Railroad repair shops, in Hornell.

Education[]

There is one institution of post-secondary education in Steuben County: Corning Community College. Alfred University and Elmira College are nearby.

Transportation[]

Major highways[]

  • I-86.svg Interstate 86 (Southern Tier Expressway)
  • NY-17.svg New York State Route 17 (Southern Tier Expressway)
  • I-99.svg Interstate 99
  • US 15.svg U.S. Route 15
  • I-390 (long).svg Interstate 390
  • NY-15.svg New York State Route 15
  • NY-21.svg New York State Route 21
  • NY-36.svg New York State Route 36
  • NY-414.svg New York State Route 414
  • NY-415.svg New York State Route 415
  • NY-417.svg New York State Route 417

Airports[]

Steuben County contains the following public-use airports:

  • Corning-Painted Post Airport in the Town of Erwin, near Corning and Painted Post
  • Hornell Municipal Airport in the City of Hornell

Public Transportation[]

Local bus service is provided by Hornell Area Transit.[16]

Communities[]

Larger Settlements[]

# Location Population Type Area
1 Corning 11,183 City Southeast
2 Hornell 8,563 City West
3 Bath 5,786 Village Northeast
4 Gang Mills 4,185 CDP Southeast
5 Canisteo 2,270 Village West
6 Wayland 1,865 Village Northwest
7 Painted Post 1,809 Village Southeast
8 Addison 1,763 Village Southeast
9 South Corning 1,145 Village Southeast
10 Avoca 946 Village Northwest
11 Arkport 844 Village West
12 Cohocton 838 Village Northwest
13 Savona 827 Village Northeast
14 North Hornell 778 Village West
15 Campbell 713 CDP Southeast
16 Hammondsport 661 Village Northeast
17 ††Prattsburgh 656 CDP Northeast
18 Coopers Plains 598 CDP Southeast
19 Riverside 497 Village Southeast
20 Almond 466 Village West

† - County Seat

†† - Former Village

‡ - Not Wholly in this County

Towns[]

  • Addison
  • Avoca
  • Bath
  • Bradford
  • Cameron
  • Campbell
  • Canisteo
  • Caton
  • Cohocton
  • Corning
  • Dansville
  • Erwin
  • Fremont
  • Greenwood
  • Hartsville
  • Hornby
  • Hornellsville
  • Howard
  • Jasper
  • Lindley
  • Prattsburgh
  • Pulteney
  • Rathbone
  • Thurston
  • Troupsburg
  • Tuscarora
  • Urbana
  • Wayland
  • Wayne
  • West Union
  • Wheeler
  • Woodhull

Hamlets[]

  • Adrian
  • Canisteo Center
  • Gibson
  • South Hornell
  • South Canisteo

See also[]

  • Steuben County Transit System
  • Corning Museum of Glass
  • Corning Community College
  • List of counties in New York
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Steuben County, New York
  • Corning Incorporated

Footnotes[]

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Steuben County, New York". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/steubencountynewyork/PST120221. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "To Divide Steuben County". Middletown Daily Press (Middletown, New York): p. 4. November 28, 1892. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/33125780/to_divide_steuben_county/. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_36.txt. 
  5. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  6. ^ W, Eric (2012-04-02). "Congressional District 23". View 2012 Congressional Maps. Albany, New York: The New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. http://www.latfor.state.ny.us/maps/2012c/fc23.pdf. 
  7. ^ W, Eric (2012-03-02). "Senate District 58". View 2012 Senate District Maps. Albany, New York: The New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. http://www.latfor.state.ny.us/maps/2012s/fs58.pdf. 
  8. ^ W, Eric (2012-01-25). "Assembly District 132". View 2012 Assembly District Maps. Albany, New York: The New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. http://www.latfor.state.ny.us/maps/2012a/fa132.pdf. 
  9. ^ W, Eric (2012-01-25). "Assembly District 133". View 2012 Assembly District Maps. Albany, New York: The New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. http://www.latfor.state.ny.us/maps/2012a/fa133.pdf. 
  10. ^ W, Eric (2012-01-25). "Assembly District 148". View 2012 Assembly District Maps. Albany, New York: The New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. http://www.latfor.state.ny.us/maps/2012a/fa148.pdf. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ny190090.txt. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  16. ^ "Home". http://www.hatrides.com/. 

Further reading[]

  • W. W. Clayton, History of Steuben County, New York. Philadelphia: Lewis, Peck & Co., 1879.
  • Richard Sherer (ed.) Steuben County: The First 200 Years, A Pictorial History. Virginia Beach, VA: The Donning Company, 1996.
  • Shelton Stromquist, "'Our Rights as Workingmen': Class Traditions and Collective Action in a Nineteenth-Century Railroad Town, Hornellsville, New York, 1869-82," in David O. Stowell (ed.), The Great Strikes of 1877. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2008; pp. 55–75.

External links[]

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Coordinates: 42°16′N 77°23′W / 42.26, -77.39


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Steuben County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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