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Strafford County, New Hampshire
Strafford County Courthouse, Dover NH.jpg
Strafford County Courthouse
Seal of Strafford County, New Hampshire
Seal
Map of New Hampshire highlighting Strafford County
Location in the state of New Hampshire
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Hampshire
New Hampshire's location in the U.S.
Founded 1771
Named for William Wentworth, 2nd Earl of Strafford
Seat Dover
Largest city Dover
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

382.6 sq mi (991 km²)
367.6 sq mi (952 km²)
15.0 sq mi (39 km²), 3.9
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

130,889
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.strafford.nh.us

Strafford County is a county in the U.S. state of New Hampshire. As of the 2020 census, the population was 130,889.[1] Its county seat is Dover.[2] Strafford County was one of the five original counties identified for New Hampshire in 1769. It was named after William Wentworth, 2nd Earl of Strafford in the mistaken belief that he was the ancestor of governor John Wentworth – although they were distantly related, William had no descendants. The county was organized at Dover in 1771. In 1840, the size of the original county was reduced with the creation of Belknap County.

Strafford County constitutes a portion of the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as of the greater Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area. It is estimated to be New Hampshire's county with the highest percentage growth over the 2010-2019 period.[3]

Geography[]

Strafford County is in southeastern New Hampshire, separated from York County in the state of Maine by the Salmon Falls River. The southern part of the Salmon Falls, from Rollinsford to Dover, is a tidal river that flows into the Piscataqua River.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 384 square miles (990 km2), of which 369 square miles (960 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (3.9%) is water.[4] It is the smallest county in New Hampshire by area.

Adjacent counties[]

Template:Rivers of New Hampshire

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 23,611
1800 32,614 38.1%
1810 41,595 27.5%
1820 51,117 22.9%
1830 58,910 15.2%
1840 61,127 3.8%
1850 29,374 −51.9%
1860 31,493 7.2%
1870 30,243 −4.0%
1880 35,558 17.6%
1890 38,442 8.1%
1900 39,337 2.3%
1910 38,951 −1.0%
1920 38,546 −1.0%
1930 38,580 0.1%
1940 43,553 12.9%
1950 51,567 18.4%
1960 59,799 16.0%
1970 70,431 17.8%
1980 85,408 21.3%
1990 104,233 22.0%
2000 112,233 7.7%
2010 123,143 9.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2020[9]

2000 census[]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 112,233 people, 42,581 households, and 27,762 families living in the county. The population density was 304 people per square mile (118/km2). There were 45,539 housing units at an average density of 124 per square mile (48/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.29% White, 0.63% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.39% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. 1.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.8% were of English, 14.9% Irish, 14.0% French, 10.5% French Canadian, 7.6% American, 6.3% Italian and 6.2% German ancestry. 93.7% spoke English and 3.2% French as their first language.

There were 42,581 households, out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.80% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.70% under the age of 18, 13.60% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,803, and the median income for a family was $53,075. Males had a median income of $36,661 versus $26,208 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,479. About 5.00% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.10% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.

The largest cities in Strafford County are Dover (population) and Rochester (land area) .

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 123,143 people, 47,100 households, and 29,862 families living in the county.[11] The population density was 333.7 inhabitants per square mile (128.8 /km2). There were 51,697 housing units at an average density of 140.1 per square mile (54.1 /km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 93.8% white, 2.6% Asian, 1.0% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.8% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 24.4% were French or French Canadian, 19.7% were Irish, 17.4% were English, 9.5% were Italian, 8.7% were German, 5.2% were American, and 5.0% were Scottish.[13]

Of the 47,100 households, 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.6% were non-families, and 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 36.9 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $57,809 and the median income for a family was $72,286. Males had a median income of $50,489 versus $37,178 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,059. About 6.7% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.3% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Politics and government[]

United States presidential election results for Strafford County, New Hampshire[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 30,489 41.31% 41,721 56.53% 1,595 2.16%
2016 29,072 42.13% 34,894 50.57% 5,034 7.30%
2012 26,729 41.78% 36,026 56.32% 1,214 1.90%
2008 25,021 39.19% 37,990 59.50% 837 1.31%
2004 25,825 43.56% 32,942 55.57% 514 0.87%
2000 21,108 42.73% 25,400 51.42% 2,885 5.84%
1996 14,484 33.81% 23,475 54.79% 4,884 11.40%
1992 16,028 33.72% 21,247 44.69% 10,264 21.59%
1988 20,636 54.74% 16,547 43.89% 515 1.37%
1984 20,452 61.31% 12,752 38.23% 152 0.46%
1980 16,399 50.41% 11,041 33.94% 5,091 15.65%
1976 14,569 48.86% 14,566 48.85% 680 2.28%
1972 16,846 57.83% 12,028 41.29% 255 0.88%
1968 12,427 47.28% 13,129 49.95% 727 2.77%
1964 8,342 31.99% 17,737 68.01% 0 0.00%
1960 13,539 48.57% 14,335 51.43% 0 0.00%
1956 15,494 61.58% 9,659 38.39% 7 0.03%
1952 13,729 53.88% 11,753 46.12% 0 0.00%
1948 9,988 45.87% 11,603 53.28% 185 0.85%
1944 9,388 42.87% 12,497 57.07% 13 0.06%
1940 8,996 41.18% 12,847 58.82% 0 0.00%
1936 8,215 41.71% 11,005 55.87% 477 2.42%
1932 9,060 47.44% 9,970 52.20% 68 0.36%
1928 10,470 58.36% 7,441 41.48% 28 0.16%
1924 9,167 56.63% 6,445 39.82% 575 3.55%
1920 8,700 60.37% 5,643 39.15% 69 0.48%
1916 4,037 49.58% 4,040 49.62% 65 0.80%
1912 2,962 37.66% 3,468 44.09% 1,436 18.26%
1908 4,822 56.25% 3,523 41.09% 228 2.66%
1904 4,869 56.58% 3,553 41.29% 183 2.13%
1900 4,987 55.32% 3,792 42.06% 236 2.62%
1896 5,483 68.58% 2,259 28.26% 253 3.16%
1892 4,666 51.68% 4,229 46.84% 134 1.48%
1888 4,580 51.28% 4,270 47.81% 82 0.92%
1884 4,370 52.74% 3,781 45.63% 135 1.63%
1880 4,634 53.78% 3,922 45.51% 61 0.71%
1876 4,052 54.64% 3,363 45.35% 1 0.01%



County Commission[]

The executive power of Strafford County's government is held by three county commissioners.[16]

Name Hometown Party
George Maglaras Dover Democratic
Robert Watson Rochester Democratic
Deanna Rollo Rollinsford Democratic

In addition to the County Commission, there are five directly elected officials: they include County Attorney, Register of Deeds, County Sheriff, Register of Probate, and County Treasurer.[17]

Office Name
County Attorney Thomas Velardi (D)
Register of Deeds Catherine Berube (D)
County Sheriff Mark Brave (D)
Register of Probate Luz Bay (D)
County Treasurer Pamela Arnold (D)

[18]

General court[]

The general court delegation of Strafford County is made up of all of the members of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from the county. There are 37 members from 25 different districts. After the 2020 elections, the party distribution of representatives for the county was as follows.

Affiliation Members Voting share
Template:Party color cell Democratic Party 24 64.9%
Template:Party color cell Republican Party 13 35.1%
Total 37 100%

Communities[]

Order naming Daniel Waldron justice of the peace, Strafford County, 1815

Cities[]

Towns[]

Census-designated places[]

  • Durham
  • Farmington
  • Milton
  • Milton Mills

Villages[]

  • Bow Lake Village
  • Center Strafford
  • East Rochester
  • Gonic
  • North Rochester
  • Place

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Strafford County, New Hampshire

Footnotes[]

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Strafford County, New Hampshire". United States Census Bureau. https://data.census.gov/cedsci/profile?g=0500000US33017. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Strafford County, New Hampshire" (in en). https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/straffordcountynewhampshire. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_33.txt. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/nh190090.txt. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/33/33017.html. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US33017. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US33017. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US33017. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US33017. 
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  16. ^ http://sos.nh.gov/2016CountyGen.aspx?id=8589964161
  17. ^ "State and County Elected Officials". https://www.co.strafford.nh.us/country-information/state-and-county-elected-officials. 
  18. ^ "General Election Winners - 11/03/2020". 11 November 2020. https://sos.nh.gov/media/l4odlvyb/general-election-winners.pdf. 

Further reading[]

External links[]

Coordinates: 43°17′N 71°02′W / 43.29, -71.03


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Strafford County, New Hampshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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