Svyatoslav Davydovich (known as Nikolai Svyatosha in monasticism)  ; ca. 1080 - October 14, 1143 ) - the son of Prince of Chernigov Davyd Svyatoslavich, great-grandson of Yaroslav the Wise. In 1107 he took monastic vows at the Kiev Pechersk Lavra under the name of Nikolai, becoming the first of the Russian princes to adopt monasticism. Canonized in the face of the monks, the memory is performed in the Orthodox Church on September 28 and October 14 (according to the Julian calendar). In 1987, the memory Saint Nicolai Svyatosha was included Assembly of Tula saints, the celebration of the Assembly takes place on September 22 .
In 1080-1090-s was Prince of Lutsk. Owned land in Principality of Chernigov. His wife, Anna Svyatopolkovna, was the daughter of the Grand Prince of Kiev Svyatopolk Izyaslavich. His daughter was married to Vsevolod Mstislavich the grandson of Vladimir Monomakh.
He took part in civil war, which arose due to the blinding of Prince Vasilko Rostislavich. He was deprived of his inheritance by Davyd Igorevich and fled to his father in Chernigov. After that, he did not fight to recover his inheritance and on February 17, 1106 took monastic vows at the Kiev Pechersk Lavra.
In the monastery the first three years he worked in the kelarna : chopped firewood , carried water, and then became a monastic gatekeeper. For the fulfillment of these obediences, he received a separate cell by the decision of the hegumen and broke a garden in front of her. Nicholas spent a lot of time reading books, which he acquired with money received from handicraft and gardening, after his death a library belonging to him remained in the monastery. On behalf of Nicholas, a translation from the Greek language of the message of Pope Leontius against the heresy of Eutychius was made. In 1142, Nikolai, at the request of the Grand Duke Vsevolod Olgovich, absent from the monastery for reconciliation of the Chernigov princes with their brothers.
Nikolai Svyatosh died on October 14, 1143 , his relics are located in the Near Caves of Kiev Pechersk Lavra. Revered as a miracle worker, the life, compiled by Vladimir Bishop Simon (XIII century), describes the miracle of healing by a clerk Nicholas Svyatosha the Grand Duke Izyaslav .
Monument to Nikolai Svyatosha
- ^ Николай было крестильным или монашеским именем Святослава Давыдовича. Ему также ошибочно приписывается крестильное имя Панкратий. См. Template:Книга: Литвина А. Ф., Успенский Ф. Б. Выбор имени у русских князей в X-XVI вв. — С. 607.
- ^ Собор Тульских святых (Официальный календарь Русской православной церкви)
|Unnamed daughter of Svyatoslav Davydovich (c1103-c1160)||1103||1160||Vsevolod Mstislavich of Pskov (c1095-1138)|
|Svyatoslav Davydovich of Chernigov (c1080-1143)||1080||24 October 1143||Anna Svyatopolkovna of Kiev (c1082-1136)|
|Vsevolod Davydovich of Murom (c1085-c1127)||1085||1127||Judith of Poland (c1112-c1150)|
|Rostislav Davydovich of Chernigov (c1090-1120)||1090||1120|
|Izyaslav III Davydovich of Kiev (c1100-1161)||1100||6 March 1161|
|Vladimir II Davydovich of Chernigov (c1103-1151)||1103||1151||NN Vsevolodovna of Goroden (c1126-c1180)|
RurikovichBorn: 1027 Died: 1076
| Prince of Lutsk