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Szekszárd
German: Sechshard, Sechsard
Croatian: Seksar
—  Town/város  —
Aerial view of city center

Coat of arms



Szekszárd is located in Hungary
Szekszárd
Location of Szekszárd in Hungary



Szekszárd is located in Tolna County
Szekszárd
Location of Szekszárd in Tolna County
Coordinates: 46°21′21″N 18°42′14″E / 46.35583, 18.70389
Country  Hungary
Region Southern Transdanubia
County Tolna
Subregion Szekszárd
First mentioned 1015
Government
 • Mayor Rezső Ács (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
 • Total 96.28 km2 (37.17 sq mi)
Elevation 100 m (300 ft)
Highest elevation 180 m (590 ft)
Lowest elevation 90 m (300 ft)
Population (1 Jan 2015)
 • Total 33 032
 • Density 351.11/km2 (909.4/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 7100
Dialing code 74
Website http://www.szekszard.hu/


Szekszárd (German: Sechshard, Sechsard, Croatian: Seksar) is a city in Tolna County, Southern Transdanubia Region, Hungary. It is the capital of Tolna County. By population, Szekszárd is the smallest county capital in Hungary; by area, it is the second smallest (after Tatabánya).

Location[]

Szekszárd lies at the meeting point of the Transdanubian Hills and the Great Hungarian Plain.

History[]

City center

Babits Memorial House

Szekszárd was first mentioned in 1015. The Benedictine monastery of the town was founded by King Béla I in 1061.

During the reign of King Matthias, Szekszárd was the estate of Bishop John, who was involved in a conspiracy against the king. Because of this, King Matthias ordered the castle of Szekszárd to be demolished.

In 1485, Szekszárd was already a significant town, holding five market days a year, but during the Turkish ascendancy of Hungary, the town became deserted and the monastery was destroyed.

By the 18th century, Szekszárd was again a significant town, it became a county seat, and got a coat of arms. The town was destroyed by a fire in 1794, but it could not stop the town's development. Most of the important buildings – including the town hall, the County Hall and several churches – were built during the 19th century. By this time, Szekszárd already had 14,000 residents.

Mihály Babits, an important Hungarian poet was born in Szekszárd.

In 1994, Szekszárd was granted the rank of city with county rights, in accordance with a new law stating that all county seats are cities with county rights. (Previously only cities with a population over 50,000 were granted county rights, and Szekszárd was one of only two county seats that had a smaller population than 50,000; the other was Salgótarján).

Main sights[]

Church of King Béla square

  • Old county hall (neo-Classical style)
  • Augusz manor (Franz Liszt was a guest here)
  • Deutsche Bühne, Ungarn
  • Birthplace of Mihály Babits, museum
  • Birthplace of Valéria Dienes
  • Ruins of Benedictine monastery
  • János Garay, Poet, Square and Statue

International relations[]

Twin towns — Sister cities[]

Szekszárd is twinned with:

See also[]

  • Gemenc forest

External links[]

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