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Tambov Oblast
Тамбовская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Anthem: Farewell of Slavianka[1]
Coordinates: 52°43′N 41°34′E / 52.717, 41.567Coordinates: 52°43′N 41°34′E / 52.717, 41.567
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district Central[2]
Economic region Central Black Earth[3]
Established September 27, 1937[4]
Administrative center Tambov[5]
Government (as of November 2016)
 - Head of Administration[6] Alexander Nikitin[7]
 - Legislature Oblast Duma[8]
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[9]
 - Total 34,300 km2 (13,243.3 sq mi)
Area rank 63rd
Population (2010 Census)[10]
 - Total 1,091,994
 - Rank 48th
 - Density[11] 31.84 /km2 (82.5 /sq mi)
 - Urban 58.7%
 - Rural 41.3%
Population (January 2014 est.)1,068,934 inhabitants[12]
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)[13]
ISO 3166-2 RU-TAM
License plates 68
Official languages Russian[14]
Official website

Tambov Oblast (Russian: Тамбо́вская о́бласть, Tambovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Tambov. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 1,091,994.[10]

Geography[]

Tambov Oblast is situated in forest steppe. It borders on the Ryazan, Penza, Saratov, Voronezh and Lipetsk Oblasts.

History[]

The oldest known population of the Tambov region, the Mordovians-Moksha, formed as a nation of local ethnic groups from the 6th century BCE. The first Russian settlers arrived in the pre-Mongol period, but the final settlement occurred in the 17th century. To protect the southern borders of Russia from the raids of the Tatars and the further development of the Black Soil region, the Russian government built the walled cities of Kozlov (1635) and Tambov (1636). The cities protected the main path of nomad raids on Russian land and paved the way for a quick settlement of the region.

Kozlovsky Uyezd originally existed in the Tambov area. In the course of the administrative reforms of Peter the Great in 1708 and 1719, it became part of Azov Governorate. New administrative divisions established the Tambov Viceroyalty in 1779 and from 1796 Tambov Governorate, with an area of 66.5 thousand km2 divided into 12 uyezds. With almost no change to its boundaries, the Governorate remained in existence until 1928.

An attempt to establish Soviet control over the Tambov area led to the defeat and execution of "Red Sonya" (Sofia Nukhimovna Gel'berg) in the spring of 1918.[15]

During the Russian Civil War an anti-Bolshevik uprising, the Tambov Rebellion, broke out in Tambov Governorate in 1920–1921.

Tambov Oblast was finally created from the Voronezh and Samara Oblasts on September 27, 1937. The oblast attained its present form after the separation of Penza Oblast (formerly part of Kuybyshev before joining Tambov) on February 4, 1939.

Administrative divisions[]

Administrative divisions of Tambov Oblast

Belgorod Oblast is administratively divided into eight vities and towns under the oblast's jurisdiction and twenty-three rayons (districts), which are further divided into 234 rural okrugs. There are ten cities/towns in the oblast, as well as twenty urban-type settlements and 1,710 rural-type settlements.

Urban Okrugs (Circles)

Coat of Arms Name of
Urban okrug
Area
(km²)
Population
(2010).
Population
Rank
I Coat of Arms of Kirsanov (Tambov oblast).png Kirsanov 10.9 16 409 7
II Kotovsk.png Kotovsk 17.3 29 999 5
III Coat of Arms of Michurinsk (Tambov oblast) (2003).png Michurinsk 78.0 93 330 2
IV Coat of Arms of Morshansk (Tambov oblast) (2012).gif Morshansk 18.52 38 943 4
V Coat of Arms of Rasskazovo (Tambov oblast).gif Rasskazovo 36.12 43 330 3
VI Coat of Arms of Tambov (2008).svg Tambov 96.58 293 661 1
VII Coat of Arms of Uvarovo (Tambov oblast) 2012.gif Uvarovo 23.0 23 987 6

Outline Map of Tambov Oblast.svg

Coat of Arms of Kirsanov (Tambov oblast).png
Kirsanov City
Kotovsk.png Kotovsk City
Coat of Arms of Michurinsk (Tambov oblast) (2003).pngMichurinsk City
Coat of Arms of Morshansk (Tambov oblast) (2012).gifMorshansk City
Coat of Arms of Rasskazovo (Tambov oblast).gif Rasskazovo City
Coat of Arms of Tambov (2008).svgTambov City
Coat of Arms of Uvarovo (Tambov oblast) 2012.gifUvarovo City
Coat of Arms of Bondarsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif
Bondari
Coat of Arms of Gavrilovsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif
Gavrilovka
Coat of Arms of Jerdevsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif
Zherdevka
Coat of Arms of Znamensky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif
Znamenka
Coa Inzhainsk Rayon.gif
Inzhavino
Coat of Arms of Kirsanovsky rayon (Tambov oblast).png
Kirsanov
Coat of Arms of Michurinsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif
Michurinsk
Mordovo
Coa Morshansky Rayon.png
Morshansk
Coat of Arms of Muchkapsky rayon (Tambov oblast).png
Muchkap
Coat of Arms of Nikiforovskiy rayon (Tambov oblast).gif
Nikiforovka
Coat of Arms of Pervomaisky rayon (Tambov oblast).png
Pervomaisky
Coat of Arms of Petrovsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif
Petrovskoye
Coa Pichayevsky Rayon Tambov Oblast.gif
Pichayevo
Coat of Arms of Rasskazovsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif
Rasskazovo
Coat of Arms of Rzhaksinsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif
Rzhaksa
Coa Sampursky Rayon Tambov Oblast.gif
Sampur
Coa Sosnovka Rayon Tambov Oblast.gif
Sosnovka Rayon
Coat of Arms of Staroyurievsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif
Staroyuryevo
Coa of Tambov rayon.gif
Tambov
Coa of Tokaryov Rayon Tambov Oblast.gif
Tokaryovka
Coat of Arms of Uvarovsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif
Uvarovo
Coa Umyot Rayon Tambov Oblast.gif
Umyot



Rayons (Districts):

Coat of Arms Name of rayon Area
(km²)
Area
rank
Population
'000 (2010)
Population
rank
Аdministrative
center
Population
'000 (2010)
1 Coat of Arms of Bondarsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif Bondari Rayon 1254.0 10,819 Bondari 4,052
2 Coat of Arms of Gavrilovsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif Gavrilovka Rayon 995.0 10,271 Gavrilovka Vtoraya 2,000
3 Coat of Arms of Jerdevsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif Zherdevka Rayon 1397.0 27,175 Zherdevka 14,214
4 Coat of Arms of Znamensky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif Znamenka Rayon 1102.0 16,579 Znamenka 5,623
5 Coa Inzhainsk Rayon.gif Inzhavino Rayon 1535.0 19,409 Inzhavino 8,261
6 Coat of Arms of Kirsanovsky rayon (Tambov oblast).png Kirsanov Rayon 1308, 19,239 Kirsanov -
7 Coat of Arms of Michurinsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif Michurinsk Rayon 1655.0 32,512 2 Michurinsk -
8 Mordovo Rayon 1455.0 16,215 Mordovo 5,857
9 Coa Morshansky Rayon.png Morshansk Rayon 2880.0 1 29,519 3 Morshansk -
10 Coat of Arms of Muchkapsky rayon (Tambov oblast).png Muchkap Rayon 1181.0 12,926 Muchkap 6.380
11 Coat of Arms of Nikiforovskiy rayon (Tambov oblast).gif Nikiforovka Rayon 1192.0 17,117 13 Dimitriyevka 7,479
12 Coat of Arms of Pervomaisky rayon (Tambov oblast).png Pervomaisky Rayon 941,0 26,384 Pervomaisky, Pervomaisky Rayon, Tambov Oblast 11,612
13 Coat of Arms of Petrovsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif Petrovskoye Rayon 1779.2 9,360 Petrovskoye 5,710
14 Coa Pichayevsky Rayon Tambov Oblast.gif Pichayevo Rayon 1294.4 12,023 Pichayevo 3,400
15 Coat of Arms of Rasskazovsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif Rasskazovo Rayon 1798.0 20,810 Rasskazovo -
16 Coat of Arms of Rzhaksinsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif Rzhaksa Rayon 1415.0 15,417 Rzhaksa 4,288
17 Coa Sampursky Rayon Tambov Oblast.gif Sampur Rayon 1008.0 12,038 Satinka 3,567
18 Coa Sosnovka Rayon Tambov Oblast.gif Sosnovka Rayon 2382.1 27,579 Sosnovka 8,414
19 Coat of Arms of Staroyurievsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif Staroyuryevo Rayon 1007.6 12,186 Staroyuryevo 6,144
20 Coa of Tambov rayon.gif Tambov Rayon 2639.9 103,147 1 Tambov -
21 Coa of Tokaryov Rayon Tambov Oblast.gif Tokaryovka Rayon 1422.7 15,599 Tokaryovka 6,589
22 Coat of Arms of Uvarovsky rayon (Tambov oblast).gif Uvarovo Rayon 1141.5 9,898 Uvarovo -
23 Coa Umyot Rayon Tambov Oblast.gif Umyot Rayon 1097.1 10,444 Umyot 4,306

Demographics[]

Population: 1,091,994 (2010 Census);[10] 1,178,443 (2002 Census);[16] 1,320,763 (1989 Census).[17]

2012
  • Births: 10,394 (9.6 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 17,386 (16.1 per 1000) [18]
Total fertility rate[19]
  • 2009: 1.31
  • 2010: 1.34
  • 2011: 1.33
  • 2012: 1.42
  • 2013: 1.42
  • 2014: 1.49
  • 2015: 1.51
  • 2016: 1.49(e)
Ethnic composition (2010)[10]
  • Russians: 97%
  • Ukrainians: 0.7%
  • Armenians: 0.4%
  • Romani people: 0.4%
  • Others: 1.5%
  • 22,708 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[20]

Settlements[]

Religion[]

Religion in Tambov Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[21][22]
Russian Orthodoxy
  
78.4%
Other Christians
  
1%
Spiritual but not religious
  
6.7%
Atheism and irreligion
  
10%
Other and undeclared
  
3.9%

According to a 2012 survey,[21] 78.4% of the population of Tambov Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, making it the federal subject with the highest percentage of this religion in the whole country. In addition, 1% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 7% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 10% is atheist, and 3.6% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[21]

Economy[]

Southeastern Railway passes through Michurinsk and connects the central regions with the southern regions. Breeding cattle, sheep, pig, and chicken is a product of animal husbandry.

See also[]

  • List of Chairmen of the Tambov Oblast Duma

References[]

Notes[]

  1. ^ Law #27-Z
  2. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. ^ Charter of Tambov Oblast, Article 2
  5. ^ Charter of Tambov Oblast, Article 5
  6. ^ Charter of Tambov Oblast, Article 66
  7. ^ "Nikitin Alexander Valerievich". https://www.tambov.gov.ru/head/nikitin.html. Retrieved 18 August 2018. 
  8. ^ Charter of Tambov Oblast, Article 49
  9. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_03.htm. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  11. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  12. ^ Tambov Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Оценка численности постоянного населения на 1 января 2014 г. и в среднем за 2013 г. и компоненты её изменения (человек) (Russian)
  13. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  14. ^ Official the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  15. ^ Сенников, Б. В. (2004). "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". In Румянцев, Вячеслав (in Russian). Библиотечка россиеведения. Moscow: Посев. ISBN 5-85824-152-2. http://www.rummuseum.ru/lib_s/senn23.php. Retrieved 2014-02-09. "Гельберг С.Н. ("Красная Соня") (?-1918). Акушерка. Командир летучего отряда Красной гвардии, действовавшего на территории Тамбовской губернии весной 1918 г., в задачу которого входило насаждение советской власти. Отряд "Красной Сони" отличался жестокостью, его появление сопровождалось многочисленными грабежами населения. Отряд был разбит крестьянами. Сама "Красная Соня" была казнена по приговору нескольких волостей губернии." 
  16. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  17. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  18. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  19. ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  20. ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  21. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  22. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

Sources[]

  • Тамбовская областная Дума. Закон №27-З от 24 мая 2002 г. «О гимне Тамбовской области», в ред. Закона №378-З от 10 февраля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Тамбовской области по вопросам использования официальных символов Тамбовской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования (15 июня 2002 г.). Опубликован: "Тамбовская жизнь", №115 (22559), 15 июня 2002 г. (Tambov Oblast Duma. Law #27-Z of May 24, 2002 On the Anthem of Tambov Oblast, as amended by the Law #378-Z of February 10, 2014 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Tambov Oblast on the Issues of Using the Official Symbols of Tambov Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication (June 15, 2002).).
  • Template:RussiaBasicLawRef/tam

External links[]

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