Sir Thomas Arbuthnot
11 September 1776(1776-09-11)–26 January 1849 (aged 74)
Place of birth Rockfleet, Co Mayo
Place of death Salford
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Lieutenant General
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

Thomas Arbuthnot was born 11 September 1776 in Rockfleet, County Mayo, Ireland to John Arbuthnot (c1728-1797) and Anne Stone (c1733-1782) and died 26 January 1849 The Crescent Salford, Greater Manchester, England, United Kingdom of unspecified causes.

Lieutenant General Sir Thomas Arbuthnot KCB (11 September 1776 – 26 January 1849[1]) was a British Army commander.

Military career

He was born in Rockfleet, Co Mayo, Ireland, the sixth son of John Arbuthnot, Sr of Rockfleet.[1] He entered the British Army in 1794, as an ensign in the 29th Regiment of Foot. After serving in that and other regiments, he joined the staff corps under Sir John Moore in 1803. He subsequently served as quartermaster-general at the Cape of Good Hope, whence, in 1808, he joined the army in the Iberian Peninsula. He was assistant quartermaster-general to General Picton's division during the greater part of the Peninsular War. He was twice wounded, once in the West Indies and again in one of the latest actions in the Peninsula.

He was appointed an aide-de-camp to the Prince Regent in 1814, and a K.C.B. in 1815. Promoted major-general in 1825, he was sent next year to Portugal in command of a brigade. He afterwards commanded a district in Ireland, and having attained the rank of lieutenant-general in 1838, was appointed, in 1842, to the command of the Northern and Midland Districts in England, which command he retained until his death.[2]

Thomas Arbuthnot: Army Career [2]
Date Rank Regiment Role Location
Nov. 1795 Ensign 29th Foot
May 1796 Lieutenant 40th Foot
June 1798 Captain 8th West India Regiment
May 1803 Royal Staff Corps Quarter-master General's department Peninsula
April 1808 Major 5th West India Regiment
1808 Staff Assistant Ajutant-general
Ast. Quartermaster general
May 1810 Lt-Colonel Deputy Quartermaster general Cape of Good Hope
Feb 1812 Aide-de-camp to Prince Regent
March 1814 57th Foot
June 1814 Brevet Colonel
Aug 1819 71st Foot
May 1825 Major General
June 1838 Lieutenant General
Dec 1839 52nd Foot Regimental Colonel
Dec 1844 9th Foot Regimental Colonel
Feb 1848 71st Highlanders Regimental Colonel

He died unmarried at his residence in The Crescent, Salford.


He was brother of General Sir Robert Arbuthnot, KCB and Charles Arbuthnot and bishop Alexander Arbuthnot. He was uncle of Sir Alexander John Arbuthnot, Major General George Bingham Arbuthnot and Lieutenant General Sir Charles George Arbuthnot.


  • Arbuthnot, Mrs P S-M (1920). Memories of the Arbuthnots. George Allen & Unwin. 
  • Sir James Balfour Paul, ed (1908). The Scots Peerage. founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's 'Peerage of Scotland'. 

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir George Townsend Walker
Colonel of the 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Gibbs

Footnotes (including sources)

‡ General
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