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Thomas County, Georgia
Thomas County Courthouse.jpg
Former Thomas County Courthouse in Thomasville
Map of Georgia highlighting Thomas County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 23, 1825; 196 years ago (1825)
Named for Jett Thomas
Seat Thomasville
Largest city Thomasville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

552 sq mi (1,430 km²)
545 sq mi (1,412 km²)
7.6 sq mi (20 km²), 1.4%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

45,798
82/sq mi (32/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.thomascountyboc.org

Thomas County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census the population was 45,798.[1] The county seat is Thomasville.[2]

Thomas County comprises the Thomasville, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

Thomas County was created by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on December 23, 1825, from portions of Decatur and Irwin Counties.[3] Colquitt (1856), Brooks (1858), and Grady (1905) Counties all were formed partially from lands within Thomas County's original borders.

The county is named for Jett Thomas, an officer in the War of 1812 who is also known for overseeing the construction of the first building at the University of Georgia (originally referred to as Franklin College and known today as Old College) as well as the state capitol at Milledgeville.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 552 square miles (1,430 km2), of which 545 square miles (1,410 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (20 km2) (1.4%) is water.[4]

The northwestern half of Thomas County, bordered by U.S. Route 319 southwest of Thomasville, and a line that ends up bisecting the distance between Coolidge and Pavo in the northeast, is located in the Upper Ochlockonee River sub-basin of the larger Ochlockonee River basin. The northeastern edge of the county, from north of Pavo to Boston, is located in the Withlacoochee River sub-basin of the Suwannee River basin. The southeastern portion of Thomas County, running southeast from Thomasville, is located in the Aucilla River sub-basin of the larger Aucilla-Waccasassa basin. Almost all of the southwestern portion of the county is located in the Apalachee Bay-St. Marks sub-basin of the Ochlockonee River basin, with the exception of the tiny southwesternmost corner, which is located in the Lower Ochlockonee River sub-basin of the same Ochlockonee River basin.[5]

The Aucilla River rises in Thomas County. The Red Hills Region is centered on Thomas County.

Major highways[]

  • US 19.svg U.S. Route 19
  • US 84.svg U.S. Route 84
  • Business plate.svg
    US 84.svg U.S. Route 84 Business
  • US 319.svg U.S. Route 319
  • Georgia 3.svg State Route 3
  • Georgia 3 Alternate.svg State Route 3 Alternate
  • Georgia 33.svg State Route 33
  • Georgia 35.svg State Route 35
  • Georgia 35 Connector.svg State Route 35 Connector
  • Georgia 38.svg State Route 38
  • Georgia 38 Business.svg State Route 38 Business
  • Georgia 111.svg State Route 111
  • Georgia 122.svg State Route 122
  • Georgia 188.svg State Route 188
  • Georgia 202.svg State Route 202
  • Georgia 300.svg State Route 300

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 3,299
1840 6,766 105.1%
1850 10,103 49.3%
1860 10,766 6.6%
1870 14,523 34.9%
1880 20,597 41.8%
1890 26,154 27.0%
1900 31,076 18.8%
1910 29,071 −6.5%
1920 33,044 13.7%
1930 32,612 −1.3%
1940 31,289 −4.1%
1950 33,932 8.4%
1960 34,319 1.1%
1970 34,515 0.6%
1980 38,098 10.4%
1990 38,986 2.3%
2000 42,737 9.6%
2010 44,720 4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census[]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 44,737 people, 16,309 households, and 11,465 families living in the county. The population density was 78 people per square mile (30/km2). There were 18,285 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 58.98% White, 38.86% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 1.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 16,309 households, out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.90% were married couples living together, 18.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.10% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 88.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.80 males.

As of 2007, the median income for a household in the county was $40,498, and the median income for a family was $52,392.[11] Males had a median income of $28,395 versus $21,344 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,540. About 13.60% of families and 17.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.90% of those under age 18 and 19.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 44,720 people, 17,573 households, and 11,999 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 82.1 inhabitants per square mile (31.7 /km2). There were 20,177 housing units at an average density of 37.0 per square mile (14.3 /km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 59.6% white, 36.9% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 1.2% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.9% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 15.5% were American, 9.0% were English, 8.2% were Irish, and 6.4% were German.[14]

Of the 17,573 households, 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families, and 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age was 39.6 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $35,797 and the median income for a family was $46,333. Males had a median income of $38,520 versus $27,085 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,261. About 17.1% of families and 22.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.2% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.[15]

2020 census[]

Thomas County Racial Composition[16]
Race Num. Perc.
White 25,994 56.76%
Black or African American 16,259 35.5%
Native American 150 0.33%
Asian 406 0.89%
Pacific Islander 9 0.02%
Other/Mixed 1,403 3.06%
Hispanic or Latino 1,577 3.44%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 45,798 people, 17,595 households, and 12,161 families residing in the county.

Education[]

  • Thomas University
  • Southern Regional Technical College
  • Thomasville City School District
  • Thomas County School District

Communities[]

Cities[]

Town[]

  • Ochlocknee

Unincorporated community[]

  • Metcalf

Politics[]

Similar to other Georgia counties on the Florida border, the county is very Republican in presidential elections, having last voted for a Democrat in 1980 when the Democrat was Favorite son Jimmy Carter.

United States presidential election results for Thomas County, Georgia[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 12,969 59.28% 8,708 39.80% 200 0.91%
2016 11,228 59.45% 7,142 37.82% 515 2.73%
2012 11,156 58.74% 7,653 40.30% 183 0.96%
2008 10,642 57.54% 7,720 41.74% 132 0.71%
2004 9,659 61.39% 5,997 38.12% 77 0.49%
2000 7,093 58.82% 4,862 40.32% 103 0.85%
1996 5,649 49.04% 5,183 45.00% 686 5.96%
1992 5,500 46.03% 4,841 40.52% 1,607 13.45%
1988 6,572 64.78% 3,530 34.80% 43 0.42%
1984 6,427 61.41% 4,039 38.59% 0 0.00%
1980 4,294 42.26% 5,695 56.05% 172 1.69%
1976 3,263 34.68% 6,147 65.32% 0 0.00%
1972 6,668 75.44% 2,171 24.56% 0 0.00%
1968 2,261 22.87% 2,585 26.15% 5,039 50.98%
1964 6,306 65.94% 3,257 34.06% 0 0.00%
1960 2,285 41.46% 3,226 58.54% 0 0.00%
1956 2,240 38.88% 3,522 61.12% 0 0.00%
1952 2,273 36.40% 3,971 63.60% 0 0.00%
1948 925 25.22% 1,429 38.97% 1,313 35.81%
1944 557 24.16% 1,747 75.79% 1 0.04%
1940 371 15.16% 2,072 84.64% 5 0.20%
1936 222 8.39% 2,409 91.08% 14 0.53%
1932 90 3.32% 2,607 96.20% 13 0.48%
1928 814 39.63% 1,240 60.37% 0 0.00%
1924 115 7.86% 1,280 87.49% 68 4.65%
1920 168 12.94% 1,130 87.06% 0 0.00%
1916 173 11.43% 1,298 85.79% 42 2.78%
1912 150 12.38% 1,012 83.50% 50 4.13%
1908 723 40.10% 765 42.43% 315 17.47%
1904 374 23.35% 862 53.81% 366 22.85%
1900 432 26.75% 1,146 70.96% 37 2.29%
1896 620 43.54% 600 42.13% 204 14.33%
1892 566 25.63% 1,294 58.61% 348 15.76%
1888 838 36.12% 1,465 63.15% 17 0.73%
1884 289 49.91% 290 50.09% 0 0.00%
1880 1,213 47.96% 1,316 52.04% 0 0.00%



See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Thomas County, Georgia

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13275.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins. Macon, GA: Winship Press. pp. 225. ISBN 0-915430-00-2. http://www.kenkrakow.com/gpn/t.pdf. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  5. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=&geo_id=05000US13275&_geoContext=01000US%7c04000US13%7c05000US13275&_street=&_county=Thomas+County%2C+Georgia&_cityTown=Thomas+County%2C+Georgia&_state=&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=050&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=null&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13275. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13275. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13275. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13275. 
  16. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US13275&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 30°52′N 83°55′W / 30.86, -83.92


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Thomas County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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