Thomas Gage, 1st Viscount was born circa 1704 to Joseph Gage of Sherborne Castle (-) and Elizabeth Penruddock (-) and died 1754 of unspecified causes. He married Benedicta Maria Theresa Hall (1693-1749) 1717 .



Offspring of Thomas Gage, 1st Viscount and Benedicta Maria Theresa Hall (1693-1749)  ¢
Name Birth Death Joined with
William Hall Gage (1718-1791)
Thomas Gage (c1719-1787) 1719 East Sussex, England, United Kingdom 2 April 1787 Portland Place, Greater London, England, United Kingdom Margaret Kemble (1734-1824)
Theresa Gage (c1721-)

1743 Portrait of Thomas Gage by James Seymour

Thomas Gage, 1st Viscount Gage (bef. 1702 – 21 December 1754) was the son of Joseph Gage of Sherborne Castle and Elizabeth Penruddock.

He married Benedicta Maria Theresa Hall (daughter of Henry Benedict Hall and Frances Fortescue) in 1717. Gage's first son (William Hall Gage, 2nd Viscount Gage) was born in 1718. Gage also had a daughter, Theresa, and a son Thomas Gage who would go on to fame as Commander-in-Chief of the British Army in British America at the beginning of the American War of Independence.

On 14 September 1720, King George I created him Baron Gage of Castlebar in the county of Mayo, and Viscount Gage of Castle Island in the county of Kerry of the Kingdom of Ireland.

From 1721 to 1754 Gage served in Parliament representing Tewkesbury. As a Member of Parliament he exposed the fraudulent sale of the Derwentwater estates on 31 March 1732, and was subsequently rewarded with £2,000 for this under the Greenwich Hospital Act 1735.[1] In 1738, Gage was appointed as Governor of Barbados, but the appointment was never approved, probably because he lacked sufficient political connections.[2]

On 23 April 1744, his cousin, Sir William Gage, 7th Baronet, died without children, and Gage inherited the family estate of Firle Place. Sir William's father was Gage's uncle—Sir John Gage, 4th Baronet, Sheriff of Sussex. The main line of the family, up to the 7th Baronet, had been Roman Catholic recusants and had purchased their baronetcy from King James I. However, Gage had converted to the Church of England in 1715, perhaps to enable him to sit in parliament.[3] He later quietly resumed practising Roman Catholicism, although his children were raised in the Church of England.

Gage's wife died on 25 July 1749, and on 26 December 1750 he married secondly Jane Godfrey, a Gloucestershire heiress.[4] He had extensive remodelling work done on Firle Place. Between 1743 and 1753 he was involved in a number of land rights disputes regarding windfall trees, soil rights, and manorial waste. Gage also spent considerable time collecting paintings which are still housed in the Long Gallery of Firle Place today. From 1747 to 1751 he served as Steward of the Household of Frederick, Prince of Wales. Gage died on 21 December 1754 and was buried at Firle.

See also

  • Viscount Gage


  1. ^ Statutes at Large (1758 edition) V, 8 Geo. II, c.29.
  2. ^ Alden (1948), p. 6
  3. ^ Alden (1948), pp. 5,8
  4. ^ Alden (1948), p. 8


  • Alden, John R (1948). General Gage in America. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8371-2264-9. OCLC 181362. 
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Dowdeswell (1)
Member of Parliament for Tewkesbury
With: William Dowdeswell (1) 1721–1722
George Reade 1722–1734
Robert Tracy 1734–1741
John Martin 1741–1747
William Dowdeswell (2) 1747–1754
Succeeded by
Nicolson Calvert
Preceded by
Joseph Micklethwait
Member of Parliament for Arundel
With: Sir John Shelley, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir John Shelley, Bt
Government offices
Preceded by
Humphrey Howarth
Governor of Barbados
Succeeded by
Robert Byng
Peerage of Ireland
New title Viscount Gage
Succeeded by
William Hall Gage
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
William Gage
(of Firle Place)
Succeeded by
William Hall Gage

Footnotes (including sources)

‡ General
  • Wikipedia (see below)
¢ Children
  • Sons' dates are from Wikipedia; Theresa's is an estimate.

Robin Patterson

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