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Tippecanoe County, Indiana
Tippecanoe courthouse 7-2004.jpg
Tippecanoe County courthouse in Lafayette, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Tippecanoe County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1826
Named for Kethtippecanoogi ("Place of the Succor Fish People" in Miami)
Seat Lafayette
Largest city Lafayette
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

503.07 sq mi (1,303 km²)
499.79 sq mi (1,294 km²)
3.28 sq mi (8 km²), 0.65%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

186,251
346/sq mi (133.48/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.county.tippecanoe.in.us
Footnotes:  

Indiana county number 79

Tippecanoe County is a county located in the northwest quadrant of the U.S. state of Indiana. It was created in 1826 from Wabash County.[1] It is part of the Lafayette, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

According to the 2020 census, the population was 186,251.[2] The county seat is Lafayette[3].

History[]

Tippecanoe County was formed March 1, 1826, and named for the anglicization of "Kethtippecanoogi", a Miami term meaning "place of the succor fish people." (Kriebel, Robert C. - Tippecanoe at 2000: A Hoosier County Recalls Its Past). The county is best known for the Battle of Tippecanoe and Purdue University. The Tippecanoe County Courthouse, built in 1881, is on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 503.07 square miles (1,302.95 km2), of which 499.79 square miles (1,294.45 km2) is land and 3.28 square miles (8.50 km2), or 0.65%, is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[]

Cities and towns[]

The county courthouse and nearby buildings along the Wabash River in Lafayette and West Lafayette.

The view northeast into the town of Battle Ground.

Incorporated[]

  • Battle Ground
  • Clarks Hill
  • Dayton
  • Lafayette
  • Shadeland
  • Otterbein (east half)
  • West Lafayette (home of Purdue University)

Unincorporated[]

  • Americus
  • Buck Creek
  • Colburn
  • Monroe
  • Montmorenci
  • Odell
  • Romney
  • Stockwell
  • West Point

Extinct[]

  • Beeville
  • Chauncey (consolidated into West Lafayette)
  • Corwin
  • Conroe
  • Glen Hall
  • Granville (aka Weaton)
  • Heath
  • Prairieville
  • Harrisonville (consolidated into Battle Ground)
  • Kingston (consolidated into West Lafayette)
  • Monitor
  • North Crane
  • Ouiatenon
  • South Raub
  • Taylor
  • Wyandot
  • Yorktown

Townships[]

A freight train approaches the town of South Raub on the border of Randolph and Wea Townships.

  • Fairfield
  • Jackson
  • Lauramie
  • Perry
  • Randolph
  • Sheffield
  • Shelby
  • Tippecanoe
  • Union
  • Wabash
  • Washington
  • Wayne
  • Wea

Climate and weather[]

Climate chart for Lafayette, Indiana
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.84
 
33
17
 
 
1.58
 
39
22
 
 
2.89
 
50
31
 
 
3.45
 
62
40
 
 
3.93
 
74
51
 
 
4.24
 
83
60
 
 
3.81
 
86
65
 
 
3.91
 
84
63
 
 
2.74
 
78
55
 
 
2.55
 
66
43
 
 
2.81
 
51
34
 
 
2.57
 
38
23
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, temperatures in Lafayette have ranged from an average low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−30.6 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.58 inches (40 mm) inches in February to 4.24 inches (108 mm) inches in June.[5]

Transportation[]

Highways[]

  • I-65.svg Interstate 65
  • US 52.svg U.S. Route 52
  • US 231.svg U.S. Route 231
  • Indiana 25.svg Indiana State Road 25
  • Indiana 26.svg Indiana State Road 26
  • Indiana 28.svg Indiana State Road 28
  • Indiana 38.svg Indiana State Road 38
  • Indiana 43.svg Indiana State Road 43

Railroads[]

Three different railroad lines intersect in Tippecanoe County, all running through the Lafayette area. CSX Transportation operates a north-south line; Kankakee, Beaverville and Southern Railroad operates a line passing from the northwest to the southeast; and Norfolk Southern Railway operates a line coming from Fountain and Warren counties in the southwest to Delphi in the northeast, and beyond.[6]

Airport[]

The county contains one public-use airport: Purdue University Airport (LAF) in Lafayette, Indiana.[7]

Government[]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[8][9]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[8][9]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[9]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[9]

Politics[]

In the 2008 Democratic primary, Tippecanoe County was one of 10 (out of 92) Indiana counties to give the majority of its votes to Barack Obama.[10] In the 2008 Presidential election, Tippecanoe County was one of 15 Indiana counties to give the majority of its votes to Obama/Biden. Thanks to the sizable support of Purdue University students, Tippecanoe County played a pivotal role in Barack Obama's upset win in Indiana (49.9%-49.0%; 1,367,264 votes to 1,341,101 votes) by supporting the Democratic ticket of Barack Obama/Joe Biden 55.1%-43.5% over the Republican ticket of John McCain/Sarah Palin.[11] However, in the 2020 Presidential election, Tippecanoe County also voted for Democrat Joe Biden by a margin of 436 votes, the first time since 2008 the county went for the Democrats.

Tippecanoe County is one of only twelve counties to have voted for Obama in 2008, Romney in 2012, Trump in 2016, and Biden in 2020.[lower-alpha 1]

United States presidential election results for Tippecanoe County, Indiana[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 34,581 48.15% 35,017 48.75% 2,226 3.10%
2016 30,768 48.57% 27,282 43.07% 5,292 8.35%
2012 28,757 50.40% 26,711 46.81% 1,595 2.80%
2008 29,822 43.45% 37,781 55.05% 1,033 1.51%
2004 30,897 59.01% 20,818 39.76% 645 1.23%
2000 26,106 56.39% 18,220 39.36% 1,969 4.25%
1996 22,556 49.48% 17,232 37.80% 5,798 12.72%
1992 23,050 45.79% 17,343 34.46% 9,941 19.75%
1988 27,897 62.88% 16,256 36.64% 211 0.48%
1984 29,706 64.75% 15,789 34.42% 381 0.83%
1980 27,589 56.92% 14,636 30.20% 6,245 12.88%
1976 29,186 61.33% 17,850 37.51% 551 1.16%
1972 31,565 68.08% 14,598 31.48% 203 0.44%
1968 24,352 59.44% 14,528 35.46% 2,088 5.10%
1964 19,036 48.35% 20,257 51.45% 79 0.20%
1960 24,572 63.55% 14,041 36.31% 55 0.14%
1956 23,776 70.25% 9,995 29.53% 72 0.21%
1952 23,447 70.53% 9,678 29.11% 121 0.36%
1948 17,034 60.60% 10,825 38.51% 248 0.88%
1944 15,888 60.61% 10,229 39.02% 95 0.36%
1940 16,148 56.96% 12,129 42.78% 73 0.26%
1936 13,081 50.08% 12,732 48.74% 309 1.18%
1932 11,818 46.05% 13,609 53.03% 236 0.92%
1928 15,165 63.25% 8,720 36.37% 93 0.39%
1924 12,161 58.40% 7,619 36.59% 1,043 5.01%
1920 12,730 61.68% 7,562 36.64% 347 1.68%
1916 6,386 54.73% 4,918 42.15% 365 3.13%
1912 3,006 28.22% 4,442 41.70% 3,205 30.09%
1908 6,164 53.42% 4,984 43.19% 391 3.39%
1904 6,581 59.83% 4,031 36.65% 388 3.53%
1900 6,317 56.29% 4,673 41.64% 232 2.07%
1896 6,239 56.77% 4,639 42.21% 111 1.01%
1892 4,856 51.10% 4,386 46.15% 261 2.75%
1888 5,072 53.39% 4,281 45.06% 147 1.55%



Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 7,187
1840 13,724 91.0%
1850 19,377 41.2%
1860 25,726 32.8%
1870 33,515 30.3%
1880 35,966 7.3%
1890 35,078 −2.5%
1900 38,659 10.2%
1910 40,063 3.6%
1920 42,813 6.9%
1930 47,535 11.0%
1940 51,020 7.3%
1950 74,473 46.0%
1960 89,122 19.7%
1970 109,378 22.7%
1980 121,702 11.3%
1990 130,598 7.3%
2000 148,955 14.1%
2010 172,780 16.0%
Source: United States Department of Commerce,
Bureau of the Census, Population Division[13]

According to the 2000 census, there were 148,955 people, 55,226 households, and 32,417 families residing in the county. The population density was 298 people per square mile (115/km²). There were 58,343 housing units at an average density of 117 per square mile (45/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.86% White, 2.52% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 4.46% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.48% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. 5.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.1% were of German, 13.7% American, 9.4% Irish and 9.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 55,226 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.90% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.30% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 20.90% under the age of 18, 25.40% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 17.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 105.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,652, and the median income for a family was $51,791. Males had a median income of $37,606 versus $25,142 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,375. About 7.30% of families and 15.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.10% of those under age 18 and 4.30% of those age 65 or over.[2]

Education[]

Public schools in rural/suburban Tippecanoe County are administered by the Tippecanoe School Corporation, while those in the cities are under either the Lafayette School Corporation or West Lafayette Community School Corporation. Purdue and Ivy Tech each have campuses at other sites in Indiana.

Universities and colleges

  • Purdue University [1]
  • Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana [2]

High Schools

  • Elston Community Education Center [3]
  • Lafayette (city) Jefferson High School [4]
  • Lafayette (city) Oakland High School [5]
  • Lafayette (suburban--south) McCutcheon High School [6]
  • West Lafayette (city) West Lafayette Junior-Senior High School [7]
  • West Lafayette/Lafayette (suburban--north) Harrison High School [8]

Middle Schools/Junior High Schools

  • Lafayette Sunnyside Middle School [9]
  • Lafayette Tecumseh Junior High School [10]
  • TSC (Harrison) Battle Ground Middle School [11]
  • TSC (Harrison) East Tipp Middle School [12]
  • TSC (Harrison) Klondike Middle School [13]
  • TSC (McCutcheon) Southwestern Middle School [14]
  • TSC (McCutcheon) Wainwright Middle School [15]
  • TSC (McCutcheon) Wea Ridge Middle School [16]
  • West Lafayette Junior-Senior High School [17]

Elementary Schools

  • Lafayette Edgelea Elementary School [18]
  • Lafayette Glen Acres Elementary School [19]
  • Lafayette Miami Elementary School [20]
  • Lafayette Miller Elementary School [21]
  • Lafayette Murdock Elementary School [22]
  • Lafayette (charter) New Community School [23]
  • Lafayette Vinton Elementary School [24]
  • TSC (Harrison) Battle Ground Elementary School [25]
  • TSC (Harrison) Burnett Creek Elementary School [26]
  • TSC (Harrison) Hershey Elementary School [27]
  • TSC (Harrison) Klondike Elementary School [28]
  • TSC (McCutcheon) Dayton Elementary School [29]
  • TSC (McCutcheon) James Cole Elementary School [30]
  • TSC (McCutcheon) Mayflower Mill Elementary School [31]
  • TSC (McCutcheon) Mintonye Elementary School [32]
  • TSC (McCutcheon) Wea Ridge Elementary School [33]
  • TSC (McCutcheon) Woodland Elementary School [34]
  • TSC (McCutcheon) Wyandotte Elementary School [35]
  • West Lafayette Cumberland Elementary School [36]

Private Schools

  • Lafayette Catholic Schools [37]
  • Lafayette Christian School [38]
  • Lafayette Faith Baptist [39]

Economy[]

Much of the economy of Tippecanoe County is centered in its two, largest communities: Lafayette and West Lafayette. Purdue University is by far the largest employer in the county. However, private industry and commerce also exist in the county. Major employers also include:

Sagamore Village Estates Corp - West Lafayette; Subaru-Indiana Automotive Inc - Lafayette; Caterpillar Inc - Lafayette; Fairfield Manufacturing Co Inc - Lafayette; St Elizabeth Medical Center - Lafayette; Alcoa Lafayette; Eli Lilly & Co - Lafayette; State Farm Operations Center - West Lafayette

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Tippecanoe County, Indiana

References[]

  1. ^ DeHart 1909, p. 151.
  2. ^ a b "Census data for Tippecanoe County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=tippecanoe+county&_cityTown=tippecanoe+county&_state=04000US18&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&show_2003_tab=&redirect=Y. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Census gazetteer data for United States counties". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Lafayette, Indiana". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USIN0340. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ "Indiana Railroads" (PDF). Indiana Department of Transportation. 2008. http://www.in.gov/indot/files/StateRailroadMap-08.PDF. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  7. ^ Public and Private Airports, Tippecanoe County, Indiana
  8. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title36/ar2/ch3.html. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  9. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title3/ar10/ch2.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  10. ^ "Election Center 2008: Primary Results - Elections & Politics news from CNN.com". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2008/primaries/results/state/#IN. 
  11. ^ "2008 presidential election results". http://www.uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/statesub.php?year=2008&fips=18157&f=0&off=0&elect=0. 
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  13. ^ Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

Bibliography[]

External links[]

Coordinates: 40°23′N 86°53′W / 40.39, -86.89


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Tippecanoe County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.


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