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Tiruchirappalli district
தி௫ச்சிராப்பள்ளி மாவட்டம்
Tiruchchirapalli District, Trichy District
—  District  —
Kaveri river bisecting Tiruchirapalli and Srirangam

Tiruchirappalli district is located in Tamil Nadu
Tiruchirappalli district
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 10°47′40.56″N 78°41′6″E / 10.7946, 78.685Coordinates: 10°47′40.56″N 78°41′6″E / 10.7946, 78.685
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
Municipal Corporations Tiruchirapalli
Town Panchayats
Headquarters Tiruchirapalli
Talukas Lalgudi, Manachanallur, Manapparai, Musiri, Srirangam, Thiruverumpur, Thottiyam, Thuraiyur, Tiruchirapalli.
 • Collector Jayashree Muralidharan, IAS
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 620xxx
Telephone code 0431
ISO 3166 code [[ISO 3166-2:IN|]]
Vehicle registration TN-45/54[1]
IUCN category
Central location: 10°47′N 78°41′E / 10.783, 78.683

Tiruchirapalli District is located along the Kaveri River in Tamil Nadu, India. The main town in Tiruchirapalli District is the city of Tiruchirapalli, also known as Trichy. During the British Raj, Tiruchirapalli was known as Trichinopoly, and was a district of the Madras Presidency; it was renamed upon India's declaration of independence in 1947.


Kaveri river and Rockfort at Tiruchirapalli

Tiruchirapalli district lies at the heart of Tamil Nadu. The district has an area of 4,404 square kilometers. It is bounded in the north by Salem district, in the northwest by Namakkal district, in the northeast by Perambalur district and Ariyalur district, in the east by Thanjavur District, in the southeast by Pudukkottai district, in the south by Madurai district and Sivagangai district, in the southwest by Dindigul district and, in the west by Karur district. Kaveri river flows through the length of the district and is the principal source of irrigation and water supply.


Religions in Tiruchirapalli[2]
Religion Percent

According to the 2011 census Tiruchirapalli district has a population of 2,713,858,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[4] or the US state of Nevada.[5] This gives it a ranking of 146th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 602 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,560 /sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.22%.[3] Tiruchirappalli has a sex ratio of 1013 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 83.56%.[3]

According to the 2011 provisional population results, the district has a population of 2,713,858. The density is 602 persons per km2. The district has a literacy of 83.6%, higher than the state's average.[6]

Tamil is the principal language spoken and Tamils are the predominant linguistic group in the district. Considerable amount of Sri Lankan Tamils are also found in certain pockets of Tiruchirapalli. Hindus formed the majority of the population at 84.39% of the population followed by Christians at 9.02%, Muslims at 6.46% and others at 0.12%.[7]


Srirangam Temple Gopuram

Tiruchirapalli District consists of 9 Taluks:

  • Manapparai
  • Srirangam
  • Tiruchirapalli
  • Tiruverumbur
  • Lalgudi
  • Manachanallur
  • Thuraiyur
  • Musiri
  • Thottiyam

Urban centres[]

Thiruvanaikaval Temple at Tiruchirapalli

Tiruchirapalli District consists of the following urban centres:

  • Trichy city
  • Manapparai town
  • Thuraiyur town
  • Thuvakudi town
  • Lalgudi town panchayat
  • Manachanallur town panchayat
  • Musiri town panchayat
  • Thottiyam town panchayat
  • Kolli Hills (Kollimalai) tourist town
  • Uppiliapuram Town panchayat

Major industries[]

  • Bharath Heavy Electronics Limited BHEL
  • Boiler Manufacturing Industries
  • Cement Factories
  • Light and heavy engineering
  • Leather Tanneries (E. I. Leather)
  • Food processing Industries
  • Sugar Mills
  • (Traditional) Cigar Making (village) Industries.
  • Hosiery and garments (to a small extent)
  • IT/BPO

Natural resources and water bodies[]


NH 45 (Grand Southern Trunk Road)in Tiruchirapalli district

Upper Anaicut or Mukkombu

  • River Cauvery
  • River Kollidam


Places to visit in Tiruchirappalli District.

  • Mukkombu
  • Srirangam Ranganathaswamy Temple
  • Thiruvanai koil Shiva temple
  • Vayalur Murugan Temple
  • Kulumandi Amman Temple,Puthur-Sholanganallur
  • Samayapuram Mariamman Temple
  • Vekkaliamman Temple, Woriyur
  • Rock Fort and Uchipillaiyar Temple
  • Kallanai
  • Tolgate Utthamar Koil Temple
  • Tirupattur Bramha Temple
  • Puliancholai
  • Pachai malai
  • Kolli malai

Animal husbandry[]

The district has a large cattle and poultry population.

Major crops[]

The rivers Cauvery and Kollidam start branching out to form the Cauvery delta irrigating vast tracts of land in the district.

  • Rice (vast tracts)
  • Sugarcane (vast tracts)
  • Banana/plantain
  • Coconut
  • Cotton (small tracts)
  • betel
  • Corn
  • groundnut


External links[]

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Template:Tiruchirapalli district

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Tiruchirappalli district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.