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Traill County, North Dakota
Traill County Courthouse.jpg
Traill County Courthouse
Map of North Dakota highlighting Traill County
Location in the state of North Dakota
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded January 12, 1875 (created)
February 23, 1875 (organized)
Named for Walter John Strickland Traill
Seat Hillsboro
Largest city Mayville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

863 sq mi (2,235 km²)
862 sq mi (2,233 km²)
0.6 sq mi (2 km²), 0.07
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

7,997
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Traill County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2020 census listed the population at 7,997.[1] Its county seat is Hillsboro,[2] and its largest city is Mayville.

History[]

The Dakota Territory legislature created the county on January 12, 1875, with areas partitioned from Burbank (now Barnes), Cass, and Grand Forks counties. It was named for Walter John Strickland Traill, an employee of the Hudson's Bay Company and son of Canadian pioneer Catharine Parr Traill.[3] The first county building was a small single-story building in Caledonia. Several replacement courthouses were built during the late 19th century and several votes to move the county seat to Mayville narrowly failed. Efforts to move the county seat to Hillsboro were more successful, and all county records were moved there in 1890.[4] Construction of the current county building began in 1905; it is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[5]

The county boundaries were altered in 1881 and in 1883. It has maintained its current configuration since 1883.[3][6]

Geography[]

Traill County lies on the east side of North Dakota. Its east boundary line abuts the west boundary line of the state of Minnesota (across the Red River). The Goose River flows eastward through the center of the county to discharge into the Red. The northward-flowing Red River forms the eastern boundary line of the county on its way to the Hudson Bay, and the Elk River flows south-southeastward through the southwestern part of the county. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, devoted to agriculture.[7] The terrain slopes to the east and north, with its highest point on the lower western boundary line, at 1,201' (366m) ASL.[8] The county has a total area of 863 square miles (2,240 km2), of which 862 square miles (2,230 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.07%) is water.[9]

Major highways[]

  • I-29.svg Interstate 29
  • North Dakota 18.svg North Dakota Highway 18
  • North Dakota 200.png North Dakota Highway 200

Airports[]

  • Hillsboro Municipal Airport (3H4)
  • Mayville Municipal Airport (D56)

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 4,123
1890 10,217 147.8%
1900 13,107 28.3%
1910 12,545 −4.3%
1920 12,210 −2.7%
1930 12,600 3.2%
1940 12,300 −2.4%
1950 11,359 −7.7%
1960 10,583 −6.8%
1970 9,571 −9.6%
1980 9,624 0.6%
1990 8,752 −9.1%
2000 8,477 −3.1%
2010 8,121 −4.2%
Est. 2021 8,003 −5.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census[]

As of the 2020 census, there were 8,477 people, 3,341 households, and 2,231 families in the county. The population density was 9.83/sqmi (3.80/km2). There were 3,708 housing units at an average density of 4.30/sqmi 1.66/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.31% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.96% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 2.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 58.9% were of Norwegian and 20.6% German ancestry.

There were 3,341 households, out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.00.

The county population contained 24.8% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 100.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,445, and the median income for a family was $45,852. Males had a median income of $30,138 versus $20,583 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,014. About 6.4% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 census, there were 8,121 people, 3,394 households, and 2,150 families in the county.[14] The population density was 9.42/sqmi (3.71/km2). There were 3,780 housing units at an average density of 4.39/sqmi (1.73/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 96.2% white, 0.8% American Indian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.6% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 53.2% were Norwegian, 38.1% were German, 5.9% were Irish, and 2.6% were American.[16]

Of the 3,394 households, 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.7% were non-families, and 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 42.6 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $44,290 and the median income for a family was $60,054. Males had a median income of $39,846 versus $28,378 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,340. About 4.6% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Communities[]

Sunflower field in Traill County

Cities[]

  • Buxton
  • Clifford
  • Galesburg
  • Grandin (part)
  • Hatton
  • Hillsboro (county seat)
  • Mayville
  • Portland
  • Reynolds (part)

Census-designated places[]

  • Blanchard
  • Caledonia

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Cummings

Townships[]

  • Belmont
  • Bingham
  • Blanchard
  • Bloomfield
  • Bohnsack
  • Buxton
  • Caledonia
  • Eldorado
  • Elm River
  • Ervin
  • Galesburg
  • Garfield
  • Greenfield
  • Herberg
  • Hillsboro
  • Kelso
  • Lindaas
  • Mayville
  • Morgan
  • Norman
  • Norway
  • Roseville
  • Stavanger
  • Viking
  • Wold

Politics[]

Traill County voters lean Republican. In only two national elections since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

United States presidential election results for Traill County, North Dakota[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,522 60.98% 1,493 36.10% 121 2.93%
2016 2,265 57.59% 1,241 31.55% 427 10.86%
2012 1,996 50.91% 1,811 46.19% 114 2.91%
2008 1,845 45.66% 2,136 52.86% 60 1.48%
2004 2,543 59.86% 1,651 38.87% 54 1.27%
2000 2,392 58.17% 1,512 36.77% 208 5.06%
1996 1,820 45.03% 1,822 45.08% 400 9.90%
1992 2,019 44.34% 1,638 35.98% 896 19.68%
1988 2,562 56.20% 1,940 42.55% 57 1.25%
1984 3,037 64.70% 1,580 33.66% 77 1.64%
1980 3,092 60.91% 1,428 28.13% 556 10.95%
1976 2,800 53.32% 2,352 44.79% 99 1.89%
1972 3,118 61.40% 1,892 37.26% 68 1.34%
1968 2,692 57.55% 1,740 37.20% 246 5.26%
1964 2,312 46.91% 2,614 53.03% 3 0.06%
1960 3,218 60.68% 2,084 39.30% 1 0.02%
1956 3,090 61.04% 1,969 38.90% 3 0.06%
1952 3,884 72.05% 1,484 27.53% 23 0.43%
1948 2,328 52.00% 1,874 41.86% 275 6.14%
1944 2,370 48.68% 2,479 50.91% 20 0.41%
1940 2,882 53.47% 2,476 45.94% 32 0.59%
1936 1,807 34.29% 2,780 52.76% 682 12.94%
1932 1,893 37.31% 3,112 61.33% 69 1.36%
1928 3,638 71.36% 1,447 28.38% 13 0.26%
1924 2,596 56.64% 234 5.11% 1,753 38.25%
1920 3,666 86.00% 523 12.27% 74 1.74%
1916 1,423 64.62% 664 30.15% 115 5.22%
1912 365 21.05% 507 29.24% 862 49.71%
1908 1,207 66.03% 490 26.81% 131 7.17%
1904 1,566 82.99% 176 9.33% 145 7.68%
1900 1,537 76.13% 409 20.26% 73 3.62%
1896 1,673 70.68% 674 28.47% 20 0.84%
1892 1,026 56.31% 0 0.00% 796 43.69%



See also[]

  • KVLY-TV mast
  • KRDK-TV mast
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Traill County, North Dakota

Notes[]

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Traill County, North Dakota" (in en). United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/traillcountynorthdakota/PST045221. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ a b "County History". North Dakota.gov. The State of North Dakota. http://www.nd.gov/content.htm?parentCatID=83&id=County%20History. 
  4. ^ "Traill County, North Dakota". http://www.co.traill.nd.us/. 
  5. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html. 
  6. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/DAKs_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm. 
  7. ^ Traill County ND Google Maps (accessed February 24, 2019)
  8. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Traill County ND" Google Maps (accessed February 24, 2019)". https://www.daftlogic.com/sandbox-google-maps-find-altitude.htm. 
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_38.txt. 
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/nd190090.txt. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US38097. 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US38097. 
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US38097. 
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US38097. 
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

Template:Traill County, North Dakota

Coordinates: 47°27′N 97°11′W / 47.45, -97.183

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Traill County, North Dakota. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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