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Tyrrell County, North Carolina
Seal of Tyrrell County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Tyrrell County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1729
Seat Columbia
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

600 sq mi (1,554 km²)
390 sq mi (1,010 km²)
210 sq mi (544 km²), 35.05%
 - (2000)
 - Density

10/sq mi (4/km²)

Tyrrell County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of 2000, the population is 4149, making it the least populous county in the state[1][1]. Its county seat is Columbia6.


The county was formed in 1729 as Tyrrell Precinct of Albemarle County, from parts of Bertie Precinct, Chowan Precinct, Currituck Precinct, and Pasquotank Precinct. It was named for Sir John Tyrrell, one of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina.

With the abolition of Albemarle County in 1739, all of its constituent precincts became counties. In 1774 the western part of Tyrrell County was combined with part of Halifax County to form Martin County. In 1799 the western third of what was left of Tyrrell County became Washington County. In 1870 the half of Tyrrell County east of the Alligator River was combined with parts of Currituck County and Hyde County to form Dare County.

Law and government[]

Tyrrell County is a member of the Albemarle Commission regional council of governments.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1555 km² (600 sq mi). 1010 km² (390 sq mi) of it is land and 545 km² (210 sq mi) of it (35.05%) is water.


The county is divided into five townships: Alligator, Columbia, Gum Neck, Scuppernong, and South Fork - which are all part of the IBX - Inner Banks

Demographics as of 2000[]

Tyrrell County was as of 2000 the least populous county in the state of North Carolina.

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 4149 people, 1537 households, and 1055 families residing in the county. The population density was 4/km² (11/sq mi). There were 2032 housing units at an average density of 2/km² (5/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 56.47% White, 39.43% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 2.05% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.62% of the population.

There were 1,537 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.40% were married couples living together, 16.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.30% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 114.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,684, and the median income for a family was $32,468. Males had a median income of $26,227 versus $18,403 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,326. About 19.10% of families and 23.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.50% of those under age 18 and 20.80% of those age 65 or over.

Due to Columbia's proximity to the Outer Banks, land and property value have increased dramatically since 2000 and with that the local demographics have also changed.

Tyrrell County for Visitors[]

The Tyrrell County Chamber of Commerce[2] is located in the town of Columbia.

Economic Development[]

Tyrrell County due its close proximity to the Outer Banks has been designated [[3]]as part of the IBX - Inner Banks

NCSU Tyrrell County Center gives the county's residents easy access to the resources and expertise of NC State University and NC A&T State University.[4]

Cities and towns[]

Map of Tyrrell County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Coordinates: 35°52′N 76°10′W / 35.87, -76.17

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Tyrrell County, North Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.