|Ulster County, New York|
The Lake Mohonk Mountain House on Shawangunk Ridge
Location in the state of New York (state)
New York's location in the U.S.
1,161 sq mi (3,007 km²)
1,124 sq mi (2,911 km²)
37 sq mi (96 km²), 3.1
161.8/sq mi (62/km²)
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Founding and formation
When part of the New Netherland colony, Dutch traders first called the area of present-day Ulster County "Esopus", a name borrowed for convenience from a locality on the opposite side of the Hudson. The local Lenape indigenous people called themselves Waranawanka, but soon came to be known to the Dutch as the "Esopus Indians" because they were encountered around the settlement known as Esopus. In 1652, Thomas Chambers, a freeholder from the Manor of Rensselaerswyck, purchased land at Esopus. He and several others actually settled and began farming by June, 1653. The settlements grew into the village of Wiltwijck, which the English later named Kingston. In 1683, the Duke of York created 12 counties in his province, one of which was Ulster County, named for Ulster, the northern part of Ireland, which had only recently been brought under English rule following a series of wars and rebellions, and then the Plantation of Ulster. Its boundaries at that time included the present Sullivan County and parts of the present Delaware, Orange, and Greene Counties.
In 1777, the first state capital of the independent New York State was established at Kingston. The official records of Ulster County were removed to safety to a stone house in Kerhonkson when it became evident that the British would burn Kingston.
In 1797, parts of Otsego and Ulster Counties were split off to create Delaware County.
In 1798, Ulster County's southernmost towns were moved into Orange County to compensate Orange for breaking away its southernmost part to form Rockland County.
In 1800, portions of Albany and Ulster Counties were split off to create Greene County.
In 1809, Sullivan County was split off from Ulster County.
During the American Civil War, volunteers were recruited from the county and formed the majority of the following regiments:
- 80th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment
- 120th New York Volunteer Infantry
- 156th New York Volunteer Infantry
Other regiments with at least one company from the county included:
- 1st Battalion New York Volunteer Sharpshooters
- 1st New York Volunteer Engineer Regiment
- 7th Regiment New York Volunteer Cavalry
- 7th New York Veteran Infantry Regiment
- 15th Regiment New York Volunteer Cavalry
- 20th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment
- 25th Regiment New York Volunteer Cavalry
- 25th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment
- 56th New York Volunteer Infantry
- 65th New York Volunteer Infantry
- 71st New York Infantry
- 102nd New York Volunteer Infantry
- 132nd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment
- 168th New York Volunteer Infantry
- 176th New York Volunteer Infantry
- 178th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment
- 192nd New York Volunteer Infantry
The Lake Mohonk Mountain House on Shawangunk Ridge was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986.
Ulster County is in southeastern New York State, south of Albany, immediately west of the Hudson River. Much of it is within the Catskill Mountains and the Shawangunk Ridge. Ulster County has Minnewaska State Park Preserve, Mohonk Preserve, Sundown State Park, VerNooykill State Forest, Witches Hole State Forest, and Shawangunk Ridge State Forest. The Sam's Point section of Minnewaska includes rare dwarf pine trees and Verkeerder Kill falls.
The county's highest point is Slide Mountain, at approximately 4,180 feet (1,270 m) above sea level. The lowest point is sea level along the Hudson River.
- Greene County — north
- Columbia County — northeast
- Dutchess County — southeast
- Orange County — south
- Sullivan County — southwest
- Delaware County — northwest
National protected area
- Shawangunk Grasslands National Wildlife Refuge
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, the county had 181,440 people, 67,499 households, and 43,536 families. The population density was 158 people per square mile (61/km2). There were 77,656 housing units at an average density of 69 per square mile (27/km2). The county's racial makeup, as of 2008, was 83.2% white, 6.50% black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.15% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. 7.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.2% were of Italian, 16.8% Irish, 15.5% German, 6.8% English, and 4.7% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 90.3% spoke English, 4.5% Spanish, 1.2% Italian, and 1.0% German as their first language.
There were 67,499 households, of which 30.70% had children under age 18 living with them, 49.20% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.50% were non-families. Of all households, 27.90% were made up of individuals, and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.03.
23.50% of the county's population was under age 18, 8.70% was from age 18 to 24, 29.70% was from age 25 to 44, 24.70% was from age 45 to 64, and 13.30% was age 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males.
The county's median household income was $42,551, and the median family income was $51,708. Males had a median income of $36,808 versus $27,086 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,846. About 7.20% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.00% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.
Government and politics
In recent history, Ulster County has voted Democratic. In 2004, John Kerry defeated George W. Bush by 54–43%; in 2008, Barack Obama defeated John McCain by 61–38%; in 2012, Obama defeated Mitt Romney by 60–37%; and in 2016, Hillary Clinton defeated Donald Trump by 52-41%. The county is in New York's 19th congressional district, represented by Democrat Antonio Delgado.
Ulster long had a county-scale version of a council-manager government, with the county legislature hiring a county administrator to handle executive functions. The chair of the legislature had a great deal of power and was accountable only to the voters of his own district. The only countywide elected officials were the county clerk (Nina Postupack has served since 2006), district attorney (Dave Clegg took office in 2020) and sheriff (Juan Figueroa took office in 2019).
In 2006, voters approved the first-ever county charter, changing to an elected executive branch. Two years later, Michael P. Hein, the last appointed county administrator, became Ulster's first elected county executive. In early 2019, Hein resigned to accept Governor Andrew Cuomo's appointment as commissioner of the state Office of Temporary and Disability Assistance. Deputy County Executive Adele Reiter succeeded him as acting county executive until a special election was held in April 2019.
|Michael P. Hein||Democratic||January 1, 2009 – February 11, 2019|
|Adele Reiter||Democratic||February 11, 2019 – June 7, 2019 (Acting)|
|Patrick K. Ryan||Democratic||June 7, 2019 – present|
Legislative authority is vested in the County Legislature, which consists of 23 members elected from individual districts, as directed by a county charter reapportionment mandate starting in late 2010. Of the members of the County Legislature, 12 are part of the Democratic Caucus (11 affiliated with the Democratic Party and 1 unaffiliated), and 11 are part of the Republican Caucus (8 affiliated with the Republican Party, 1 affiliated with the Conservative Party, 1 affiliated with the Independence Party, and 1 affiliated with the Democratic Party).
|5||Abe Uchitelle, Majority Whip||Democratic||Democratic||Kingston|
|6||David Donaldson, Chairman||Democratic||Democratic||Kingston|
|9||Herbert Litts III||Republican||Republican||Highland|
|10||Mary Beth Maio||Republican||Republican||Highland|
|11||Thomas Corcoran, Jr.||Republican||Republican||Marlborough|
|13||Kenneth Ronk Jr., Minority Leader||Republican||Republican||Wallkill|
|14||Craig Lopez, Minority Whip||Republican||Republican||Pine Bush|
|16||Tracey Bartels, Vice Chair||Unaffiliated||Democratic||Gardiner|
|17||James Delaune||Democratic||Democratic||New Paltz|
|19||Manna Jo Greene||Democratic||Democratic||Cottekill|
|20||Eve Walter||Democratic||Democratic||New Paltz|
|23||Jonathan Heppner, Majority Leader||Democratic||Democratic||Woodstock|
Ulster County contains a large part of Catskill Park and the Catskill Forest Preserve. The former Delaware and Hudson Canal brought Pennsylvania coal to Kingston on the Hudson. Former Orleans band member John Hall served in the Ulster County legislature before moving to the 19th Congressional District to run for Congress.
Ulster County has continued to be a popular vacation destination for many decades. The County is home to many outdoor landscapes, including the Catskill Mountains, the Hudson River, Minnewaska State Park, Catskill Park, Shawangunk Mountains and the Shawangunk Ridge. Each offers various recreation opportunities, including hiking, bicycling, skiing, horseback riding, kayaking, rock climbing, hunting and fishing.
The County also includes more than 40[convert: needs unit name] of rail trails along the Hudson Valley Rail Trail, Wallkill Valley Rail Trail, and O&W Rail Trail. The Walkway Over the Hudson, the world's longest pedestrian and bicycle bridge which spans the Hudson River, is connected within Ulster County trails.
Ulster County has also played a role in some significant moments in U.S. history. The Senate House State Historic Site in Kingston, New York is where, in early 1777, American colonists met to ratify the New York Constitution.
The Ulster County Fair has been held in New Paltz for many years and is promoted as "The Best Six Days of Summer". County run recreation areas include the Ulster County Pool in New Paltz and the Ulster Landing Park in Saugerties.
Since 2016, Kingston Stockade FC, a semi-professional soccer team that plays in the National Premier Soccer League (NPSL), has been based in Kingston and plays its home matches at Dietz Stadium.
Also since 2015, the Saugerties Stallions, a collegiate summer baseball league team that plays in the Perfect Game Collegiate Baseball League (PGCBL), have been based in Saugerties and play their home games at Cantine Field.
The New York State Thruway Interstate 87 runs north–south through the county, carrying traffic to and from New York City and its surroundings.
Public transportation in Ulster County is provided by Trailways of New York to and from New York City and Albany, and along Routes 28 and 32, Ulster County Area Transit on major state and U.S. road corridors in the county, and by Kingston Citibus in Kingston.
- Kingston (county seat)
- New Paltz
- East Kingston
- High Falls
- Lake Katrine
- Lincoln Park
- Pine Hill
- Port Ewen
- Saugerties South
- Stone Ridge
- Walker Valley
- West Hurley
- Big Indian
- Brown's Station
- Lew Beach
- Mt. Pleasant
- Mt. Tremper
- Spring Glen
- West Park
- West Saugerties
- West Shokan
- List of counties in New York
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Ulster County, New York
- ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Ulster County, New York". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/ulstercountynewyork/PST045221.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx.
- ^ "National Historic Landmarks Program – Lake Mohonk Mountain House". National Park Service. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=1356&ResourceType=District.
- ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_36.txt.
- ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html.
- ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu.
- ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ny190090.txt.
- ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov.
- ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS.
- ^ Brooks, Paul (November 5, 2008). "Hein wins big as first Ulster County executive". Times-Herald Record (Ottaway Community Newspapers). http://www.recordonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20081105/NEWS/811050351.
- ^ Doxsey, Patricia (January 4, 2019). "Ulster County Executive Michael Hein leaving to take state post" (in en). https://www.dailyfreeman.com/news/local-news/ulster-county-executive-michael-hein-leaving-to-take-state-post/article_7e3831e4-1051-11e9-bee4-ff3fad068a1a.html.
- ^ Doxsey, Patricia (April 30, 2019). "Democrat Ryan coasts to victory in Ulster County executive special election" (in en). https://www.dailyfreeman.com/news/elections/democrat-ryan-coasts-to-victory-in-ulster-county-executive-special/article_5bd4ca8a-6bab-11e9-8ae5-4bc0ed634aac.html.
- ^ Doxsey, Patricia (June 7, 2019). "Ryan sworn in as Ulster County executive, promises to lead with 'bold vision'" (in en). https://www.dailyfreeman.com/news/local-news/ryan-sworn-in-as-ulster-county-executive-promises-to-lead/article_15025f0e-8957-11e9-b143-83f497e6867d.html.
- ^ Ulster reapportionment panel to revamp Legislature. DailyFreeman.com. Retrieved on August 9, 2013.
- Clearwater, Alphonso T. (1907). A History of Ulster County, New York. Kingston, NY: W.J. Van Deusen.
- Fried, Marc B. (1975). The Early History of Kingston & Ulster County, NY. Marbletown, NY: Ulster County Historical Society.
- Sylvester, Nathaniel Bartlett (1880). History of Ulster County, New York, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of its Prominent Men and Pioneers: Part Second: History of the Towns of Ulster County. Philadelphia, PA: Everts & Peck. OCLC 2385957.
- Ulster County Historians (1984). The History of Ulster County, With Emphasis upon the Last 100 Years, 1883–1983. Kingston, NY: Ulster County Historians. OCLC 11345209.
- Van Buren, Augustus H. (1923). A History of Ulster County Under the Dominion of the Dutch. Kingston, NY. OCLC 1131828.
- Zimm, Louise Hasbrouck (1946). Southeastern New York: A History of the Counties of Ulster, Dutchess, Orange, Rockland and Putnam. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co.
- Ulster County web site
- Ulster County at Curlie
- Ulster County Alive
- Guide to the Ulster County Collection, 1666-1893
|Delaware County||Greene County||Columbia County|
Ulster County, New York
|Sullivan County||Orange County||Dutchess County|
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|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Ulster County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|