Uncle is a male family relationship or kinship within an extended or immediate family. Uncles are second-degree relatives and share 25% genetic overlap when they are the full brother of one of the biological parents. An uncle is the brother of one's parent. A half-uncle is the half-brother of one's parent. "Uncle-in-law" can refer to the husband of one's aunt or uncle of one's spouse. A biological uncle is a second degree male relative and shares 25% genetic overlap. However people who are not a biological uncle are sometimes affectionately called as an uncle as a title of admiration and respect. The co-uncle-in-law is the husband of one's aunt of one's spouse. The stepuncle is the stepbrother of one's parent or the brother of one's stepparent.
A granduncle/great-uncle is the brother of one's grandparent. Half-great-uncle/half-granduncle is the half-brother of one's grandparent. Great-uncle-in-law/granduncle-in-law is the husband of one's great-aunt/grandaunt. Great-uncle-in-law/granduncle-in-law and can also be great-uncle/granduncle of one's spouse. The co-great-uncle-in-law/co-granduncle-in-law is the husband of one's great-aunt/grandaunt of one's spouse.
A great-great-uncle/great-granduncle is the brother of one's great-grandparent. Half-great-great-uncle/half-great-granduncle is the half-brother of one's great-grandparent. Great-great-uncle-in-law/great-granduncle-in-law is the husband of one's great-great-aunt/great-grandaunt. Great-great-uncle-in-law/great-granduncle-in-law and can also be great-great-uncle/great-granduncle of one's spouse. The co-great-great-uncle-in-law/co-great-granduncle-in-law is the husband of one's great-great-aunt/great-grandaunt of one's spouse.
A cousin-uncle is the male cousin of one's parent, in other words, is the nephew of one's grandparent. A great-cousin-uncle is the male cousin of one's grandparent, in other words, is the nephew of one's great-grandparent. A great-great-cousin-uncle is the male cousin of one's great-grandparent, in other words, is the nephew of one's great-great-grandparent.
In some cultures and families, children may refer to the cousins of their parents as "aunt" or "uncle". It is also a title of respect for elders (for example older cousins, neighbors, acquaintances, close family friends, and even sometimes total strangers). Using the term in this way is a form of fictive kinship.
Albanian, Slavic, and Persian
In some cultures, like Albanian, Slavic, or Persian, no single inclusive term describing both a person's kinship to their parental male sibling or parental male in-law exists. Instead, there are specific terms describing a person's kinship to their mother's brother ("dajë" in Albanian language, "daiyee" in Persian) or a person's kinship to their father's brother ("xhajë" in Albanian, "amou" in Persian). An analogous differentiation exists using separate terms to describe a person's kinship to their mother's female sibling, ("teze" in Albanian, "khaleh" in Persian), and a person's kinship to their father's female sibling, ("hallë" in Albanian, "ammeh" in Persian).
Furthermore, in Persian culture the terms used to describe a person's kinship to their maternal or paternal in-laws bear clear and unambiguous descriptions of that relationship, differentiating the parental in-laws from blood-relatives. For example, there is a specific term describing a person's kinship to the spouse of their paternal uncle (i.e. "zan-amou", literally 'wife-of-' amou). This clarifies that kinship is to the spouse of the person's paternal male sibling, as opposed to a blood-relationship.
Uncles and aunts are considered important in modern Irish culture and are usually chosen to be godfather or godmother of children during Catholic baptism. A young Irish person might seek the counsel of their favourite aunt or uncle before making an important decision and the opinion of the respective aunt or uncle is treated seriously.
- Bob's your uncle
- Say Uncle
- Uncle Sam
- The dictionary definition of uncle at Wiktionary
- The dictionary definition of granduncle at Wiktionary
- The dictionary definition of great-uncle at Wiktionary
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