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Union County, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Union County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Seat Liberty
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

165.25 sq mi (428 km²)
161.55 sq mi (418 km²)
3.70 sq mi (10 km²), 2.24%
 - (2010)
 - Density

46/sq mi (18/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Indiana county number 81

Liberty from the air, looking east.

Union County] is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 7,516.[1] The county seat is Liberty[2].


Union County was formed in 1821. It was so named because it is the product of a union of parts of Fayette, Franklin and Wayne counties. The first settlers were from Laurens District, South Carolina. John Templeton was the first settler to enter land at the Cincinnati land office in what would become Harmony Township, Union County Indiana. The first county seat was Brownsville, a small town located on the East Fork of the Whitewater River. The seat was moved in 1824 to Liberty, a central location. The primary industry of Union County was and is farming.

Union County is the birthplace of Thomas Warren Bennett, Mary Alice Smith (Little Orphan Annie), Cincinnatus Hiner "Joaquin" Miller, Jay Hall Connaway, Major General Frederick Leroy Martin and Ambrose Burnside.


According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 165.25 square miles (428.0 km2), of which 161.55 square miles (418.4 km2) (or 97.76%) is land and 3.70 square miles (9.6 km2) (or 2.24%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[]

Cities and towns[]


  • Billingsville
  • Brownsville
  • Dunlapsville
  • Kitchel
  • Philomath
  • Roseburg


  • Brownsville
  • Center
  • Harmony
  • Harrison
  • Liberty
  • Union

Major highways[]

  • US 27.svg U.S. Route 27
  • Indiana 44.svg Indiana State Road 44
  • Indiana 101.svg Indiana State Road 101
  • Indiana 227.svg Indiana State Road 227

Climate and weather[]

Climate chart for Liberty, Indiana
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in Liberty have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −31 °F (−35.0 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in September 1951. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.68 inches (68 mm) in September to 4.90 inches (124 mm) in May.[4]


The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[5][6]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[5][6]

Court: The county maintains a circuit court that can handle all case types. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level appeals court.[6]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. People elected to county government positions are required to be residents of the county.[6]


Union County
Population by year

2000 7,349
1990 6,976
1980 6,860
1970 6,582
1960 6,457
1950 6,412
1940 6,017
1930 5,880
1920 6,021
1910 6,260
1900 6,748
1890 7,006
1880 7,673
1870 6,341
1860 7,109
1850 6,944
1840 8,017
1830 7,944

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 7,349 people, 2,793 households, and 2,072 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 3,077 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.69% White, 0.23% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. 0.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 36.2% were of American, 24.9% German, 12.0% English and 8.9% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 2,793 households out of which 35.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.60% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.30% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,672, and the median income for a family was $41,752. Males had a median income of $31,859 versus $21,617 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,549. About 7.90% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Union County, Indiana
  • Edward E. Moore, Indiana state senator and Los Angeles City Council member


  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

Coordinates: 39°37′N 84°55′W / 39.62, -84.92

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Union County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.