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Union County, North Carolina
Union County Courthouse, Monroe, NC September 2017, front view.jpg
Union County Courthouse in 2017
Seal of Union County, North Carolina
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Union County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1842
Seat Monroe
Largest town Indian Trail
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

640 sq mi (1,658 km²)
632 sq mi (1,637 km²)
8.0 sq mi (21 km²), 1.3%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

238,267
386.97/sq mi (149/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.union.nc.us

Union County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 census, the population was 238,267.[1] Its county seat is Monroe.[2] Union County is included in the Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

The county was formed in 1842 from parts of Anson County and Mecklenburg County. Its name was a compromise between Whigs, who wanted to name the new county for Henry Clay, and Democrats, who wanted to name it for Andrew Jackson. The Helms, Starnes, McRorie, and Belk families were prominent in the town as well as Monroe and Charlotte. Most of these families came from Goose Creek Township.

Monroe, the county seat of Union County, also became a focal point during the Civil Rights Movement. In 1958, local NAACP Chapter President Robert F. Williams defended a nine-year-old African-American boy who had been kissed by a white girl in an incident known as the Kissing Case. A second African-American boy, aged seven, was also convicted and sentenced to live in a juvenile reformatory until he was 21 for simply witnessing the act. In 1961, Williams was accused of kidnapping an elderly white couple, when he sheltered them in his house during a very explosive situation of high racial tensions. Williams fled and went into exile in Cuba and in the People's Republic of China before returning to the United States.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 640 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 632 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 8.0 square miles (21 km2) (1.3%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[]

Major highways[]

  • US 74
  • US 601
  • NC 16
  • NC 75
  • NC 84
  • NC 200
  • NC 205
  • NC 207
  • NC 218
  • NC 522
  • NC 742


Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 10,051
1860 11,202 11.5%
1870 12,217 9.1%
1880 18,056 47.8%
1890 21,259 17.7%
1900 27,156 27.7%
1910 33,277 22.5%
1920 36,029 8.3%
1930 40,979 13.7%
1940 39,097 −4.6%
1950 42,034 7.5%
1960 44,670 6.3%
1970 54,714 22.5%
1980 70,380 28.6%
1990 84,211 19.7%
2000 123,677 46.9%
2010 201,292 62.8%

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 201,292 people, 67,864 households, and 54,019 families residing in the county. The population density was 194 people per square mile (75/km2). There were 45,695 housing units at an average density of 31.4 per square mile (12.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 79.0% White, 11.7% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.3% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. 10.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 67,864 households, out of which 42.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.60% were married couples living together, and 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present. 6.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.3.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 32.90% under the age of 20, 4.7% from 20 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.2 years. The population was 49.4% male. Northern Union County has the southern foothills of the Uwharrie Mountains

Communities[]

Map of Union County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

City[]

Towns[]

Villages[]

  • Lake Park
  • Marvin
  • Wesley Chapel

Census-designated place[]

  • JAARS

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Brief
  • Jackson
  • New Salem
  • Olive Branch
  • Roughedge

Ghost towns[]

  • Gibraltar

Townships[]

  • Goose Creek
  • Jackson
  • Marshville
  • Monroe
  • New Salem
  • Vance
  • Buford
  • Lanes Creek
  • Sandy Ridge

Politics, law and government[]

In the early through mid-twentieth century, Union County was a firm "Solid South" Democratic county. Union County remained traditionally "Solid South" until after the Civil Rights Movement. The first Republican to win the county was Richard Nixon[5] with less than forty percent of the vote in a three-way race in 1968. Following Nixon's election, the trend towards liberalism in the Democratic Party has turned Union County into a strongly Republican county since the late twentieth century. The last Democrat to win Union County was Jimmy Carter in 1980, and since then, no Democrat has won more than 38 percent of the county's vote.

United States presidential election results for Union County, North Carolina[6]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 80,382 61.36% 48,725 37.19% 1,904 1.45%
2016 66,707 63.10% 34,337 32.48% 4,666 4.41%
2012 61,107 64.51% 32,473 34.28% 1,148 1.21%
2008 54,123 62.87% 31,189 36.23% 777 0.90%
2004 42,820 70.20% 17,974 29.47% 207 0.34%
2000 31,876 67.59% 14,890 31.57% 395 0.84%
1996 18,802 57.03% 11,525 34.96% 2,643 8.02%
1992 16,542 51.71% 10,789 33.72% 4,661 14.57%
1988 17,015 65.71% 8,820 34.06% 61 0.24%
1984 16,885 70.45% 7,048 29.41% 35 0.15%
1980 9,012 45.77% 10,073 51.16% 603 3.06%
1976 6,184 36.72% 10,578 62.81% 78 0.46%
1972 10,264 71.60% 3,886 27.11% 186 1.30%
1968 5,290 38.67% 3,630 26.53% 4,761 34.80%
1964 4,229 36.98% 7,208 63.02% 0 0.00%
1960 4,030 35.28% 7,393 64.72% 0 0.00%
1956 3,362 34.50% 6,383 65.50% 0 0.00%
1952 3,790 33.82% 7,416 66.18% 0 0.00%
1948 738 14.35% 3,407 66.23% 999 19.42%
1944 1,114 16.28% 5,729 83.72% 0 0.00%
1940 634 8.11% 7,179 91.89% 0 0.00%
1936 601 7.44% 7,480 92.56% 0 0.00%
1932 710 10.33% 6,103 88.84% 57 0.83%
1928 2,448 46.29% 2,840 53.71% 0 0.00%
1924 672 19.62% 2,721 79.45% 32 0.93%
1920 1,404 25.20% 4,168 74.80% 0 0.00%
1916 702 20.84% 2,662 79.04% 4 0.12%
1912 92 3.91% 1,786 75.87% 476 20.22%
1908 834 29.13% 2,029 70.87% 0 0.00%
1904 379 23.99% 1,181 74.75% 20 1.27%
1900 864 32.29% 1,790 66.89% 22 0.82%
1896 1,009 26.70% 2,747 72.69% 23 0.61%
1892 572 17.88% 1,798 56.19% 830 25.94%
1888 879 29.68% 2,067 69.78% 16 0.54%
1884 627 25.35% 1,846 74.65% 0 0.00%
1880 824 35.21% 1,516 64.79% 0 0.00%



Union County is a member of the regional Centralina Council of Governments.[7]

Education[]

  • South Piedmont Community College
  • Central Academy of Technology and Arts
  • Cuthbertson High School
  • Forest Hills High School
  • Marvin Ridge High School
  • Monroe Charter Academy
  • Monroe High School
  • Parkwood High School
  • Piedmont High School
  • Porter Ridge High School
  • Sun Valley High School
  • Arborbrook Christian Academy
  • Tabernacle Christian School
  • Union County Early College
  • Union Academy
  • Weddington High School
  • Wingate University
  • Shiloh Elementary

Events[]

Entering Union County on North Carolina Highway 200

  • Brooklandwood in Mineral Springs is the site of the Queens Cup Steeplechase, one of steeplechase horse racing's major annual events. The program consists of several races, and is held the last Saturday of April. The schedule of events also features a Jack Russell Terrier judging contest. Over 10,000 people typically attend the event.
  • The Union County town of Marshville is the site of the Boll Weevil Festival, an annual street fair and carnival that takes place every fall.

See also[]

  • Brandon Oaks, North Carolina
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Union County, North Carolina

References[]

External links[]

Coordinates: 34°59′N 80°32′W / 34.99, -80.53


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Union County, North Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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