|— Oblast —|
|Nickname(s): Volyn, Wołyń|
|• Governor||Volodymyr Hunchyk (Petro Poroshenko Bloc)|
|• Oblast council||80 seats|
|• Chairperson||Valentyn Viter (Batkivshchyna)|
|• Total||20,144 km2 (7,778 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 20th|
|• Rank||Ranked 24th|
|• Density||51/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|ISO 3166 code||UA-07|
|Cities of oblast subordinance||4|
Volyn Oblast (Ukrainian: Волинська область|, translit. Volyns’ka oblast’, Polish: Obwód wołyński; also referred to as Volyn’ or Wołyń) is an oblast (province) in north-western Ukraine. Its administrative center is Lutsk. Kovel is the westernmost town and the last station in Ukraine of the rail line running from Kiev to Warsaw. Population: Template:Ua-pop-est2015
- See also: Volhynia for earlier history
Volyn was once part of Kievan Rus' before becoming an independent local principality and an integral part of the Halych-Volynia, one of Kievan Rus' successor states. In the 15th century, the area came under the control of neighbouring Grand Duchy of Lithuania, in 1569 passing over to Poland and then in 1795, until World War I, to the Russian Empire where it was a part of the Volynskaya Guberniya. In the interwar period most of the territory, organized as Wołyń Voivodeship was under Polish control.
In 1939 when following the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact Poland was invaded and divided by Germany and the Soviet Union, Volyn was joined to the Soviet Ukraine, and on December 4, 1939 the oblast was organized.
Many Ukrainians rejoiced at the "reunification", but the Polish minority suffered a cruel fate. Thousands of Poles, especially retired Polish officers and intelligentsia were deported to Siberia and other areas in the depths of the Soviet Union. A high proportion of these deportees died in the extreme conditions of Soviet labour camps and most were never able to return to Volyn again.
Partisan activity started in Volyn in 1941, soon after German occupation. Partisans were involved in the Rail War campaign against German supply lines and were known for their efficiency in gathering intelligence and for sabotage. The region formed the basis of several networks and many members of the local population served with the partisans. The Poles in the area became part of the Polish Home Army, which often undertook operations with the partisan movement.
UPA initially supported Nazi Germany which had in turn supported them with financing and weaponry before the start of World War II. Many served in the various RONA and SS units. Once they became disillusioned with the Nazi program, they independently began to target all non Ukrainians (Poles, Jews, Russians, among others) for liquidation. Some 30,000 to 60,000 Poles, Czechs, remaining Jews, and Ukrainians who tried to help others escape (Polish sources gave even higher figures) and later, around 2,000 or more Ukrainians were killed in retaliation (see Massacres of Poles in Volhynia).
In January 1944 the Red Army recaptured the territory from the Germans.
In the immediate aftermath of World War II the Polish-Soviet border was redrawn . Volyn, along with the neighbouring provinces became an integral part of the Ukrainian SSR. Most Poles who remained in the eastern region were forced to leave to the Recovered Territories of western Poland (the former easternmost provinces of Germany) whose German population had been expelled. Some of the Ukrainians on the western side, notably around the city of Kholm (Chełm in Polish), were also forcibly relocated to Ukraine.
The area underwent rapid industrialisation including the construction of the Lutskiy Avtomobilnyi Zavod. Nevertheless, the area remains one of the most rural throughout the former Soviet Union.
The following historical-cultural sites were nominated in 2007 for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.
- Upper Castle
- Volodymyr-Volynsky historical-cultural complex
- Villa-museum of Lesia Ukrainka
- Painting of the Holm's Virgin Mary
- Former Chairmen of Oblast Council
- 2006 – Vasyl Dmytruk Lytvyn's Bloc
- 2006 – Anatoliy Hrytsiuk
The Volyn Oblast is administratively subdivided into 16 raions (districts), as well as 4 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Kovel, Novovolynsk, Volodymyr-Volynskyi, and the administrative center of the oblast, Lutsk.
|In English||In Ukrainian||Administrative Center|
|Horokhiv Rayon||Горохівський район
|Ivanychi Rayon||Іваничівський район
|Kamin-Kashyrskyi Rayon||Камінь-Каширський район
|Kivertsi Rayon||Ківерцівський район
|Kovel Rayon||Ковельський район
|Lokachi Rayon||Локачинський район
|Lutsk Rayon||Луцький район
|Lyubeshiv Rayon||Любешівський район
|Lyuboml Rayon||Любомльський район
|Manevychi Rayon||Маневицький район
|Ratne Rayon||Ратнівський район
|Rozhyshche Rayon||Рожищенський район
|Shatsk Rayon||Шацький район
|Stara Vyzhivka Rayon||Старовижівський район
|Stara Vyzhivka |
|Turiysk Rayon||Турійський район
|Volodymyr-Volynskyi Rayon||Володимир-Волинський район
- 0–14 years: 19.0% (male 101,739/female 95,332)
- 15–64 years: 68.2% (male 344,359/female 363,116)
- 65 years and over: 12.8% (male 42,221/female 90,463) (2013 official)
- total: 35.7 years
- male: 33.2 years
- female: 38.3 years (2013 official)
- ^ "Poroshenko appointed the Volynsk governor the head of the local campaign headquarters Gunchik". NEWS.PN. https://news.pn/en/politics/109911. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
- Volyn Oblast State Administration (Ukrainian)
- Volyn Region (Newspaper) (Ukrainian)
- Picture album (Ukrainian)
|Lviv Oblast||Lviv Oblast||Rivne Oblast|
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Volyn Oblast. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|