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Walton County, Georgia
005-Walton-County-Georgia-courthouse.jpg
Walton County courthouse in Monroe
Map of Georgia highlighting Walton County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 22, 1818; 203 years ago (1818)
Named for George Walton
Seat Monroe
Largest city Monroe
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

330 sq mi (855 km²)
326 sq mi (844 km²)
4.3 sq mi (11 km²), 1.3%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

96,673
257/sq mi (99/km²)
Congressional district 10th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website http://www.waltoncountyga.gov/

Walton County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 96,673.[1] It is located about 30 miles east of the state capital, the city of Atlanta. Monroe is the county seat; Loganville is another major city.[2]

Walton County is part of the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

Template:Undue weight section Walton County was created on December 15, 1818. It is named for George Walton, one of the three men from Georgia who signed the United States Declaration of Independence.[3] The other two were Button Gwinnett and Lyman Hall.

A Supreme Court ruling in April 1946 had ruled that white primaries were unconstitutional, enabling some black citizens in Georgia to cast ballots for the first time during the primary race later that summer.[4] This increased social tensions in many areas, as whites continued to oppose voting by blacks. In addition, many whites resisted black veterans' efforts to gain expanded freedoms following their service during World War II.

Moore's Ford lynchings (1946)[]

In July 1946, the county was the site of one of the last mass lynchings of the pre-Civil Rights Era, when four African Americans, two young married couples, were murdered here. African American Roger Malcom had had an argument with a local white farmer, "ostensibly over a woman".[4] He and his pregnant wife, and her cousin and her husband, were beaten and lynched on July 25.

A historical highway marker erected by the state in the 21st century reads:

2.4 miles east, at Moore’s Ford Bridge on the Apalachee River, four African-Americans - George and Mae Murray Dorsey and Roger and Dorothy Dorsey Malcom (reportedly 7 months pregnant) - were brutally beaten and shot by an unmasked mob on the afternoon of July 25, 1946. The lynching followed an argument between Roger Malcom and a local white farmer. These unsolved murders played a crucial role in both President Truman’s commitment to civil rights legislation and the ensuing modern civil rights movement.

The sign is at 33° 51.417′ N, 83° 36.733′ W. Marker is near Monroe, Georgia, in Walton County. This is at the intersection of U.S. 78 and Locklin Road, on the right when traveling east on U.S. 78.[5][6]

In 1998, local people arranged a biracial memorial service honoring the victims, which was held at Moore's Ford Bridge.[7] Since then a local interracial committee organized to rekindle attention to the case, in hopes of bringing justice to the victims. They also gained state support to erect the historical highway marker noted above to mark the unsolved murders and commemorate the victims.[4]

In the 21st century, commemoration has included an on-site reenactment, held annually since 2005 as part of the education effort.[4][8]

Fire in a Canebrake: The Last Mass Lynching in America (2003), by author Laura Wexler, is among the books to explore the case and social context, and related evidence, including reference to contemporary FBI reports in the investigation ordered under President Truman.[4][9][10]

In the early 21st century, the US Department of Justice reopened an investigation into the cold case, but they were unable to gain sufficient evidence to prosecute any survivors among the more than 50 suspects that FBI files from 1946 had suggested had been involved in the lynching.[4][11] A local multi-ethnic committee continues to press for the case to be reviewed again in hopes of bringing justice to the victims. In February 2014 they presented a video to the Walton Board of Commissioners about the case.[12]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 330 square miles (850 km2), of which 326 square miles (840 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11 km2) (1.3%) is water.[13] The county is located in the Piedmont region of the state.

The western half of Walton County, in a half circle from Social Circle through Monroe to northeast of Loganville, is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. The eastern part of the county, east of that curve, is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin.[14]

Adjacent counties[]

Transportation[]

Major highways[]

  • I-20.svg Interstate 20
  • US 78.svg U.S. Route 78
  • US 278.svg U.S. Route 278
  • Georgia 10.svg State Route 10
  • Georgia 10 Business.svg State Route 10 Business
  • Georgia 11.svg State Route 11
  • Georgia 12.svg State Route 12
  • Georgia 20.svg State Route 20
  • Georgia 81.svg State Route 81
  • Georgia 83.svg State Route 83
  • Georgia 138.svg State Route 138
  • Georgia 186.svg State Route 186
  • Georgia 402.svg State Route 402 (unsigned designation for I-20)

Walton County doesn't have any pedestrian trails. However, there are trails in neighboring Gwinnett and Rockdale county such as the Arabia Mountain Path, Conyers Trail and Cedar Creek Trail Loop.

Demographics[]

There was a noted decline in population from 1900 to 1960, as thousands of African Americans left the rural area in the Great Migration, moving to the North, Midwest and West Coast to escape social oppression and to gain better jobs and opportunities.

With dramatic new growth related to the rise of Atlanta as a corporate city, the demographics have changed and the county is majority white in the 21st century. The area has been developed for suburban housing and retail.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 1,026
1820 4,192 308.6%
1830 10,929 160.7%
1840 10,209 −6.6%
1850 10,821 6.0%
1860 11,074 2.3%
1870 11,038 −0.3%
1880 15,622 41.5%
1890 17,467 11.8%
1900 20,942 19.9%
1910 25,393 21.3%
1920 24,216 −4.6%
1930 21,118 −12.8%
1940 20,777 −1.6%
1950 20,230 −2.6%
1960 20,481 1.2%
1970 23,404 14.3%
1980 31,211 33.4%
1990 38,586 23.6%
2000 60,687 57.3%
2010 83,768 38.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
1790-1960[16] 1900-1990[17]
1990-2000[18] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census[]

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 60,687 people, 21,307 households, and 17,002 families living in the county. The population density was 184 people per square mile (71/km2). There were 22,500 housing units at an average density of 68 per square mile (26/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 83.03% White, 14.42% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 21,307 households, out of which 39.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.70% were married couples living together, 12.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.20% were non-families. 16.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.40% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 32.20% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 9.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,479 and the median income for a family was $52,386. Males had a median income of $37,482 versus $25,840 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,470. About 8.00% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 83,768 people, 29,583 households, and 22,921 families living in the county.[20] The population density was 257.2 inhabitants per square mile (99.3 /km2). There were 32,435 housing units at an average density of 99.6 per square mile (38.5 /km2).[21] The racial makeup of the county was 80.1% white, 15.6% black or African American, 1.1% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.4% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.2% of the population.[20] In terms of ancestry, 20.2% identified as American, 15.6% as African-American, 12.2% as Irish, 10.9% as English, and 8.9% as German.[22]

Of the 29,583 households, 40.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.5% were non-families, and 18.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.19. The median age was 37.4 years.[20]

The median income for a household in the county was $51,721 and the median income for a family was $58,750. Males had a median income of $45,669 versus $32,064 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,521. About 10.5% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.[23]

2020 census[]

Walton County racial composition[24]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 68,499 70.86%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 17,136 17.73%
Native American 188 0.19%
Asian 1,409 1.46%
Pacific Islander 44 0.05%
Other/Mixed 4,169 4.31%
Hispanic or Latino 5,228 5.41%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 96,673 people, 33,350 households, and 25,736 families residing in the county.

Government[]

Walton County has a 6-member commission elected from single-member districts. This legislative body can pass laws for the county and tax bills. The county chairman is elected at-large to serve as the leader. If a seat becomes vacant during the term, the governor can appoint someone to fill the seat, based on recommendations. In 2015, two of the six positions were filled by appointees.

Politics[]

United States presidential election results for Walton County, Georgia[25]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 37,839 74.05% 12,683 24.82% 576 1.13%
2016 31,125 76.18% 8,292 20.29% 1,441 3.53%
2012 29,036 77.07% 8,148 21.63% 493 1.31%
2008 27,253 75.54% 8,469 23.47% 357 0.99%
2004 21,594 78.11% 5,887 21.29% 166 0.60%
2000 12,966 67.95% 5,484 28.74% 633 3.32%
1996 7,934 52.82% 5,618 37.40% 1,468 9.77%
1992 5,619 45.35% 4,821 38.91% 1,951 15.75%
1988 5,974 65.56% 3,091 33.92% 47 0.52%
1984 4,995 66.81% 2,481 33.19% 0 0.00%
1980 2,618 35.85% 4,525 61.96% 160 2.19%
1976 1,687 23.80% 5,402 76.20% 0 0.00%
1972 3,994 77.80% 1,140 22.20% 0 0.00%
1968 1,399 19.99% 1,552 22.18% 4,047 57.83%
1964 2,874 54.99% 2,350 44.97% 2 0.04%
1960 403 11.52% 3,095 88.48% 0 0.00%
1956 470 12.56% 3,271 87.44% 0 0.00%
1952 324 8.11% 3,672 91.89% 0 0.00%
1948 164 5.71% 2,440 84.99% 267 9.30%
1944 172 7.75% 2,046 92.25% 0 0.00%
1940 104 4.55% 2,179 95.24% 5 0.22%
1936 132 6.33% 1,952 93.58% 2 0.10%
1932 36 1.66% 2,136 98.34% 0 0.00%
1928 424 27.20% 1,135 72.80% 0 0.00%
1924 90 8.78% 873 85.17% 62 6.05%
1920 123 9.38% 1,189 90.63% 0 0.00%
1916 91 6.15% 1,305 88.24% 83 5.61%
1912 270 22.59% 885 74.06% 40 3.35%
1908 389 28.86% 727 53.93% 232 17.21%
1904 245 16.32% 877 58.43% 379 25.25%
1900 385 28.67% 836 62.25% 122 9.08%
1896 726 40.79% 1,001 56.24% 53 2.98%
1892 368 18.97% 1,286 66.29% 286 14.74%
1888 235 22.97% 767 74.98% 21 2.05%
1884 324 24.16% 1,017 75.84% 0 0.00%
1880 279 24.60% 855 75.40% 0 0.00%



Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Loganville
  • Monroe
  • Social Circle
  • Jersey
  • Good Hope
  • Walnut Grove

Towns[]

  • Between

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Bold Springs
  • Campton
  • Gratis
  • Mt. Vernon
  • Pannell
  • Windsor
  • Youth
  • Split Silk

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Walton County, Georgia
  • Hard Labor Creek Regional Reservoir

References[]

  • Camp, Lynn Robinson, and Jennifer E. Cheek-Collins. Walton County, Georgia (Black America Series; Charleston, S.C., 2003) (ISBN 0-7385-1528-0).
  • Sams, Anita B. Wayfarers in Walton: A History of Walton County, Georgia, 1818–1967 (Monroe, Ga., 1967).
  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13297.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins. Macon, GA: Winship Press. pp. 245. ISBN 0-915430-00-2. http://www.kenkrakow.com/gpn/w.pdf. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Chelsea Bailey, "Moore's Ford Massacre: Activists Reenact Racist Lynching as a Call for Justice", 02 August 2017; accessed 11 June 2018
  5. ^ "Moore’s Ford Lynching Historical Marker". https://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=19775. 
  6. ^ "Historical Marker Database Map". https://www.hmdb.org/map.asp?markers=19775,49395,19827,20703,20718,20717,17364,17348,46843. 
  7. ^ "Lynching in the South; Marking Murder". The Economist. 21 February 2015. 
  8. ^ Auslander, Mark. “Touching the Past: Materializing Time in Traumatic ‘Living History” Reenactments.” Signs and Society Vol. 1 (2013): 161-183
  9. ^ "Fire in a Canebrake: The Last Mass Lynching in America". Scribner. 2003. https://www.amazon.com/Fire-Canebrake-Last-Lynching-America/dp/0684868164/ref=tmm_hrd_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=&sr=. 
  10. ^ Asim, Jabari (January 2003). "The Moore's Ford Incident". The Washington Post. washingtonpost.com. https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/lifestyle/2003/01/21/the-moores-ford-incident/7b73145a-f38b-455b-ae8b-e81c01223d86/. 
  11. ^ "New evidence collected in 1946 lynching case - CNN.com". http://www.cnn.com/2008/US/07/01/lynching.investigation/index.html. 
  12. ^ Joeff Davis, "New information to be presented in unsolved Georgia lynching case", Creative Loafing (Atlanta), 1 March 2014
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  14. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. 
  15. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  16. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  17. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. 
  18. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  20. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13297. 
  21. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13297. 
  22. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13297. 
  23. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13297. 
  24. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US13297&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  25. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 33°47′N 83°44′W / 33.78, -83.74


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Walton County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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