Familypedia
Advertisement
This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.


Washington County, Minnesota
Map of Minnesota highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the U.S. highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded October 27, 1849 [2]
Named for U.S. President George Washington
Seat Stillwater
Largest city Woodbury
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

423.16 sq mi (1,096 km²)
391.70 sq mi (1,014 km²)
31.46 sq mi (81 km²), 7.43%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

267,568
577.7/sq mi (222.8/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.washington.mn.us

Washington County is a county established in 1849 in the U.S. state of Minnesota.[1] As of 2020, the population was 267,568.[2] Its county seat is Stillwater.[3]

History[]

Washington County was one of the nine original counties created when the Minnesota Territory was organized in 1849. The county was officially established October 27, 1849, named after George Washington.[4]

A view of the forested St. Croix River valley, looking south towards Afton

Early development in the area was on the St. Croix River, which now forms the boundary with Wisconsin on the county's eastern side. The river not only provided a means of transportation to move people upstream, but also move logs downstream. The area was heavily forested and the early economy was dependent on the logging and lumber industries.

The first settlement and seat was named Dacotah, and was located as early as 1838 in what is now northern Stillwater, where Brown's Creek flows into the St. Croix River.[5] The creek's name is from the founder of this settlement, Joseph Renshaw Brown. However, a sawmill was built at Marine-on-St.-Croix in 1839,[6] and another was built in the current location of downtown Stillwater in 1844. The success of these soon attracted the settlers from Dacotah, and Stillwater became the county seat in 1846.

During this early period, the region was part of the Wisconsin Territory, but Wisconsin became a state in 1848. Brown and other leaders called together settlers in this now-ungoverned territory to what has become known as the "Stillwater Convention" on August 26, 1848. Held in John McKusick’s store, the settlers drafted a Memorial to Congress that a new territory be created with the name “Minnesota,” and elected Henry Hastings Sibley to deliver this citizen’s petition to the U.S. Congress. Because of this convention, Stillwater calls itself the “Birthplace of Minnesota.”

After officially becoming a territory, growth continued, with the first Sheriff of Washington County appointed by Governor Alexander Ramsey in 1849,[7] and the county's school district founded in 1850.[8]

After the forests were depleted, the economy of Washington County became primarily agricultural. With the growth of neighboring Ramsey County and St. Paul, some of Washington County developed based on tourism and recreation, as with Mahtomedi and Landfall. Late in the 20th century, the population greatly increased with the suburban expansion of St. Paul.

Geography[]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 423.16 square miles (1,096.0 km2), of which 391.70 square miles (1,014.5 km2) (or 92.57%) is land and 31.46 square miles (81.5 km2) (or 7.43%) is water.[9]

Major highways[]

  • I-35.svg Interstate 35
  • I-94.svg Interstate 94
  • I-494.svg Interstate 494
  • I-694.svg Interstate 694
  • US 8.svg U.S. Highway 8
  • US 10.svg U.S. Highway 10
  • US 12.svg U.S. Highway 12
  • US 61.svg U.S. Highway 61
  • MN-5.svg Minnesota State Highway 5
  • MN-36.svg Minnesota State Highway 36
  • MN-95.svg Minnesota State Highway 95
  • MN-96.svg Minnesota State Highway 96
  • MN-97.svg Minnesota State Highway 97
  • MN-120.svg Minnesota State Highway 120
  • MN-244.svg Minnesota State Highway 244

Adjacent counties[]

National protected areas[]

  • Mississippi National River and Recreation Area (part)
  • Saint Croix National Scenic Riverway (part)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 1,056
1860 6,123 479.8%
1870 11,809 92.9%
1880 19,563 65.7%
1890 25,992 32.9%
1900 27,808 7.0%
1910 26,013 −6.5%
1920 23,761 −8.7%
1930 24,753 4.2%
1940 26,430 6.8%
1950 34,544 30.7%
1960 52,432 51.8%
1970 83,003 58.3%
1980 113,571 36.8%
1990 145,896 28.5%
2000 201,130 37.9%
2010 238,136 18.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 201,130 people, 71,462 households, and 54,668 families residing in the county. The population density was 514 people per square mile (198/km²). There were 73,635 housing units at an average density of 188 per square mile (73/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.63% White, 1.83% Black or African American, 0.39% Native American, 2.14% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. 1.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.7% were of German, 11.1% Norwegian, 9.8% Irish and 7.5% Swedish ancestry according to Census 2000.

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data.

There were 71,462 households out of which 41.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.50% were non-families. 18.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.40% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 32.90% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 7.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $66,305, and the median income for a family was $74,576 (these figures had risen to $78,067 and $90,867 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[11]). Males had a median income of $49,815 versus $33,804 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,148. About 2.00% of families and 2.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.50% of those under age 18 and 4.10% of those age 65 or over.

Politics and government[]

Washington County voters slightly tend to vote Democratic. In 63% of national elections since 1948, the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2020).

United States presidential election results for Washington County, Minnesota[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 73,764 44.23% 89,165 53.46% 3,857 2.31%
2016 64,428 44.67% 67,086 46.51% 12,721 8.82%
2012 69,137 48.64% 70,203 49.39% 2,793 1.97%
2008 64,334 46.94% 70,277 51.27% 2,448 1.79%
2004 65,751 51.19% 61,395 47.80% 1,303 1.01%
2000 51,502 48.13% 49,637 46.39% 5,870 5.49%
1996 31,219 35.45% 45,119 51.24% 11,719 13.31%
1992 26,568 31.07% 35,820 41.90% 23,111 27.03%
1988 30,850 46.45% 34,952 52.63% 613 0.92%
1984 29,046 50.13% 28,527 49.23% 369 0.64%
1980 22,718 41.38% 25,634 46.69% 6,550 11.93%
1976 20,716 42.64% 26,454 54.45% 1,413 2.91%
1972 19,142 53.03% 16,102 44.61% 854 2.37%
1968 10,921 37.72% 16,449 56.81% 1,584 5.47%
1964 8,850 32.75% 18,108 67.01% 64 0.24%
1960 11,202 48.42% 11,870 51.31% 61 0.26%
1956 9,562 56.06% 7,462 43.75% 32 0.19%
1952 9,408 54.57% 7,768 45.06% 64 0.37%
1948 5,686 40.70% 8,039 57.54% 245 1.75%
1944 6,014 51.49% 5,599 47.94% 66 0.57%
1940 6,710 51.41% 6,288 48.18% 54 0.41%
1936 3,863 32.99% 6,768 57.80% 1,079 9.21%
1932 3,996 37.50% 6,413 60.18% 247 2.32%
1928 6,113 59.06% 4,158 40.17% 80 0.77%
1924 4,482 52.40% 699 8.17% 3,372 39.42%
1920 5,852 74.84% 1,558 19.93% 409 5.23%
1916 2,167 53.55% 1,610 39.78% 270 6.67%
1912 581 13.76% 1,289 30.52% 2,353 55.72%
1908 2,727 68.50% 1,120 28.13% 134 3.37%
1904 2,913 79.94% 652 17.89% 79 2.17%
1900 2,984 68.49% 1,279 29.36% 94 2.16%
1896 3,995 70.51% 1,558 27.50% 113 1.99%
1892 2,451 53.31% 1,733 37.69% 414 9.00%



Superfund sites and environmental damage[]

Washington County has had three locations listed as Environmental Protection Agency Superfund sites due to soil and groundwater contamination. The Baytown Township Ground Water Plume and the Oakdale Dump are currently listed, while the Washington County Landfill was cleaned up and removed from the Superfund list in 1996.

Communities[]

Washington County Courthouse

Cities Townships Ghost towns
  • Baytown
  • Denmark
  • Grey Cloud Island
  • May
  • Stillwater
  • West Lakeland
  • Garen
  • Point Douglas

† Hastings is the county seat of Dakota County, but a small part extends into Washington County.
‡ mostly in Ramsey County; a small part extends into Washington County.

Points of interest[]

  • Afton State Park
  • Afton Alps Ski Area
  • Gateway State Trail
  • William O'Brien State Park

Regional (County) Parks[]

  • Big Marine Park Reserve
  • Cottage Grove Ravine Regional Park
  • Lake Elmo Park Reserve
  • Pine Point Park
  • Point Douglas Park
  • St. Croix Bluffs Regional Park
  • Square Lake County Park[13]

Records[]

Washington County records are available for research use. They include school records, Welfare Board records, County Auditor records, Probate Court files, Stillwater Municipal Court files, birth and death records, marriage, naturalization, deed records, and agency histories.

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington County, Minnesota
  • List of Superfund sites in Minnesota

References[]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Government Series, State Counties". Minnesota House of Representatives. http://www.house.leg.state.mn.us/hinfo/govseries/No34.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-18. .
  2. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2.ST05&prodType=table. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Washington County History Facts
  5. ^ History of Stillwater at the Washington County Historical Society
  6. ^ History of Marine-on-St.-Croix at the Washington County Historical Society [1]
  7. ^ Washington County Sheriff's Office History
  8. ^ Washington County Historical Society - Schools of the Past
  9. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=05000US26161&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US26%7C05000US26161&_street=&_county=washington&_cityTown=washington&_state=04000US27&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=050&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  13. ^ Washington County, MN-Parks and Trails

External links[]

Coordinates: 45°02′N 92°53′W / 45.04, -92.89


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Washington County, Minnesota. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Advertisement