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Washington County, Virginia
Seal of Washington County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1776
Seat Abingdon
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

566 sq mi (1,466 km²)
563 sq mi (1,458 km²)
3 sq mi (8 km²), 0.55%
 -  Density


Washington County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of 2010, the population was 54,876. [1] Its county seat is Abingdon[2].

Washington County is part of the KingsportBristol (TN)Bristol (VA) Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Johnson City–Kingsport–Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area – commonly known as the "Tri-Cities" region.


For thousands of years, indigenous peoples of varying cultures lived in the area. At the time of European encounter, the Chiska had a chief village at what is now Saltville.

The county was formed by European Americans in 1776 from Fincastle County. It was named for George Washington, who was then commander-in-chief of the Continental Army. Washington County is among the first geographical regions to be named after the president of the United States.

As with many other frontier counties, the boundaries and territory changed over the years. In 1786 the northwestern part of Washington County became Russell County. In 1814 the western part of what remained of Washington County was combined with parts of Lee and Russell counties to form Scott County. In 1832 the northeastern part of Washington was combined with part of Wythe County to form Smyth County. Finally, with the incorporation of the town of Goodson as the independent city of Bristol in 1890, Washington County assumed its present size.


A farm in Washington County, Virginia

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 566 square miles (1,466 km²), of which 563 square miles (1,458 km²) is land and 3 square miles (8 km²) (0.55%) is water. In 2000 the population density was 90.7 persons per square mile.


The county is divided into seven magisterial districts: Harrison, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Taylor, Tyler, and Wilson.

Adjacent counties[]

National protected areas[]

  • Jefferson National Forest (part)
  • Mount Rogers National Recreation Area (part)


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 5,625
1800 9,536 69.5%
1810 12,156 27.5%
1820 12,444 2.4%
1830 15,614 25.5%
1840 13,001 −16.7%
1850 14,612 12.4%
1860 16,892 15.6%
1870 16,816 −0.4%
1880 25,203 49.9%
1890 29,020 15.1%
1900 28,995 −0.1%
1910 32,830 13.2%
1920 32,376 −1.4%
1930 33,850 4.6%
1940 38,197 12.8%
1950 37,536 −1.7%
1960 38,076 1.4%
1970 40,835 7.2%
1980 46,487 13.8%
1990 45,887 −1.3%
2000 51,103 11.4%
2010 54,876 7.4%

Washington County Courthouse

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 51,103 people, 21,056 households, and 14,949 families residing in the county. The population density was 91 people per square mile (35/km²). There were 22,985 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.56% White, 1.32% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 21,056 households out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.80% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 26.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,742, and the median income for a family was $40,162. Males had a median income of $30,104 versus $21,307 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,350. About 8.10% of families and 10.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.20% of those under age 18 and 14.20% of those age 65 or over.



Farmland in Washington County near Friendship and Wideners Valley.

  • Abingdon
  • Damascus
  • Glade Spring
  • Saltville


  • Emory-Meadowview
  • Mendota



  • Emory and Henry College, Emory
  • Virginia Highlands Community College, Abingdon

Public high schools[]

  • Abingdon High School, Abingdon
  • Holston High School, Damascus
  • John S. Battle High School, Bristol
  • Patrick Henry High School, Glade Spring

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington County, Virginia


  1. ^ [1]. Weldon Cooper Center Population Estimates Retrieved January 26, 2011
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 36°43′N 81°58′W / 36.72, -81.96

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Washington County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.