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Wayne County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Wayne County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1819
Seat Fairfield
Largest city Fairfield
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

716 sq mi (1,853 km²)
714 sq mi (1,849 km²)
2 sq mi (4 km²), 0.23%
 - (2000)
 - Density

24/sq mi (9/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Wayne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of 2000, the population is 17,151. Its county seat is Fairfield6.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,853 km² (716 sq mi). 1,849 km² (714 sq mi) of it is land and 4 km² (2 sq mi) of it (0.23%) is water.

Adjacent Counties[]


Wayne County was formed in 1819 out of Edwards County. It is named after Gen. "Mad Anthony" Wayne, an officer in the Revolutionary War and Northwest Indian War.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 27,626
1910 25,697 −7.0%
1920 22,772 −11.4%
1930 19,130 −16.0%
1940 22,092 15.5%
1950 20,933 −5.2%
1960 19,008 −9.2%
1970 17,004 −10.5%
1980 18,059 6.2%
1990 17,241 −4.5%
2000 17,151 −0.5%
IL Counties 1900-1990

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 17,151 people, 7,143 households, and 4,971 families residing in the county. The population density was 9/km² (24/sq mi). There were 7,950 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (11/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 98.71% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.06% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 0.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,143 households out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 18.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,481, and the median income for a family was $37,729. Males had a median income of $29,148 versus $20,989 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,793. About 9.40% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.70% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[]

Census designated places[]

Coordinates: 38°26′N 88°25′W / 38.43, -88.42

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Wayne County, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.