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Wayne County, North Carolina
Wayne County Courthouse 1948.jpg
Wayne County Courthouse in Goldsboro, 1948
Seal of Wayne County, North Carolina
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Wayne County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1779
Named for Anthony Wayne
Seat Goldsboro
Largest city Goldsboro
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

557 sq mi (1,443 km²)
553 sq mi (1,432 km²)
3.8 sq mi (10 km²), 0.7%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

117,333
222/sq mi (86/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.waynegov.com

Wayne County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 117,333.[1] Its county seat is Goldsboro[2] and it is home to Seymour Johnson Air Force Base.

Wayne County comprises the Goldsboro, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

Prior to 1730, Native Americans were the only known occupants of the territory now known as Wayne County. Settlers trickled into the territory, occupying land along the Neuse River. There was no general migration here until after 1750; as populations built up in the coastal areas, some settlers moved west for land.[3]

Wayne County was established during the American Revolutionary War on November 2, 1779, from the western part of Dobbs County. It was named for "Mad Anthony" Wayne, a general in the war. The act establishing the County provided that the first court should be held at the home of Josiah Sasser, at which time the justices were to decide on a place for all subsequent courts until a courthouse could be erected. By 1782 the commissioners were named. In 1787 an act was passed establishing Waynesborough on the west side of the Neuse River, on the land of Doctor Andrew Bass. The courthouse was built here.[4]

In 1855 parts of Wayne County, Edgecombe County, Johnston County, and Nash County were combined to form Wilson County.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 557 square miles (1,440 km2), of which 553 square miles (1,430 km2) is land and 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) (0.7%) is water.[5]

Wayne County's surface is level to gently rolling uplands with broad bottoms along the rivers and some creeks. Elevations are predominantly 120 to 145 feet above sea level. The largest waterway, the Neuse River, bisects the lower central portion of the county and cuts a deep channel 20 to 40 feet deep as it flows in an eastward direction. Unusual river bluffs occur in the vicinity of Seven Springs. In addition to the Neuse River, the county is drained by the Little River, the Northeast Cape Fear River and numerous creeks.

Wayne County is underlain by unconsolidated beds of sand, clay and gravel. For the most part, these beds were deposited in seawater as the sea advanced and retreated during the geologic development of the Atlantic Coastal Plain. To a much lesser extent, streams deposited layers of sediment which mixed with that deposited on the sea floor.

The climate in Wayne County is characterized by warm summers and moderate winters. The average temperature is about 62 degrees. Annual precipitation is about 50 inches of rainfall per year, with the major portion occurring in the late spring and summer.[4]

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 6,115
1800 6,772 10.7%
1810 8,687 28.3%
1820 9,040 4.1%
1830 10,331 14.3%
1840 10,891 5.4%
1850 13,486 23.8%
1860 14,905 10.5%
1870 18,144 21.7%
1880 24,951 37.5%
1890 26,100 4.6%
1900 31,356 20.1%
1910 35,698 13.8%
1920 43,640 22.2%
1930 53,013 21.5%
1940 58,328 10.0%
1950 64,267 10.2%
1960 82,059 27.7%
1970 85,408 4.1%
1980 97,054 13.6%
1990 104,666 7.8%
2000 113,329 8.3%
2010 122,623 8.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2020[1]

2020 census[]

Wayne County racial composition[10]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 60,199 51.31%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 35,329 30.11%
Native American 335 0.29%
Asian 1,542 1.31%
Pacific Islander 71 0.06%
Other/Mixed 4,930 4.2%
Hispanic or Latino 14,927 12.72%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 117,333 people, 48,482 households, and 30,990 families residing in the county.

2000 census[]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 113,329 people, 42,612 households, and 30,254 families residing in the county. The population density was 205 people per square mile (79/km2). There were 47,313 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile (33/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 61.28% White, 33.02% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.07% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. 4.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 42,612 households, out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.60% were married couples living together, 15.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.20% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 30.50% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,942, and the median income for a family was $40,492. Males had a median income of $28,396 versus $21,854 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,010. About 10.20% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.60% of those under age 18 and 15.20% of those age 65 or over.


Communities[]

Map of Wayne County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

City[]

Towns[]

  • Eureka
  • Fremont
  • Mount Olive
  • Seven Springs
  • Pikeville

Villages[]

  • Walnut Creek

Census-designated places[]

  • Brogden
  • Dudley
  • Elroy
  • Mar-Mac
  • New Hope

Other unincorporated communities[]

  • Faro
  • Grantham
  • Hopewell
  • Nahunta
  • Rosewood

Townships[]

  • Brogden
  • Buck Swamp
  • Fork
  • Fremont
  • Goldsboro
  • Grantham
  • Hood Swamp
  • Indian Springs
  • Nahunta
  • New Hope
  • Pikeville
  • Saulston
  • Stoney Creek

Economy[]

Wayne County's local industries are involved in a range of operations from simple assembly to complex manufacturing processes resulting in products ranging from bread and poultry feed to automobile parts and electric transformers. Substantial technological improvements in recent years involving modernization of plant facilities and the addition of sophisticated manufacturing equipment have resulted in enhanced profitability and productivity for many of the local manufacturing firms.

The combination of a mild climate, a freeze-free growing season of about 225 days and a wide range of soil types contribute to a highly productive agricultural area. Total gross farm sales in Wayne County in 2006 was approximately US$329,082,138. Field crops, including the primary crops of tobacco, corn, cotton, soybeans, and wheat accounted for nearly 12% of the farm income or US$38,583,389.

Income from livestock and poultry production was US$236,287,547 in 2006 and derived primarily from swine operations. Swine production has increased rapidly, making it the single largest source of farm income. In 2006 farm income from swine production was US$75,409,690 or 23% of all farm income. Wayne County ranks 7th in the nation for production of swine.[12]

Seymour Johnson Air Force Base is home to the 4th Fighter Wing and 916th Air Refueling Wing. The annual civilian and military payroll is over $282 millionUSD. In fiscal year 2006 the economic impact at the base totaled over $460 millionUSD.[4]

Politics, law and government[]

Wayne was historically a typical "Solid South" county for the first two thirds of the twentieth century, as conservative white Democrats had passed a new constitution at the turn of the 20th century that disenfranchised most blacks. North Carolina became a virtually one-party state, with whites generally voting for Democratic Party Candidates.

Following Congressional passage of major civil rights legislation in the mid-1960s, this county's white voters, like most across the South, gradually started to support Republican national candidates and ultimately changed parties, joining the Republicans. But in 1968, they voted for segregationist "American Independent" George Wallace. Since 1972, the white majority of Wayne County has carried it for Republican presidential candidates in every election. Since 2008, when President Barack Obama was elected, the Democratic Party has become more competitive.Template:Original research inline

United States presidential election results for Wayne County, North Carolina[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 30,709 55.29% 24,215 43.60% 613 1.10%
2016 27,540 54.33% 21,770 42.95% 1,379 2.72%
2012 27,641 53.83% 23,314 45.40% 397 0.77%
2008 26,952 54.03% 22,671 45.45% 259 0.52%
2004 24,883 62.14% 15,076 37.65% 87 0.22%
2000 20,758 61.26% 13,005 38.38% 121 0.36%
1996 16,588 56.44% 11,580 39.40% 1,222 4.16%
1992 14,397 52.29% 10,307 37.44% 2,828 10.27%
1988 15,292 62.48% 9,135 37.33% 47 0.19%
1984 17,961 64.13% 10,011 35.74% 36 0.13%
1980 12,860 56.31% 9,586 41.98% 390 1.71%
1976 9,607 50.58% 9,265 48.78% 121 0.64%
1972 14,352 72.33% 5,234 26.38% 256 1.29%
1968 5,678 28.79% 5,338 27.06% 8,709 44.15%
1964 7,555 43.55% 9,791 56.45% 0 0.00%
1960 5,474 41.07% 7,856 58.93% 0 0.00%
1956 4,220 38.45% 6,756 61.55% 0 0.00%
1952 4,662 39.04% 7,281 60.96% 0 0.00%
1948 1,658 19.86% 6,111 73.20% 579 6.94%
1944 1,914 23.51% 6,228 76.49% 0 0.00%
1940 1,649 18.59% 7,222 81.41% 0 0.00%
1936 1,751 19.81% 7,087 80.19% 0 0.00%
1932 1,631 20.25% 6,365 79.01% 60 0.74%
1928 4,340 53.85% 3,720 46.15% 0 0.00%
1924 1,379 28.81% 3,366 70.32% 42 0.88%
1920 2,822 37.05% 4,794 62.95% 0 0.00%
1916 1,446 35.48% 2,625 64.40% 5 0.12%
1912 95 2.71% 2,293 65.46% 1,115 31.83%
1908 1,504 40.41% 2,207 59.30% 11 0.30%
1904 1,162 35.69% 2,060 63.27% 34 1.04%
1900 1,965 38.48% 3,104 60.79% 37 0.72%
1896 2,248 40.95% 3,215 58.56% 27 0.49%
1892 1,645 34.31% 2,261 47.15% 889 18.54%
1888 2,629 48.51% 2,748 50.71% 42 0.78%
1884 2,542 48.09% 2,744 51.91% 0 0.00%
1880 2,257 48.19% 2,427 51.81% 0 0.00%



Wayne County is governed by a commissioner-manager system, consisting of seven members elected to four-year terms. One commissioner is elected from each of six single-member districts in the county and one is elected at-large countywide. All seven members serve concurrent four-year terms. The partisan elections for the Board of Commissioners are held in November in even-numbered years. The Board elects a Chairman and Vice-Chairman from among its members annually at the first meeting in December.[4] The Board meets on the first and third Tuesday each month.

These are the elected officials representing Wayne County following the 2020 elections.

Position Name Party First elected
State Senate District 7 Jim Perry Republican 2020
State Rep District 10 John Bell Republican 2012
State Rep District 21 Raymond Smith Democratic 2018
District Attorney Matthew Delbridge Republican 2014
Sheriff Larry Pierce Republican 2014
Register of Deeds Constance Bryant Coram Democratic 2020

Wayne County is a member of the regional Eastern Carolina Council of Governments.

Education[]

Wayne County is home to three colleges: Wayne Community College, University of Mount Olive (formerly known as Mount Olive College), and the Goldsboro campus of the North Carolina Wesleyan College.

Public schools are administered by the Wayne County Public Schools system. The public schools include nine high schools and college preparation schools, nine middle schools, fourteen elementary schools and one special education school. The county is also home to one charter public school and six private schools.

High schools[]

Middle schools[]

  • Brogden Middle School
  • Dillard Middle School
  • Eastern Wayne Middle School
  • Grantham Middle School
  • Greenwood Middle School
  • Mount Olive Middle School
  • Norwayne Middle School
  • Rosewood Middle School
  • Spring Creek Middle School

Elementary schools[]

  • Brogden Primary School
  • Carver Elementary School
  • Carver Heights Elementary School
  • Eastern Wayne Elementary School
  • Fremont Stars Elementary School
  • Grantham Elementary School
  • Meadow Lane Elementary School
  • North Drive Elementary School
  • Northeast Elementary School
  • Northwest Elementary School
  • Rosewood Elementary School
  • School Street Early Learning Center
  • Spring Creek Elementary School
  • Tommy's Road Elementary School

Special Education Schools[]

  • Edgewood Community Developmental School

Private schools[]

  • Faith Christian Academy
  • Pathway Christian Academy
  • Wayne Christian School
  • Wayne Country Day School
  • St. Mary Catholic School
  • Wayne Preparatory Academy

Hospitals[]

  • Wayne UNC Health Care, a medical facility located in Goldsboro, is the county's second-largest employer.
  • Cherry Hospital is a psychiatric hospital located in Goldsboro; it was founded in 1880 as a facility to treat mentally ill African Americans when all public facilities were segregated. A museum depicting its history is part of the hospital campus.
  • O'Berry Neuro-Medical Center is a North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services hospital providing rehabilitative services to the mentally retarded and people with developmental disabilities.

Transportation[]

Passenger[]

  • Air: Wayne County is served through nearby Kinston Regional Jetport (IATA: ISOICAO: KISO) with service to Orlando, Florida. Raleigh-Durham International Airport is the closest major airport with service to more than 45 domestic and international destinations. Wayne Executive Jetport is an airport located in Wayne County, but is only used for general aviation.
  • Interstate Highway: Interstate 795 (I-795) links Goldsboro to Interstate 95 near Wilson, NC in Wilson County.
  • Wayne County is not served directly by passenger trains. The closest Amtrak station is located in Selma, NC.
  • Bus: The county is served by Greyhound with a location in Goldsboro.

Roads[]

  • The main highway in Wayne County is US 70, which offers access to the North Carolina coast, the capital city of Raleigh and I-95. The only interstate in Wayne County is I-795, which is a direct connector with I-95 and US 264. US 70 has been designated as Future Interstate 42.[14][15]
  • Other highways that run through the county include US 13, US 117, and NC 111, NC 222, and NC 581.

Major highways[]

  • I-795
  • US 13
  • US 70
  • US 117
  • NC 50
  • NC 55
  • NC 111
  • NC 222
  • NC 403
  • NC 581

Media[]

Notable residents[]

  • Ike Atkinson, drug trafficker
  • Charles Brantley Aycock, politician
  • Bob Boyd, golfer
  • Moira Crone, author
  • Ava Gardner, actress
  • Anne Jeffreys, actress
  • Carl Kasell, radio personality
  • Martin Lancaster, former President of the North Carolina Community College System
  • Manny Lawson, NFL linebacker
  • Jerry Narron, MLB player, coach, and manager
  • Tony Schiffman, jeweler
  • John R. Smith, politician
  • Michale Spicer, NFL defensive end
  • Greg Warren, NFL long snapper
  • James B. Whitfield, lawyer
  • Cadmus M. Wilcox, Confederate general

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/37/37191.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ Wayne County Heritage Book Committee (1982). "The Heritage of Wayne County, North Carolina". pp. 137, 232, 530. https://archive.org/details/WayneCountyHeritageFamilyHistories. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Wayne County Facts". Archived from the original on July 24, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080724230942/http://www.waynegov.com/about/facts.asp. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_37.txt. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/nc190090.txt. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US37191&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  12. ^ "Wayne County, North Carolina NC, county profile - hotels, festivals, genealogy, newspapers - ePodunk". http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=19745. 
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  14. ^ "North Carolina Gains Names for Two New Interstate Designations" (Press release). Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Department of Transportation. May 25, 2016. https://apps.ncdot.gov/NewsReleases/details.aspx?r=12558. Retrieved May 25, 2016. 
  15. ^ Template:AASHTO minutes

External links[]


Coordinates: 35°22′N 78°00′W / 35.36, -78.00


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Wayne County, North Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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