Familypedia
Advertisement
This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.


White County, Arkansas
WhiteCoARCourthouse.JPG
White County Courthouse and Confederate monument in Searcy
Flag of White County, Arkansas
Flag
Seal of White County, Arkansas
Seal
Map of Arkansas highlighting White County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded October 23, 1835
Named for Hugh Lawson White
Seat Searcy
Largest city Searcy
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,042 sq mi (2,699 km²)
1,035 sq mi (2,681 km²)
7.1 sq mi (18 km²), 0.7%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

76,822
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website http://www.whitecountyar.org/

White County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2020 census, the population was 76,822.[1] The county seat is Searcy.[2] White County is Arkansas's 31st county, formed on October 23, 1835, from portions of Independence, Jackson, and Pulaski counties and named for Hugh Lawson White, a Whig candidate for President of the United States. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county, though a few private establishments (such as the Searcy Country Club, and Veterans of Foreign Wars posts in Searcy and Beebe) can serve alcohol.

White County comprises the Searcy, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Combined Statistical Area.

The 45th and current White County Judge is Michael Lincoln of Searcy, who assumed office in January 2007.

History[]

On May 17, 1862, White County was the site of the Little Red Skirmish between Union Major General Samuel J Curtis and a force of about 100 loosely-organized rebels, followed by the action at Whitney Lane in June.[3] also known as The Skirmish at Searcy Landing.[4]

In 1958, Odell Pollard, a retired attorney from Searcy, exposed corrupt election practices at Bald Knob, a small city in White County. Election workers cast "absentee ballots" for some 30 pipeline construction workers and their spouses. However, the workers were outside of Arkansas at the time of the election, which had a prohibition measure on the ballot. The voters never cast absentee votes, according to their affidavits presented by Pollard to the White County prosecutor. No action was taken until after the statute of limitations had expired, when the charges were moot. Pollard said the fraud case made him to switch his partisan affiliation from Democrat to Republican. From 1966 to 1970, Pollard was the state party chairman, and from 1973 to 1976, he was the Arkansas Republican National Committeeman.[5]

In 1988, White County elected virtually an entire slate of Republicans to county offices. Though such Republican sweeps had frequently occurred in northern and northwestern Arkansas, White County was the first in the Little Rock area to turn to Republican as the party steadily made inroads toward a two-party system.[6]

A portion of White County is represented in the Arkansas State Senate by the Republican Ronald R. Caldwell, a real estate businessman from Wynne in Cross County.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,042 square miles (2,700 km2), of which 1,035 square miles (2,680 km2) is land and 7.1 square miles (18 km2) (0.7%) is water.[7] It is the second-largest county by area in Arkansas.

Major highways[]

  • I-57 (Future).svg Future Interstate 57
  • US 64.svg U.S. Highway 64
  • US 67.svg U.S. Highway 67
  • US 167.svg U.S. Highway 167
  • Arkansas 5.svg Highway 5
  • Arkansas 11.svg Highway 11
  • Arkansas 13.svg Highway 13
  • Arkansas 16.svg Highway 16
  • Arkansas 31.svg Highway 31
  • Arkansas 36.svg Highway 36
  • Arkansas 87.svg Highway 87
  • Arkansas 110.svg Highway 110
  • Arkansas 124.svg Highway 124
  • Arkansas 157.svg Highway 157
  • Arkansas 258.svg Highway 258
  • Arkansas 267.svg Highway 267
  • Arkansas 305.svg Highway 305
  • Arkansas 310.svg Highway 310
  • Arkansas 320.svg Highway 320
  • Arkansas 321.svg Highway 321
  • Arkansas 323.svg Highway 323
  • Arkansas 367.svg Highway 367
  • Arkansas 385.svg Highway 385

Adjacent counties[]

National and state protected areas[]

  • Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge
  • Henry Gray / Hurricane Lake Wildlife Management Area[8]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 929
1850 2,619 181.9%
1860 8,316 217.5%
1870 10,347 24.4%
1880 17,794 72.0%
1890 22,946 29.0%
1900 24,864 8.4%
1910 28,574 14.9%
1920 34,603 21.1%
1930 38,269 10.6%
1940 37,176 −2.9%
1950 38,040 2.3%
1960 32,745 −13.9%
1970 39,253 19.9%
1980 50,835 29.5%
1990 54,676 7.6%
2000 67,165 22.8%
2010 77,076 14.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2020[1]

Age pyramid White County[13]

2020 census[]

White County racial composition[14]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 64,363 83.78%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,677 4.79%
Native American 319 0.42%
Asian 616 0.8%
Pacific Islander 25 0.03%
Other/Mixed 4,323 5.63%
Hispanic or Latino 3,499 4.55%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 76,822 people, 28,621 households, and 18,028 families residing in the county.

2000 census[]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[15] there were 67,165 people, 25,148 households, and 18,408 families residing in the county. The population density was 65 people per square mile (25/km2). There were 27,613 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.52% White, 3.56% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. 1.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 25,148 households, out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.90% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. 23.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.40% under the age of 18, 12.80% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,203, and the median income for a family was $38,782. Males had a median income of $29,884 versus $20,323 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,890. About 10.40% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.10% of those under age 18 and 14.30% of those age 65 or over.


Government[]

Over the past few election cycles White County has trended heavily towards the GOP. The last Democrat (as of 2020) to carry this county was Bill Clinton in 1996.

United States presidential election results for White County, Arkansas[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 24,182 78.30% 5,978 19.36% 725 2.35%
2016 21,077 75.28% 5,170 18.46% 1,752 6.26%
2012 20,011 75.47% 5,765 21.74% 738 2.78%
2008 19,467 72.22% 6,732 24.97% 756 2.80%
2004 17,001 64.34% 9,129 34.55% 295 1.12%
2000 13,170 59.46% 8,342 37.66% 638 2.88%
1996 8,659 41.25% 10,204 48.61% 2,128 10.14%
1992 8,538 39.60% 10,494 48.67% 2,531 11.74%
1988 11,094 60.84% 6,957 38.15% 183 1.00%
1984 12,566 64.66% 6,603 33.97% 266 1.37%
1980 8,079 46.66% 8,750 50.54% 484 2.80%
1976 4,756 29.42% 11,412 70.58% 0 0.00%
1972 8,701 67.24% 4,161 32.15% 79 0.61%
1968 3,887 32.02% 3,198 26.34% 5,054 41.63%
1964 5,023 42.99% 6,566 56.20% 95 0.81%
1960 3,985 40.52% 5,244 53.33% 605 6.15%
1956 3,813 43.58% 4,895 55.94% 42 0.48%
1952 2,884 40.79% 4,179 59.11% 7 0.10%
1948 833 18.01% 3,193 69.04% 599 12.95%
1944 1,346 34.71% 2,532 65.29% 0 0.00%
1940 876 20.64% 3,345 78.80% 24 0.57%
1936 535 17.57% 2,503 82.20% 7 0.23%
1932 430 11.61% 3,251 87.75% 24 0.65%
1928 1,957 45.73% 2,299 53.73% 23 0.54%
1924 679 27.69% 1,488 60.69% 285 11.62%
1920 1,359 37.82% 2,086 58.06% 148 4.12%
1916 673 19.25% 2,823 80.75% 0 0.00%
1912 380 15.10% 1,448 57.53% 689 27.37%
1908 887 29.20% 1,788 58.85% 363 11.95%
1904 676 31.40% 1,238 57.50% 239 11.10%
1900 811 30.26% 1,694 63.21% 175 6.53%
1896 559 16.16% 2,876 83.12% 25 0.72%
1892 979 28.46% 1,863 54.16% 598 17.38%



Economy[]

One of the state's largest banks, First Security Bank, was established in Searcy in 1932 as Security Bank. First Security now has over $4 billion in assets and 70 locations in Arkansas.

Regional ice cream producer and distributor Yarnell Ice Cream Co. has its headquarters in the Searcy's downtown area.

Latina Imports and Latina Nursery are also located in Searcy and is one of the largest female, Hispanic-owned companies in Arkansas.

The first Wal-Mart distribution center away from the corporate headquarters in Bentonville was established in Searcy.

Education[]

Public education[]

Public education is provided by several public school districts including:

  • Searcy School District, with six schools serving more than 4,000 students; includes Searcy High School, Searcy
  • Beebe School District, with seven schools serving more than 3,200 students; includes Beebe High School, Beebe, and Beebe Middle School, McRae
  • Riverview School District, with four schools serving more than 1,300 students; includes Riverview High School, Searcy, with elementary campuses in Judsonia and Kensett
  • Bald Knob School District, with three schools serving more than 1,300 students; includes Bald Knob High School, Bald Knob
  • Rose Bud School District, with two schools serving more than 800 students; including Rose Bud High School, Rose Bud
  • White County Central School District, with two schools serving more than 700 students; includes White County Central High School, Judsonia
  • Pangburn School District, with two schools serving more than 700 students; includes Pangburn High School, Pangburn
  • Bradford School District, with two schools serving more than 500 students; includes Bradford High School, Bradford

Private education[]

  • CrossPointe Preparatory, Searcy, Churches of Christ
  • Harding Academy, Searcy, Churches of Christ
  • Liberty Christian School, Searcy, Christian
  • Lighthouse Christian Academy, Beebe, Pentecostal
  • Sunshine School, Searcy
  • Trinity Christian School, Bradford, Baptist

Colleges and universities[]

  • Arkansas State University-Beebe Public, established in 1927 as The Junior Agricultural School of Central Arkansas.
  • Arkansas State University-Searcy A technical branch of Arkansas State University
  • Harding University Private, Churches of Christ enrollment over 6000.

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Bald Knob
  • Beebe
  • Bradford
  • Judsonia
  • Kensett
  • McRae
  • Pangburn
  • Searcy (county seat)

Towns[]

  • Garner
  • Georgetown
  • Griffithville
  • Higginson
  • Letona
  • Rose Bud
  • Russell
  • West Point

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Albion — north-central White County, between Four Mile Hill or "Boothill" and Pangburn, and north of Letona, along Arkansas Highway 16 and surrounding county roads
  • Antioch — western White County, north of Beebe, along Arkansas Highways 31 and 267 and surrounding county roads
  • Andrews
  • Bare Stone
  • Barrentine Corner
  • Bee Rock
  • Belcher
  • Center Hill — central White County, approximately 8 miles west of Searcy, situated along Arkansas Highway 36 and 305 and surrounding county roads
  • Clay
  • Conant
  • Crosby
  • Dewey
  • Dogwood
  • Doniphan
  • El Paso — southwestern White County, situated along Arkansas Highway 5 and U.S. Highway 64 West
  • Enright
  • Essex
  • Floyd — western White County, approximately 8 miles southeast of Romance, along Arkansas Highways 31 and 305 and surrounding county roads
  • Four Mile Hill or "Boot Hill" — central White County, northwest of Searcy and southeast of Albion, along Arkansas Highway 16 and surrounding county roads
  • Georgia Ridge – home community of Arkansas State Representative Charlotte Douglas of District 75 in Crawford County
  • Gravel Hill — western White County, northwest of Floyd and south of Joy, situated between Arkansas Highways 31 and 36 along Gravel Hill Road and surrounding county roads
  • Hammondsville – western White County, between Romance and El Paso, primarily situated along Hammons Chapel Road (connecting Highway 5 and El Paso Road)
  • Happy
  • Harmony — central White County, southwest of Center Hill, situated along Arkansas Highway 305 and surrounding county roads
  • Hart
  • Hickory Flat
  • Holly Springs
  • Joy — central White County, between Rose Bud and Center Hill, situated along Arkansas Highway 36 and surrounding county roads
  • Keeler Corner
  • Liberty Valley — eastern White County, between Bald Knob and the White River, along U.S. Highway 64 East and surrounding county roads
  • Little Red
  • Midway
  • Mitchell Corner
  • Morning Sun — annexed to Higginson in 2008
  • Nimmo
  • Opal — southwestern White County, between El Paso and Beebe, along U.S. Highway 64 West and Opal Road and surrounding county roads
  • Pickens — north-central White County, between Sidon and Letona, along Arkansas Highway 310 (Pickens Chapel Road) and Pickens Road and surrounding county roads
  • Plainview — northeastern White County, north of Judsonia, along Arkansas Highways 157 and 385 and surrounding county roads
  • Pryor
  • Providence — northeastern White County, north of Judsonia and northwest of Bald Knob, along Arkansas Highways 157 and 258 and surrounding county roads; site of White County Central Schools
  • Rio Vista
  • Romance — western White County, between Rose Bud and El Paso, along Arkansas Highways 5 and 31 and surrounding county roads
  • Showalter's Corner
  • Sidon — north-central White County, west of Pickens and north of Joy, along Arkansas Highway 310 and surrounding county roads
  • Smyrna
  • Steprock
  • Sunnydale
  • Twentythree
  • Velvet Ridge — northeastern White County, north of Bald Knob, along U.S. Highway 167 and surrounding county roads
  • Vinity Corner — south-central White County, south of Garner and southeast of McRae, along West Vinity Road, North Vinity Road, and other county roads southeast of Arkansas Highway 367
  • Walker — southeastern White County, south of Higginson and west of Griffithville, along Arkansas Highway 11 (Walker Road) and surrounding county roads
  • Worden
  • Wright's Corner

Historic towns[]

  • Beeler Ferry
  • Bethel Grove
  • Denmark
  • Jasmine
  • Mount Pisgah
  • Old Stoney Point
  • Roosevelt
  • Russell
  • Union Hill

Townships[]

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of White County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses.


[17][18]

  • Albion
  • Antioch
  • Bald Knob (Bald Knob)
  • Big Creek (Pangburn)
  • Cadron
  • Cane
  • Chrisp
  • Clay
  • Cleveland
  • Coffey
  • Coldwell
  • Crosby
  • Cypert
  • Denmark
  • Des Arc
  • Dogwood (Griffithville)
  • El Paso
  • Francure (Georgetown)
  • Garner (Garner)
  • Gravel Hill
  • Gray (most of Searcy, part of Kensett)
  • Gum Springs (part of Searcy)
  • Guthrie
  • Harrison (most of Judsonia, part of Searcy)
  • Hartsell Township
  • Higginson Township (Higginson, part of Searcy)
  • Jackson
  • Jefferson
  • Joy
  • Kensett (most of Kensett, small part of Searcy)
  • Kentucky (Rose Bud)
  • Liberty (Bradford)
  • McRae (McRae)
  • Marion (Letona)
  • Marshall
  • Mount Pisgah
  • Red River (West Point, part of Judsonia)
  • Royal
  • Russell (Russell)
  • Union (Beebe)
  • Velvet Ridge
  • Walker

Source:[19]

See also[]

  • Crow Lake (Arkansas)
  • List of lakes in White County, Arkansas
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in White County, Arkansas

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/05/05145.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "Skirmish at Little Red River (May 17, 1862)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. 2011-09-13. http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=6647. 
  4. ^ "Action at Whitney's Lane". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=2794. 
  5. ^ Statement of Odell Pollard, Searcy attorney, December 30, 2009
  6. ^ Osro Cobb, Osro Cobb of Arkansas: Memoirs of Historical Significance, Carol Griffee, ed. (Little Rock, Arkansas: Rose Publishing Company, 1989), p. 114
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_05.txt. 
  8. ^ "Wildlife Management Areas". AGFC. http://www.agfc.com/data-facts-maps/maps/wildlife-mgt-areas/henry-gray-hurricane-lake.aspx. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ar190090.txt. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  13. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US05145&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  16. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/. 
  17. ^ U. S. Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): White County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05145_white/BAS11C20514500000_000.pdf. 
  18. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps – County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/maps/block/2010/cousub/dc10blk_st05_cousub.html#W. 
  19. ^ "Summary Population and Housing Characteristics, CPH-1-5, Arkansas". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. United States Census Bureau. September 2012. https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/cph-1-5.pdf. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 35°15′21″N 91°44′05″W / 35.25583, -91.73472


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at White County, Arkansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Advertisement