|Population:||3,004 (2006 Census)|
|Location:||62 km (39 mi) from Sydney CBD|
|LGA:||City of Hawkesbury|
Wilberforce is a small town in New South Wales, Australia, in the local government area of the City of Hawkesbury. It is just beyond the outer suburbs of north-west Sydney and lies on the western bank of the Hawkesbury River.
Wilberforce is one of the original settlements established as a township by Lachlan Macquarie, colonial governor of New South Wales 1810-21, and accordingly is locally known as a "Macquarie Town", a title given to townships established by Governor Macquarie on 6th December 1810 in and around the Sydney metropolitan area. It was named after William Wilberforce (1759–1833) who was a British politician, philanthropist and a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade.
Wilberforce currently boasts Rose Cottage; the oldest timber slab cottage in Australia standing on its original site.
The historic St John's Anglican Church was designed by Edmund Thomas Blacket and built by J. Atkinson of Windsor. Construction was started in 1856 and the building was not completed until 1859 at a cost of £1500. The grounds of the church and contains the Old School House building (Built 1819), which was used as a school, a church, and a residence of the school master until the church was completed. The school house was replaced in 1880 by a Public School. The original church building is still used for the church's 8am service with the modern education centre used for later services.
Wilberforce is the birthplace of bushranger Captain Thunderbolt.
- ^ http://www.sl.nsw.gov.au/discover_collections/history_nation/macquarie/governor/towns.html
- ^ http://www.hawkesburyhistory.org.au/articles/macquarie_town.html
- ^ http://www.rosefamilysociety.org.au/cottage.asp
- ^ http://www.wilberforce.anglican.asn.au/html/st_johns.html
- ^ Baker, Helen. Historic Buildings. Windsor and Richmond (1st ed.). The State Planning Authority of New South Wales.
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