Familypedia
Advertisement
This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.


Williamson County, Tennessee
Williamson county tennessee courthouse 2009.jpg
Williamson County Courthouse
Seal of Williamson County, Tennessee
Seal
Map of Tennessee highlighting Williamson County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the U.S. highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1799
Seat Franklin
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

584 sq mi (1,513 km²)
583 sq mi (1,510 km²)
1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.16%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

247,726
313.7/sq mi (121/km²)
Website www.williamsoncounty-tn.gov

Williamson County is a county in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of 2020 US Census, the population was 247,726. The County's seat is Franklin[1], and it is part of the Nashville-DavidsonMurfreesboroFranklin Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county is named after Hugh Williamson, a North Carolina politician who signed the U.S. Constitution.

Geography[]

According to the census bureau, the county has a total area of 584 square miles (1,513 km2), of which 583 square miles (1,510 km2) is land and 1 square mile (2.6 km2) is water.

Adjacent Counties[]

National Protected Area[]

  • Natchez Trace Parkway

History[]

Pre Civil War[]

Williamson County was originally inhabited by at least five prehistoric cultures, including tribes of Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, and Shawnees. White settlers had settled here by 1798, and on October 26, 1799, the Tennessee General Assembly created Franklin and Williamson County. In 1800 Abram Maury laid out Franklin, the county seat, which was carved out of part of a land grant he purchased from Major Anthony Sharp.[2] "The county was named in honor of Dr. Hugh Williamson of North Carolina who was a colonel in the North Carolina militia and served three terms in the Continental Congress."[3]

Many of the early inhabitants of the county were recipients of Revolutionary War land grants. Those veterans who chose not to settle here often sold large sections of their land grants to speculators, who in turn subdivided the land and sold off smaller lots. Prior to the Civil War, the county was the second wealthiest in the state; its resources of timber and rich soil (farmed for a diversity of crops including rye, corn, oats, tobacco, potatoes, wheat, peas, barley, and hay) provided a stable economy, as opposed to reliance on one cash crop.[3]

Civil War[]

Williamson County was severely affected by the war. During the Civil War, Williamson County saw three battles: the Battle of Brentwood,[4] the Battle of Thompson's Station,[5] and one of the bloodiest battles in the war, the Battle of Franklin.[6] The large plantations that were part of the economic foundation of the county were ravaged, and many of the county's youth were killed during the war.[3] Many Confederate casualties of the battle of Franklin lie in the McGavock Confederate Cemetery near the Carnton plantation house. This cemetery, containing the bodies of 1,481 soldiers, is the largest private Confederate cemetery in America.[7]

Post Civil War[]

The agricultural and rural nature of the county remained much the same for the first part of the 1900s. "Most residents were farmers who raised corn, wheat, cotton and livestock."[3] One of the first manufacturers to come here was the Dortch Stove works in Franklin, which later became the Magic Chef factory, producing electric and gas ranges. After falling into disuse, this factory complex was restored in the late 1990s and is a "model historic preservation adaptive reuse project."[8]

Since the completion of the Interstate system and the growth of Nashville, Williamson County has seen tremendous growth. Between 1990 and 2000, the county's population grew at an of increase of 56.3 percent.[9]

Places listed on the National Register of Historic Places include Historic Downtown Franklin and the Factory at Franklin, as well as the Carter House and the Carnton Plantation.

Demographics[]

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 183,182 people. In 2000 there were 44,725 households, and 35,780 families residing in the county. The population density was 217 per square mile (84 /km2). There were 47,005 housing units at an average density of 81 per square mile (31 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.55% White, 5.18% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.97% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. 2.52% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

The largest ancestry groups in Williamson County are English American (19.5%), German American (16.6%), Irish American (15.2%), African American (5%), Scottish American (4%) and Scots-Irish American(4%).[11]

There were 44,725 households in 2000 out of which 43.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.80% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.00% were non-families. 16.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.18.

Age pyramid Williamson County[12]

The age distribution was 29.50% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 31.60% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 7.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.

In 2008, the median income for a household in the county was $88,316, and the median income for a family was $101,444.[13] Also in 2008, the per capita income for the county was $42,786. About 3.50% of families and 4.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.40% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over.

Williamson County is ranked among the wealthiest counties in the country. In 2006 it was the 11th wealthiest county in the country according to the U.S. Census Bureau, but the Council for Community and Economic Research ranked Williamson County as America's wealthiest county (1st) when the local cost of living was factored into the equation with median household income.[14] In 2010, Williamson County is listed 17th on the Forbes list of the 25 wealthiest counties in America. [15]

By 2006 Williamson County had a population of 160,781 representing 27.0% population growth since 2000. The census bureau lists Williamson as one of the 100 fastest growing counties in the United States for the period 2000-2005.[16]

In the 2004 presidential election, Williamson County voted 72 percent in favor of George W. Bush, 27 percent in favor of Senator John Kerry, and 1 percent in favor of Ralph Nader. In 2008, John McCain took the county with 69% to Barack Obama's 30%.[17]

Government and politics[]

Since 1980, Republicans have won Williamson County with large majorities in presidential elections. In 2020, Joe Biden obtained the highest percentage of the Democratic vote since 1980.

United States presidential election results for Williamson County, Tennessee[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 86,469 62.20% 50,161 36.08% 2,386 1.72%
2016 68,212 64.19% 31,013 29.18% 7,046 6.63%
2012 69,850 72.59% 25,142 26.13% 1,233 1.28%
2008 64,858 69.12% 27,886 29.72% 1,092 1.16%
2004 57,451 72.13% 21,732 27.28% 467 0.59%
2000 38,901 66.58% 18,745 32.08% 783 1.34%
1996 27,699 61.04% 15,231 33.57% 2,446 5.39%
1992 22,015 54.77% 13,053 32.47% 5,127 12.76%
1988 20,847 72.33% 7,864 27.28% 112 0.39%
1984 17,975 71.91% 6,929 27.72% 93 0.37%
1980 11,597 54.98% 8,815 41.79% 683 3.24%
1976 7,880 48.44% 8,183 50.31% 203 1.25%
1972 7,556 71.53% 2,616 24.76% 392 3.71%
1968 2,788 28.69% 2,063 21.23% 4,867 50.08%
1964 2,707 34.79% 5,075 65.21% 0 0.00%
1960 2,699 37.34% 4,471 61.86% 58 0.80%
1956 1,979 31.86% 4,174 67.20% 58 0.93%
1952 2,326 36.17% 4,085 63.53% 19 0.30%
1948 556 14.40% 2,294 59.41% 1,011 26.18%
1944 602 18.42% 2,656 81.27% 10 0.31%
1940 505 13.48% 3,215 85.82% 26 0.69%
1936 286 9.35% 2,769 90.52% 4 0.13%
1932 261 8.45% 2,777 89.96% 49 1.59%
1928 693 30.29% 1,595 69.71% 0 0.00%
1924 242 12.63% 1,626 84.86% 48 2.51%
1920 946 32.07% 2,004 67.93% 0 0.00%
1916 600 22.68% 2,036 76.95% 10 0.38%
1912 797 25.94% 2,205 71.75% 71 2.31%
1908 605 23.62% 1,928 75.28% 28 1.09%
1904 475 18.79% 1,932 76.42% 121 4.79%
1900 704 24.05% 2,136 72.98% 87 2.97%
1896 1,281 28.81% 3,097 69.66% 68 1.53%
1892 575 18.72% 1,992 64.86% 504 16.41%
1888 1,491 37.21% 2,358 58.85% 158 3.94%
1884 1,461 41.60% 2,025 57.66% 26 0.74%
1880 1,541 36.06% 2,733 63.94% 0 0.00%



Before 1964, Williamson County was a classic "Solid South" county. However, as seen in the table on county voting in presidential elections, from 1964 to 1972 the majority of voters shifted from the Democratic Party, which had long dominated county and state politics, to the Republican Party. Since the 1970s, Williamson County has been one of the most Republican suburban counties in the country. Jimmy Carter is the last Democrat to garner even 40 percent of the county's vote. As a measure of the county's Republican bent, it rejected Bill Clinton in 1992 and 1996 even with Tennessean Al Gore on the ticket as his running mate, and Gore only got 32 percent in his own run for president in 2000.[18]

The chief executive officer of Williamson County's government is the County Mayor, who is popularly elected at-large to a four-year term. The mayor is responsible for the county's fiscal management and its day-to-day business. Rogers C. Anderson has been mayor since 2002.

The county mayor is assisted by directors of the Agricultural Exposition Park, Animal Control, Budget & Purchasing, Community Development, County Archives, Employee Benefits, Human Resources, Information Technology, Parks & Recreation, Emergency Management, Public Safety, Property Management, Risk Management, Solid Waste Management and WC-TV.[19]

The mayor works closely with the 24-member Board of County Commissioners, two members popularly elected to four-year terms from each of the 12 voting districts of roughly equal populations. A chairman of the board is elected by the membership annually. The Board of Commissioners appoints the members of the Planning Commission, Highway Commission, Beer Board, Board of Zoning Appeals, Building Board of Adjustments, County Records Committee, Library Board and others.

Dist. Commissioner Dist. Commissioner Dist. Commissioner
1 Dwight Jones 5 Beth Lothers 9 Chas Morton
1 Ricky D. Jones 5 Thomas W. "Tommy" Little 9 Matt Williams
2 Elizabeth C. "Betsy" Hester 6 Paul Webb 10 Robbie Beal
2 Judy Herbert 6 Erin Nations 10 David Landrum
3 Jennifer Mason 7 Bert Chalfant 11 Sean Aiello
3 Keith Hudson 7 Tom Tunnicliffe 11 Brian Bethard
4 Chad Story 8 Barb Sturgeon 12 Dana Ausbrooks
4 Gregg Lawrence 8 Jerry Rainey 12 Steve Smith
Office Office Holder Office Office Holder
County Mayor Rogers C. Anderson County Clerk Elaine Anderson
Property Assessor Brad Coleman Register of Deeds Sherry Anderson
Trustee Karen Paris Sheriff Dusty Rhoades
Circuit Court Clerk Debbie Barrett Chancery Court Clerk Elaine Beeler
Juvenile Court Judge Sharon Guffee Juvenile Court Clerk Brenda Hyden
General Sessions Judge Denise Andre General Sessions Judge Tom Taylor
Highway Superintendent Eddie Hood Election Administrator Chad Gray

The County's Assessor of Property, County Clerk, Circuit Court Clerk, Juvenile Court Clerk, Register of Deeds, Sheriff, Trustee and two judges of the General Sessions Court are popularly elected to four-year terms. Other officials, including the Chancery Court Clerk, Election Administrator, and Highway Superintendent, are appointed for four-year terms. The latter two are appointed by the Election Commission and Highway Commission respectively, and the Chancery Court Clerk is appointed by the elected judges of Tennessee's 21st Judicial District.

Education[]

K-12 public education in the county is under the jurisdiction of Williamson County Schools, which operates 38 schools.

Cities & Towns[]

  • Brentwood
  • Fairview
  • Franklin
  • Nolensville
  • Spring Hill
  • Thompson's Station

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Allisona (partial)
  • Arrington
  • Berry's Chapel
  • Bethesda
  • Bethlehem
  • Boston
  • Burwood
  • College Grove
  • Clovercroft
  • Cool Springs
  • Fernvale
  • Grassland
  • Kirkland
  • Leiper's Fork
  • Liberty Hill
  • Peytonsville
  • Primm Springs
  • Rudderville
  • Southall
  • Triune

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Williamson County, Tennessee

References[]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture accessed July 20, 2011
  3. ^ a b c d Thomason Associates and Tennessee Historical Commission (February, 1988). "Historic Resources of Williamson County (Partial Inventory of Historic and Architectural Properties), National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination". National Park Service. http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Text/64500624.pdf. 
  4. ^ "Battle Summary: Brentwood, TN". Nps.gov. http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/tn015.htm. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  5. ^ "Battle Summary: Thompson's Station, TN". Nps.gov. http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/tn013.htm. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  6. ^ "Battle Summary: Franklin, TN". Nps.gov. http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/tn036.htm. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  7. ^ The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture accessed July 20, 2011
  8. ^ The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture accessed July 20, 2011
  9. ^ The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture accessed July 20, 2011
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ADPTable?_bm=y&-context=adp&-qr_name=ACS_2008_3YR_G00_DP3YR2&-ds_name=ACS_2008_3YR_G00_&-tree_id=3308&-redoLog=true&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=05000US47187&-format=&-_lang=en
  12. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  13. ^ "Williamson County, Tennessee - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=05000US42029&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US42%7C05000US42029&_street=&_county=williamson&_cityTown=williamson&_state=04000US47&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=050&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  14. ^ Cost of Living Can Significantly Affect “Real” Median Household Income, Council for Community and Economic Research website . Retrieved December 9, 2007.
  15. ^ "Forbes: Williamson 17th richest county - Nashville Business Journal". Nashville.bizjournals.com. 2010-03-10. http://nashville.bizjournals.com/nashville/stories/2010/03/08/daily25.html. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  16. ^ Estimates for the 100 Fastest Growing U.S. Counties in 2004: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2004
  17. ^ CNN Election Center: America Votes 2004
  18. ^ a b Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  19. ^ Williamson County Organizational Plan, Williamson County official website. Retrieved: 20 November 2013.

Further reading[]

  • Holladay, Robert, “‘Dangerous Doctrines’: The Rise and Fall of Jacksonian Support in Williamson County, Tennessee,” Southern Studies, 16 (Spring–Summer 2009), 90–121.

External links[]

Coordinates: 35°53′N 86°54′W / 35.89, -86.90


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Williamson County, Tennessee. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Advertisement