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Winneshiek County, Iowa
WinneshiekCourthouse.JPG
Courthouse and Civil War Monument located in Decorah
Flag of Winneshiek County, Iowa
Flag
Map of Iowa highlighting Winneshiek County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the U.S. highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1847
Named for Chief Winneshiek
Seat Decorah
Largest city Decorah
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

690 sq mi (1,787 km²)
690 sq mi (1,787 km²)
0.3 sq mi (1 km²), 0.04
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

20,070
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website https://winneshiekcounty.iowa.gov/

Winneshiek County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 census, the population was 20,070.[1] The county seat is Decorah.[2]

History[]

A largely rural and agricultural county, Winneshiek County has a rich cultural history from Czech, Slovak, English, Irish, German, Swiss, and Norwegian immigrants that have settled within its boundaries.

The county was originally settled in 1848 in present-day Bloomfield Township (near Castalia, Iowa) and in Washington Township (near Fort Atkinson, Iowa). It was organized in 1847, and named after a chief of the Winnebago tribe.

In 1980, Winneshiek County reported a population of 21,842. Like much of Iowa during the 1980s it witnessed a population loss, dropping to 20,847 according to the 1990 United States Census. However, during the 1990s the county experienced some mild growth and was able to rise above the 21,000 mark once again.

Government and elected officials[]

As of 2010, the Winneshiek County government had a total of 785 employees and staff.

Politics[]

Like all Iowa counties, Winneshiek is governed by an elected partisan Board of Supervisors. Winneshiek County's Board of Supervisors has five members elected by single-member districts of equal population. Other elected officials are the county attorney, auditor, sheriff and treasurer. The offices for the supervisors and county officers are located in the County Courthouse at the county seat.

Political culture[]

United States presidential election results for Winneshiek County, Iowa[3]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 6,235 51.68% 5,617 46.56% 212 1.76%
2016 5,344 47.03% 5,254 46.24% 764 6.72%
2012 4,622 41.70% 6,256 56.44% 206 1.86%
2008 4,273 37.87% 6,829 60.52% 182 1.61%
2004 5,324 49.37% 5,354 49.65% 106 0.98%
2000 4,647 49.35% 4,339 46.08% 431 4.58%
1996 3,532 40.27% 4,122 47.00% 1,116 12.73%
1992 3,331 34.61% 3,791 39.39% 2,502 26.00%
1988 4,194 48.07% 4,443 50.92% 88 1.01%
1984 5,277 57.96% 3,724 40.90% 104 1.14%
1980 5,033 54.10% 3,201 34.40% 1,070 11.50%
1976 4,765 52.08% 4,158 45.45% 226 2.47%
1972 5,877 56.23% 4,401 42.11% 174 1.66%
1968 5,600 60.09% 3,364 36.10% 355 3.81%
1964 3,941 40.38% 5,811 59.55% 7 0.07%
1960 5,737 54.48% 4,786 45.45% 7 0.07%
1956 6,192 59.20% 4,251 40.64% 17 0.16%
1952 7,154 66.64% 3,560 33.16% 22 0.20%
1948 4,594 47.54% 4,905 50.76% 164 1.70%
1944 5,318 53.76% 4,557 46.06% 18 0.18%
1940 6,208 53.35% 5,405 46.45% 24 0.21%
1936 4,489 40.15% 5,980 53.48% 712 6.37%
1932 3,348 32.40% 6,823 66.03% 162 1.57%
1928 5,084 52.46% 4,535 46.79% 73 0.75%
1924 4,154 43.96% 1,510 15.98% 3,786 40.06%
1920 6,684 75.98% 1,933 21.97% 180 2.05%
1916 2,876 57.87% 1,956 39.36% 138 2.78%
1912 802 15.63% 2,105 41.03% 2,223 43.33%
1908 2,767 56.79% 2,008 41.22% 97 1.99%
1904 3,383 68.96% 1,467 29.90% 56 1.14%
1900 3,486 64.72% 1,835 34.07% 65 1.21%
1896 3,422 61.75% 2,033 36.68% 87 1.57%
1892 2,578 52.43% 2,262 46.00% 77 1.57%
1888 2,559 55.02% 2,043 43.93% 49 1.05%
1884 2,453 55.29% 1,974 44.49% 10 0.23%
1880 2,474 57.70% 1,415 33.00% 399 9.31%



Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 690 square miles (1,800 km2), of which 690 square miles (1,800 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (0.04%) is water.[4]

Major highways[]

  • US 52.svg U.S. Highway 52
  • Iowa 9.svg Iowa Highway 9
  • Iowa 24.svg Iowa Highway 24
  • Iowa 139.svg Iowa Highway 139
  • Iowa 150.svg Iowa Highway 150

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 546
1860 13,942 2,453.5%
1870 23,570 69.1%
1880 23,938 1.6%
1890 22,528 −5.9%
1900 23,731 5.3%
1910 21,729 −8.4%
1920 22,091 1.7%
1930 21,630 −2.1%
1940 22,263 2.9%
1950 21,639 −2.8%
1960 21,651 0.1%
1970 21,758 0.5%
1980 21,876 0.5%
1990 20,847 −4.7%
2000 21,310 2.2%
2010 21,056 −1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2020[9]

Population of Winneshiek County from US census data

2020 census[]

The 2020 census recorded a population of 20,070 in the county, with a population density of 28.878/sq mi (11.1500/km2). 97.20% of the population reported being of one race. 91.02% were non-Hispanic White, 0.65% were Black, 2.91% were Hispanic, 0.17% were Native American, 0.89% were Asian, 0.06% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 4.30% were some other race or more than one race. There were 8,916 housing units, of which 8,170 were occupied.[1]

2010 census[]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 21,056 in the county, with a population density of 30.5332/sq mi (11.7889/km2). There were 8,721 housing units, of which 7,997 were occupied.[10]

2000 census[]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Winneshiek County

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 21,310 people, 7,734 households, and 5,189 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km2). There were 8,208 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.85% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.3% were of German, 31.7% Norwegian, 5.5% Irish and 5.1% Czech ancestry.

There were 7,734 households, out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.0% under the age of 18, 16.7% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,908, and the median income for a family was $45,966. Males had a median income of $29,278 versus $21,240 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,047. About 5.1% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Calmar
  • Castalia
  • Decorah
  • Fort Atkinson
  • Jackson Junction
  • Ossian
  • Ridgeway
  • Spillville

Census-designated place[]

  • Burr Oak

Other unincorporated communities[]

  • Bluffton
  • Festina
  • Frankville
  • Highlandville
  • Hesper
  • Kendalville

Townships[]

  • Bloomfield
  • Bluffton
  • Burr Oak
  • Calmar
  • Canoe
  • Decorah
  • Frankville
  • Fremont
  • Glenwood
  • Hesper
  • Highland
  • Jackson
  • Lincoln
  • Madison
  • Military
  • Orleans
  • Pleasant
  • Springfield
  • Sumner
  • Washington

Ghost towns[]

  • Conover
  • Moneek
  • Sattre
  • Canoe

Population ranking[]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Winneshiek County.[1]

county seat

Rank City/town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 Decorah City 7,587
2 Calmar City 1,125
3 Ossian City 802
4 Spillville City 385
5 Fort Atkinson City 312
6 Ridgeway City 275
7 Burr Oak CDP 171
8 Castalia City 145
9 Jackson Junction City 37

Education[]

The following school districts have their administrative headquarters in the county:[12]

  • Decorah Community School District
  • South Winneshiek Community School District
  • Turkey Valley Community School District

North Winneshiek Community School District was in the county until it merged with Decorah CSD on July 1, 2018.[13]

The following school districts have their administrative headquarters outside of the county but serve sections of Winneshiek County:[12]

  • Allamakee Community School District
  • Howard–Winneshiek Community School District
  • Postville Community School District

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Winneshiek County, Iowa

References[]

  1. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". United states Census Bureau. https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial/2020/data/01-Redistricting_File--PL_94-171/Iowa/. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ia190090.txt. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/19/19191.html. 
  10. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2.ST05&prodType=table. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  12. ^ a b "Comprehensive Plan". Winneshiek County. December 2016. p. 90. https://www.winneshiekcounty.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/Comprehensive-Plan.pdf.  - (PDF p. 91/512) See "Figure 8: School Districts in Winneshiek County" in section "Public Schools"
  13. ^ "Iowa Educational Directory 2019-2020 School Year". Iowa Department of Education. p. 175. https://educateiowa.gov/sites/files/ed/documents/2019-2020EducationalDirectory.pdf.  (PDF p. 177/186) - From section "REORGANIZATION & DISSOLUTION ACTIONS SINCE 1965-66"

External links[]

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Coordinates: 43°17′N 91°52′W / 43.283, -91.867


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Winneshiek County, Iowa. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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