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{{Infobox German location
{{coord|51|56|N|9|56|E}}
 
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|Art=Ortsteil
Winzenburg is a village in Lower Saxony.
 
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|Municipality = [[Freden]]
{{showfacts interwikis
 
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|image_coa = Wappen Winzenburg.png
|lang01=en- English
 
|lang01-page= Winzenburg
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|image_photo = Winzenburg Kirche S.JPG
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|image_caption = Nativity of Virgin Mary Church
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|coordinates = {{coord|51|56|N|09|56|E|format=dms|display=inline,title}}
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|image_plan =
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|state = Niedersachsen
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|district = Hildesheim
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|elevation = 178
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|area = 16.64
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|population = 688
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|Stand = 2015-12-31
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|postal_code = 31088
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|area_code = 05184
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|licence = HI
 
}}
 
}}
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'''Winzenburg''' is a village and a former municipality in the district of [[Hildesheim (district)|Hildesheim]] in [[Lower Saxony]], Germany. Since 1 November 2016, it is part of the municipality [[Freden]]. It comprises four smaller communities, including the village of Winzenburg, which dates from the [[Middle Ages]]. Winzenburg is located in the [[Leinebergland]] to the north of [[Bad Gandersheim]], between the [[national park]]s of the [[Harz]] and the [[Weserbergland]], in [[Lower Saxony]], Germany. The municipality ({{lang-de|[[Gemeinde]]}}) was formed in March 1, 1974 from the four previously independent communities of Winzenburg, Schildhorst, Westerberg and Klump. It is near the small town of [[Freden]].
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== Constituent villages ==
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=== Winzenburg ===
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Winzenburg is chiefly known for [[Winzenburg castle]], a [[medieval]] castle now in ruins, which stands on a spur of the [[Sackwald]].
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In the vicinity, it is also known for its man-made fishing ponds where one can either fish at one of the five ponds or eat fish at one of the ''Fischerhütte'', the small nearby restaurants. Count Hermann II of Winzenburg built the castle at [[Schöneberg (Hofgeismar)|Schöneberg]].<ref name="winzen">Friedhelm Biermann, [http://miami.uni-muenster.de/servlets/DerivateServlet/Derivate-3113/diss_biermann.pdf " Die Adelsherrschaften an Ober- und Mittelweser des 13. und 14. Jahrhunderts: im Kräftespiel zwischen einer neu formierten welfischen Hausmacht und expandierenden geistlichen Territorien"] (PDF) Westfälischen Wilhelms - Universität zu Münster (Westfalen). [[Dissertation]] (2005). Page 407. Retrieved February 5, 2011. {{de icon}}</ref>
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=== Westerberg ===
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The hamlet of Westerberg began as a settlement next to a [[glassblowing|glassblower]] founded in 1744. Originally temporary because the property was rented, rather than owned, after the third 8-year extension of the lease, the settlement became permanent. Area [[clay pit]]s later supported the production of bricks. They are now filled with water and are managed by the Freden sport fishing club.<ref name="freden">[http://www.freden.de/gemeinden/gemeinde-winzenburg.html "Gemeinde Winzenburg"] Municipality of Freden, official website. Retrieved February 6, 2011 {{de icon}}</ref>
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=== Klump ===
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Klump is below the [[Sauberg]] and started out as small farms and farmers who rented the land they lived and worked on.<ref name="freden" />
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=== Schildhorst ===
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The village is surrounded by forests, which are favored places to walk in summer and ski in winter. There is a bus connection to the railway station at Freden.
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The village was of greater significance in the 18th and 19th centuries because of Glasfabrik Schildhorst, the [[glassblowing]] factory there, which produced white and other glass. The abundance of water, timber and minerals, natural resources required for the production of glass, made the site particularly suitable. In the 20th century, however, the industry left, and with it, the prosperity of Schildhorst. All that remains is a sawmill, a cheesemaker and a few traces of the glassblower. Today, the population is about 70.
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== References ==
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{{reflist}}
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== External links ==
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* [http://www.kreisheimatbund-hildesheim.de/pages/bilder/galerie_k12.php 1852 map of Schildhorst (photo 450), 1845 document from glass factory (photo 451) and photo of products from glass factory, 1845 (photo 452)] Kreisheimatbund-Hildesheim, official website. Click through to picture numbers, mouse over photo and click on icon for enlarged image. Retrieved February 6, 2011. {{de icon}}
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{{Authority control}}
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[[Category:Winzenburg]]
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[[Category:Hildesheim (district)]]

Revision as of 17:08, 17 May 2017

Main Births etc
Winzenburg
—  Ortsteil of Freden  —
Nativity of Virgin Mary Church
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
Admin. region
District Hildesheim
Municipality Freden
Founded
First mentioned
Government
 • Mayor
Area
 • Total 16.64 km2 (6.42 sq mi)
Elevation 178 m (584 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)
 • Total 688
 • Density 41/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 31088
Dialling codes 05184
Vehicle registration HI

Winzenburg is a village and a former municipality in the district of Hildesheim in Lower Saxony, Germany. Since 1 November 2016, it is part of the municipality Freden. It comprises four smaller communities, including the village of Winzenburg, which dates from the Middle Ages. Winzenburg is located in the Leinebergland to the north of Bad Gandersheim, between the national parks of the Harz and the Weserbergland, in Lower Saxony, Germany. The municipality (German: Gemeinde) was formed in March 1, 1974 from the four previously independent communities of Winzenburg, Schildhorst, Westerberg and Klump. It is near the small town of Freden.

Constituent villages

Winzenburg

Winzenburg is chiefly known for Winzenburg castle, a medieval castle now in ruins, which stands on a spur of the Sackwald. In the vicinity, it is also known for its man-made fishing ponds where one can either fish at one of the five ponds or eat fish at one of the Fischerhütte, the small nearby restaurants. Count Hermann II of Winzenburg built the castle at Schöneberg.[1]

Westerberg

The hamlet of Westerberg began as a settlement next to a glassblower founded in 1744. Originally temporary because the property was rented, rather than owned, after the third 8-year extension of the lease, the settlement became permanent. Area clay pits later supported the production of bricks. They are now filled with water and are managed by the Freden sport fishing club.[2]

Klump

Klump is below the Sauberg and started out as small farms and farmers who rented the land they lived and worked on.[2]

Schildhorst

The village is surrounded by forests, which are favored places to walk in summer and ski in winter. There is a bus connection to the railway station at Freden.

The village was of greater significance in the 18th and 19th centuries because of Glasfabrik Schildhorst, the glassblowing factory there, which produced white and other glass. The abundance of water, timber and minerals, natural resources required for the production of glass, made the site particularly suitable. In the 20th century, however, the industry left, and with it, the prosperity of Schildhorst. All that remains is a sawmill, a cheesemaker and a few traces of the glassblower. Today, the population is about 70.

References

  1. ^ Friedhelm Biermann, " Die Adelsherrschaften an Ober- und Mittelweser des 13. und 14. Jahrhunderts: im Kräftespiel zwischen einer neu formierten welfischen Hausmacht und expandierenden geistlichen Territorien" (PDF) Westfälischen Wilhelms - Universität zu Münster (Westfalen). Dissertation (2005). Page 407. Retrieved February 5, 2011. (German)
  2. ^ a b "Gemeinde Winzenburg" Municipality of Freden, official website. Retrieved February 6, 2011 (German)

External links