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Yakima County, Washington
Map of Washington highlighting Yakima County
Location in the state of Washington (state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting Washington
Washington's location in the U.S.
Founded January 21, 1865
Seat Yakima
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

4,312 sq mi (11,168 km²)
4,296 sq mi (11,127 km²)
15 sq mi (39 km²), 0.63%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

256,728
56/sq mi (21.8/km²)
Website www.yakimacounty.us

Yakima County is the second largest county by area in the U.S. state of Washington. It is named after the Yakama tribe of Native Americans. In the 2020 census, its population was 256,728. The county seat is Yakima, which is also its largest city.

The Yakama Indian Reservation, the 15th largest reservation in America, covers 1,573 mi² (4,074 km²),[1] comprising 36% of the county's total area. Its population was 31,799 in 2000, and its largest city is Toppenish.

Yakima County was formed out of Ferguson County on January 21, 1865. Ferguson County, no longer in existence, had been created from Walla Walla County on January 23, 1863.[2]

Geography[]

Orchards near Selah

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,312 square miles (11,167 km²), of which 4,296 square miles (11,127 km²) is land and 15 square miles (40 km²) (0.36%) is water. Yakima County is the second largest county in Washington by area. Yakima County is also widely known for being one of the most difficult places on earth to predict weather, because of the mountains that surround it.[3] The total area covered by the county is larger than the states of Delaware and Rhode Island combined.[4] The highest point in the county is Mount Adams, which is the second tallest peak in Washington and the third tallest in the entire Cascade Range.

Geographic features[]

Mount Adams, highest point in Yakima County

  • Mount Adams, 12,281 feet (3,743 m)
  • Gilbert Peak, 8,184 feet (2,494 m)
  • Mount Aix, 7,766 feet (2,367 m)
  • Tieton Peak, 7,724 feet (2,354 m)
  • Cascade Mountains
  • Rattlesnake Hills
  • Horse Heaven Hills

Major rivers[]

  • Yakima River
  • Columbia River
  • Naches River
  • Tieton River
  • Bumping River
  • American River

National protected areas[]

  • Wenatchee National Forest (part)
  • Gifford Pinchot National Forest (part)
  • Snoqualmie National Forest (part)

  • Goat Rocks Wilderness
  • Mount Adams Wilderness (part)
  • Norse Peak Wilderness (part)
  • William O. Douglas Wilderness

  • Toppenish National Wildlife Refuge

Major roads[]

  • I-82.svg Interstate 82
  • US 12.svg U.S. Route 12
  • US 97.svg U.S. Route 97

Adjacent counties[]

Wines regions[]

Washington ranks second in the United States in the production of wine, behind only California.[5] The Yakima Valley AVA was established in 1983 in the state's oldest agricultural region. It is Washington's third largest officially designated American Viticultural Area (AVA), and is responsible for more than 40% of the state's entire wine production.

Located within the larger Columbia Valley AVA, the Yakima Valley AVA is sub-divided into the three smaller wine regions, each with its own distinctive growing conditions. They are known as Red Mountain AVA, Snipes Mountain AVA, and Rattlesnake Hills AVA.[6] Of the viticultural region's 665,000 acres (269,100 ha), nearly 11,120 acres (4,500 ha) were planted in 2008.[5]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 432
1880 2,811 550.7%
1890 4,429 57.6%
1900 13,462 204.0%
1910 41,709 209.8%
1920 63,710 52.7%
1930 77,402 21.5%
1940 99,019 27.9%
1950 135,723 37.1%
1960 145,112 6.9%
1970 144,971 −0.1%
1980 172,508 19.0%
1990 188,823 9.5%
2000 222,581 17.9%
2010 243,231 9.3%

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 222,581 people, 73,993 households, and 54,606 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 79,174 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.60% White, 0.97% Black or African American, 4.48% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 24.43% from other races, and 3.48% from two or more races. 35.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 13.2% were of German, 6.4% United States or American, 5.9% English and 5.4% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 73,993 households out of which 39.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,828, and the median income for a family was $39,746. Males had a median income of $31,620 versus $24,541 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,606. About 14.8% of families and 19.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.2% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[]

Yakima County leans Republican in statewide elections. On only four occasions has it backed a Democrat for President – it has voted for the same candidate as the state of South Dakota in every election since they first voted for President – and the last Democratic gubernatorial candidate it backed was Albert D. Rosellini in 1956.

Only Adams County and Columbia County, which last backed a Democrat for governor in 1936 when Clarence D. Martin swept every county in the state, have consistently backed Republicans for governor for longer.[8] Although Yakima County did narrowly support Maria Cantwell in 2012, the previous statewide candidate to carry Yakima County for the Democrats was popular Senator "Scoop" Jackson in 1982.

United States presidential election results for Yakima County, Washington[9]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 50,555 52.56% 43,179 44.89% 2,459 2.56%
2016 41,735 52.34% 31,291 39.24% 6,715 8.42%
2012 42,239 54.50% 33,217 42.86% 2,050 2.64%
2008 41,946 54.10% 33,792 43.58% 1,796 2.32%
2004 43,352 59.56% 28,474 39.12% 964 1.32%
2000 39,494 58.61% 25,546 37.91% 2,342 3.48%
1996 27,668 46.61% 25,676 43.25% 6,016 10.13%
1992 25,841 44.58% 21,026 36.27% 11,102 19.15%
1988 30,026 55.70% 23,221 43.07% 663 1.23%
1984 40,678 61.46% 24,724 37.36% 780 1.18%
1980 33,815 55.21% 21,873 35.71% 5,565 9.09%
1976 29,478 53.12% 24,223 43.65% 1,791 3.23%
1972 32,240 58.93% 19,729 36.06% 2,736 5.00%
1968 27,488 53.69% 19,499 38.09% 4,211 8.22%
1964 22,786 43.21% 29,604 56.14% 340 0.64%
1960 31,683 58.68% 21,958 40.67% 354 0.66%
1956 31,984 60.21% 20,991 39.51% 149 0.28%
1952 32,317 64.06% 17,647 34.98% 483 0.96%
1948 21,396 51.00% 19,760 47.10% 801 1.91%
1944 20,864 56.76% 15,643 42.56% 249 0.68%
1940 20,398 52.63% 18,092 46.68% 270 0.70%
1936 12,555 39.66% 17,200 54.33% 1,902 6.01%
1932 11,151 41.54% 13,880 51.70% 1,815 6.76%
1928 16,694 73.07% 6,008 26.30% 146 0.64%
1924 12,124 63.72% 2,157 11.34% 4,747 24.95%
1920 11,571 59.39% 4,062 20.85% 3,851 19.76%
1916 7,188 49.10% 6,136 41.91% 1,316 8.99%
1912 3,304 25.21% 3,209 24.49% 6,592 50.30%
1908 3,998 63.86% 1,650 26.35% 613 9.79%
1904 3,484 70.36% 929 18.76% 539 10.88%
1900 1,507 55.90% 1,066 39.54% 123 4.56%
1896 948 42.57% 1,266 56.85% 13 0.58%
1892 625 41.47% 498 33.05% 384 25.48%



Census-recognized communities[]

  • Ahtanum
  • Eschbach
  • Gleed
  • Grandview
  • Granger
  • Harrah
  • Mabton
  • Moxee

  • Naches
  • Satus
  • Selah
  • Summitview
  • Sunnyside
  • Terrace Heights
  • Tieton

Other communities[]

Historical communities[]

Sources: [10][11]

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Yakima County, Washington

References[]

  1. ^ HistroyLink.org: Yakima County – Thumbnail History
  2. ^ List of counties in Washington
  3. ^ List of U.S. states and territories by area
  4. ^ a b A. Domine (ed) Wine pg 798-800 Ullmann Publishing 2008 ISBN 9783833146114
  5. ^ J. Robinson (ed) "The Oxford Companion to Wine" Third Edition pg -761-762 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0198609906
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named L
  8. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  9. ^ Tacoma Public Library, Washington Place Names
  10. ^ USGS U.S. Board of Geographic Names

Further reading[]

External links[]

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Coordinates: 46°28′N 120°44′W / 46.46, -120.74


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Yakima County, Washington. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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